11th EDF Programming
Agenda item 5: Agenda for Change
OVERVIEW
1. The need for change
2. The “Agenda for Change”
WHY THE NEED FOR CHANGE
WHY NEED FOR CHANGE?
 Treaty of Europe of Lisbon 1.12.2010 – Creation of EEAS. EU
Delegations have 3 pillars; political, trade and aid roles.
 Now EU (not EC) Delegations potential for greater coherence
between 3 pillars and 27 EU Member States (c.f One UN).
 In past EU tried “to do everything, everywhere…”. We can't.
 Too much focused on how much we spent rather than results
achieved.
 EU seen as a charity giving ‘gifts’ esp. in Africa
 Need investments that promote sustainable growth
WHY NEED FOR CHANGE?
 Realisation that donor funds are not ‘enough’ (e.g energy)
 Poor use of grants funds (e.g for roads)
 Innovative use of funds; blending grants and loans; using granst to
leverage loans; risk sharing etc)
 Want better political dialogue with beneficiary countries; genuine
political and economic reforms in RoL and democracy.
 13 ACP countries have higher GDPs than some EU Member States
 No more human resources (although reallocation)
THE AGENDA FOR CHANGE
AGENDA FOR CHANGE
 It is a break with past (8th, 9th, 10th EDFs…) but poverty alleviate
remains overall objective
 Aim is to increase impact of EU assistance through a number of
guiding principles
 Ownership – use of National Development Plan (support country's
vision) but also CSOs, trade unions, private sector will play vital role
(record all meetings)
 Comprehensiveness and coherence – define EU’s relationship under
all instruments; EU delivers as one.
AGENDA FOR CHANGE
 Differentiation of EU aid – focus on countries most in need (implies
fewer) where EU aid can have real impact (implies not all LDCs)
 Budget - 19 countries may no longer get bilateral aid
 ACP - 20 countries may no longer get bilateral aid
but may still get regional and thematic assistance and loans
 Simplification of process - uses National Development Plans (if
appropriate) no CSP needed. EU aid plugged more directly into
development ‘vision’ of country. Documents will be shorter (no
long annexes!)
 Synchronisation and flexibility – dance to the rhythm of the NDPs
and not EDF. Greater flexibility to respond to sudden changes (ad
hoc reviews).
AGENDA FOR CHANGE
 Joint programming with EU MS (EIB) and others donors if possible.
Improves coordination. Two levels:
 Joint analysis
 Joint response strategy (indicative allocations by donor by
sector)
 Common results framework – where possible use country’s
framework. If insufficient support should be provide within sector.
 Sector concentration max 3 sectors in any one country with narrow
definition of ‘sector’. Reduce transaction costs for SZ and EU.
Priority given to sectors in Agenda for Change. Choice based on need.
AGENDA FOR CHANGE
 Sectoral “menu” – reflects EU priorities; but selection based on
need.
1. Democracy, human rights and rule of law
Gender, tax, anti-corruption, CSOs and LAs, management of
natural resources, public sector management.
2.Inclusive and sustainable growth
Social protection, health and education and jobs (globally 20 % of
11th EDF should be to social sectors)
Promoting green low carbon economy, sustainable use of nat.
resources
AGENDA FOR CHANGE
 Stronger business environment, deeper regional integration
and global market integration. New ways of engaging with
private sector (blending, risk share-mechanisms)
 Sustainable agriculture, fisheries, food security
 Sustainable energy (globally 20 % of 11th EDF should be climate
change related)
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Agenda for Change