Advocating For A Holistic Youth Agriculture
Policy Framework In Southern Africa
National Youth Policy Dialogue, 26 April 2013
Zimbabwe
Sithembile Mwamakamba, Project Manager
[email protected]
Presentation Outline
1. Background on FANRPAN
– The Network
– The Programmes
– Policy Cycle
2. Overview of youth engagement in agriculture
in Southern Africa
3. Background on FANRPAN’s work on engaging
youth in agriculture policies
4. Why we are here today
Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN)
www.fanrpan.org
FANRPAN Origins
• Call by Ministers in 1994
• Created in 1997, and registered in 2002
• Stakeholder categories:
-
Farmers, Government, Researchers, Private sector, Media,
Development Partners, Youth
• Members/National nodes in 16 African countries:
-
Angola, Botswana, DRC, Kenya, Lesotho, Namibia, Madagascar,
Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa,
Swaziland, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN)
www.fanrpan.org
FANRPAN
Vision
A food secure southern Africa free from hunger and poverty
Mission
To promote effective Food, Agriculture and Natural
Resources (FANR) policies by
– facilitating linkages and partnerships between government and civil
society,
– building the capacity for policy analysis and policy dialogue in
southern Africa, and
– supporting demand-driven policy research and analysis
Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN)
www.fanrpan.org
FANRPAN Structure: Network of Networks
Commercial Farmers
DRC
Farmers
Uganda
CSOs
Malawi
Government
Small-scale farmers
associations
Private Sector
Namibia
Zimbabwe
Zambia
Botswana
Kenya
FANRPAN
Regional
Secretariat
Angola
Commodity Associations
Mozambique
Tanzania
Lesotho
Researchers
Madagascar
Mauritius
Swaziland
South Africa
Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN)
www.fanrpan.org
FANRPAN Strategic Framework
Conducive
Agricultural Policy
Environment
POLICY ANALYSIS
& ADVOCACY
3
Capacity Building
1
Burning
Policy Issues
Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN)
Policy Research
2
www.fanrpan.org
FANRPAN’s Thematic Thrusts
Food Systems
Agricultural Productivity – Markets
Natural Resources and Environment
Social Protection & Livelihoods
Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN)
www.fanrpan.org
Unpacking the FANRPAN Policy Engagement Cycle
3
Capacity development
2
1
Strategic
Knowledge
partnerships generation
Key
components
What we do in this areas
• Generate knowledge through policy analysis and research
• Acquire knowledge through engagements at local, national,
regional and global levels
• Mobilize Strategic partnerships to generate policy evidence
and to mentor
• Forge partnerships for advocacy
• Coordinate the implementation of the collaborative
engagement.
• Analytical capacities and knowledge base of policy
implementers enhanced.
• Mentoring and career development (e.g. Nodes, Youth
through Internships, Msc and PhD thesis)
• Equip actors with relevant tools and terminology they need
to effectively engage with one another (e.g. TPA)
• Journalists training for responsive, relevant reporting and
Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN)
www.fanrpan.org
reaching wider audients
FANRPAN Policy Engagement Cycle (cont’d)
4
Policy Advocacy
•
•
Policy advocates capacitated (e.g. Elders, Champions
and Advocates)
Advocacy engagement at local, national, regional and
global levels (e.g. UNFCCC-Cop, AU, COMESA,
Montpellier panel etc.)
Promote change in Knowledge, Attitude and Skills (KAS)
·
Documentation of processes and lessons learned
·
Harvesting and consolidation of dispersed existing
knowledge assets
·
Monitoring, evaluation and learning (e.g. reviews,
common vision retreats, exchange visits, reflection
meetings etc.)
•
•
5
Knowledge management
and communication
Safe space and legitimate convening power of multistakeholder policy dialogues
· Dissemination policy briefs, www.fanrpan.org
publications, social media
Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN)
and other means
Youth and Agriculture in Southern Africa
• Africa is the world’s youngest continent,
• In 2010, 70 % of the region’s population was under
the age of 30,
• In 2010, 20 % of the population were young people
between the ages of 15 to 24.
• The large majority of the youth lives in rural areas
and mostly employed in agriculture, accounting for
65% of total employment.
Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN)
www.fanrpan.org
Regional Efforts in Creating Youth Policies
• NEPAD Youth Desk
– Launched in 2005 by New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) to give
youth a platform for dialogue and enable them to contribute to policy debates.
• The African Youth Charter
– Adopted July 2006 at the 7th Ordinary Session of the Conference of Heads of
States and Government
