BLR’s
Safety Training Presentations
Control of Hazardous Energy
(Lockout/Tagout) 29 CFR 1910.147
11006115 Copyright 1999 Business & Legal Reports, Inc.
What Is Lockout/Tagout?
 Referred to as LOTO
 Blocks flow of energy from power source
to the equipment
 Provides means of warning (tag)
11006115 Copyright 1999 Business & Legal Reports, Inc.
Regulatory Requirements
 29 CFR 1910.147–Control of Hazardous Energy
 Covers operators and service personnel
 Requires training of employees
11006115 Copyright 1999 Business & Legal Reports, Inc.
Types of Lockout Devices
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Locks
Blocks
Chains
Multilock hasps
Wheel valve covers
Ball valve covers
11006115 Copyright 1999 Business and Legal Reports Inc.
Requirements For
Lockout/Tagout Devices
They must be:
 Durable
 Standardized
 Substantial
 Identifiable
11006115 Copyright 1999 Business & Legal Reports, Inc.
Energy Sources
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Electricity
Hydraulic
Pneumatic
Steam
Thermal
Chemical
Gravity
11006115 Copyright 1999 Business & Legal Reports, Inc.
Typical Equipment
Requiring LOTO
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Presses
Saws
Conveyors
Pumps
Production
Equipment
 Trash
Compactors
 Ovens
11006115 Copyright 1999 Business and Legal Reports Inc.
When Must LOTO Be Used?
When servicing or maintaining equipment where:
 Hazardous energy exists
 Unexpected start-up could occur
 Either of these could harm an employee
11006115 Copyright 1999 Business & Legal Reports, Inc.
LOTO Shall Be Used When:
 Employees are required to remove or
bypass a safety device
 Employees are required to place any part
of their body in harm’s way
 Employees are exposed to hazardous
energy
11006115 Copyright 1999 Business & Legal Reports, Inc.
LOTO Exceptions
 Work where hazardous energy does
not exist
 Activities performed during routine
production processes
 Work on cord-controlled devices
 Hot tap operations where shutdown
is not feasible
11006115 Copyright 1999 Business & Legal Reports, Inc.
Typical LOTO Procedures
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Performing a shutdown
Isolating equipment
Applying and removing lockout devices
Safely releasing stored energy
11006115 Copyright 1999 Business & Legal Reports, Inc.
Affected Employees
Employees who
 Operate
 Work around
 Occasionally adjust equipment that is
subject to LOTO
11006115 Copyright 1999 Business & Legal Reports, Inc.
Authorized Employee
 Maintains equipment
 Services equipment
 Is trained to use LOTO
11006115 Copyright 1999 Business and Legal Reports Inc.
Company Responsibilities
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Ensure de-energization of equipment
Ensure employee awareness
Provide appropriate levels of training
Review program effectiveness
Maintain and revise program
Administer appropriate disciplinary actions
11006115 Copyright 1999 Business & Legal Reports, Inc.
Maintenance Responsibilities
 Lockout/Tagout prior
to service or repair
 Remove or cut locks
off isolation devices
 Ensure proper training
of authorized employees
11006115 Copyright 1999 Business and Legal Reports Inc.
Affected Employee
Responsibilities
 Notify maintenance, etc., when equipment
needs repair or adjustment
 Leave all LOTO devices in place
 Verify equipment is safe to operate
following LOTO
 Follow all safety rules while operating the
equipment
11006115 Copyright 1999 Business & Legal Reports, Inc.
Authorized Employee
Responsibilities
 Repair or service equipment as needed
 Ensure that all energy sources are locked
out
 Test equipment to verify residual energy is
dissipated
 Place a “Danger—Do Not Operate” tag on
equipment
11006115 Copyright 1999 Business & Legal Reports, Inc.
Authorized Employee
Responsibilities (cont.)
 Obtain assistance
when necessary
 Remove locks and/or
tags following LOTO
 Coordinate
multi-shift repair
11006115 Copyright 1999 Business and Legal Reports Inc.
Training Requirements
 Authorized employees—initially and at
least annually
 Affected employees—at least initially
 Authorized and affected—whenever
changes are made to jobs or procedures
 Authorized and affected—when program
deficiencies are noted
11006115 Copyright 1999 Business & Legal Reports, Inc.
How to Perform LOTO Safely
 Follow company safety procedures for LOTO
 Refer to procedures on how to lockout specific
equipment
 Keep everyone informed when equipment is
repaired or serviced
 Stay alert
 Use common sense
11006115 Copyright 1999 Business & Legal Reports, Inc.