– Lays the pedestal for national programmes and strategic plans for Youth
empowerment
• Youth Decade Plan of Action (2009-2018)
– Declared by the African Union Assembly in January, 2009, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
– Framework for multi-sectoral and multidimensional engagement of all
stakeholders towards the achievement of the goals and objectives of the African
Youth Charter.
Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN)
www.fanrpan.org
Status of the African Youth Charter
Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN)
www.fanrpan.org
Youth Charter and Agriculture
Article 14: Poverty Eradication and Socio-economic Integration of
Youth
• Train young people to take up agricultural, mineral, commercial and
industrial production using contemporary systems and promote the
benefits of modern information and communication technology to
gain access to existing and new markets;
• Facilitate access to credit to promote youth participation in
agricultural and other sustainable livelihood projects
Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN)
www.fanrpan.org
Article 12: National Youth Policy
• State Parties shall obliged to develop a comprehensive and
coherent national youth policy as follows:
– The policy shall be cross-sectoral in nature considering the
interrelatedness of the challenges facing young people;
– The development of a national youth policy shall be informed by
extensive consultation with young people and cater for their active
participation in decision-making at all levels of governance in issues
concerning youth and society as a whole;
– The policy shall advocate equal opportunities for young men and for
young women;
Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN)
www.fanrpan.org
FANRPAN’s Youth In Agriculture Work
• September 2011
– FANRPAN convenes a Regional High Level Multi-stakeholder Food Security
Policy Dialogue on “Advocating for the Active Engagement of
the Youth in the Agricultural Value Chain”
Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN)
www.fanrpan.org
Background
• November 2011
FANRPAN commissioned case studies in Malawi, Mauritius, South Africa,
Swaziland, Tanzania and Zimbabwe to assess current and emerging youth
policies and initiatives with a special focus on links to agriculture.
Evodius Rutta
Executive Director
TAYEN
Tanzania
Nawsheen
Hosenally
Agriculture
Graduate
Mauritius
Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN)
Calvin Kamchacha
Executive Director
FAFOTRAJ
Malawi
Obert Mathivha
Executive Director
CAYC
South Africa
www.fanrpan.org
Mduduzi Dlamini
President
Swazi Youth in AgriBusiness
Swaziland
Tavaka Nyoni
Consultant
ORAP
Zimbabwe
Study Objectives
• Establish baseline data on youth policies and initiatives currently in place
in the case study countries.
• Identify gaps and opportunities for developing national youth and
agriculture policies within agricultural sector and make appropriate policy
decisions.
• Investigate the current participation level and coverage of rural and
urban youth in agriculture and their perceptions towards the sector
• Investigate and assess how the key institutions as well as current tools,
and mechanisms and policy instruments available have mainstreamed
youth agenda
• Profile investment opportunities for youth engagement in the
agricultural value chains
Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN)
www.fanrpan.org
Methodology
COUNTRY
DESK
REVIEW
KEY
INFORMANT
INTERVIEWS
FOCUS GROUP ON LINE
DISCUSSIONS FORUM
DISCUSSIONS
SURVEYS
MAURITIUS




SOUTH
AFRICA


SWAZILAND

ZIMBABWE

MALAWI



TANZANIA





Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN)

www.fanrpan.org

2012 FANRPAN High Level Food Security Policy
Dialogue, Tanzania
The theme was “From Policy to Practice: Advocating for the Active Engagement
of Youth in Agriculture Value Chains”.
• 253 delegates
• 23 countries
• Presentation of six country
case study findings to a
regional audience
• Launch of the Youth in
Agriculture Award
H.E. Dr Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete, President of the Republic
of Tanzania
Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN)
www.fanrpan.org
Disseminating the Findings
• September 2012: USAID support in disseminating case study
findings at national level
• Four national dialogues (South Africa, Swaziland, Mauritius,
Malawi) have been conducted to date
• Expansion of project to:
–
–
–
–
Angola,
Lesotho,
Mozambique and
Zambia
Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN)
www.fanrpan.org
Nothing for
the Youth
Without
the Youth
Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN)
www.fanrpan.org
Thank You
Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN)
www.fanrpan.org
Download

Zimbabwe Dialogue 26 April 2013