National Institute of Labour Protection, Vietnam
THE SITUATION OF OCCUPATIONAL
HEALTH IN VIETNAM
VU XUAN TRUNG
1
CONTAIN
Show some occupational health data related
 The result of health check up for workers
 Data statistics related illness and diseases of
workers
 Data statistics on occupational diseases
Introduction of our Occupational Health Clinic
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The system of occupational health services in
Vietnam:
 State management:
 Preventive Medicine Department, Ministry of
Health
 Provincial Preventive Medicine Centers;
 Central and Provincial Occupational Diseases
Committees
 Carry out services:
 Occupational Health Centers of Ministries.
 Provincial and District Occupational Health
Centers
 Occupational Health Clinics
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Up to 2006, there are about:
50 occupational health centers
37 Occupational Health clinics
(With total 570 staffs)
Carry out Occupational Services for
enterprises
All the organs, centers and clinics have to
submit annual report to Preventive Medicine
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Dept.
The result of health check up for
workers
In 2006,
Only 3854 enterprises (17.3 % of the total
reported enterprises) organized health check up for
469,931 workers (30 % of the total reported workers).
Prevalence (%)
Health classification
Level I (very good)
Level II (good)
Level III (average)
Level IV (weak)
Level V (very weak)
2004
2005
(N= 428,316) (N= 543,086)
18.1
41.2
28.1
10.1
2.5
20.4
44.9
25.5
7.65
1.5
Source: Preventive Medicine Dept.
2006
(N= 469,931)
19.4
40.3
27.9
9.4
2.9
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Illness and diseases of workers
Statistics on 307500 workers visited workers in 2006
and 807465 visited workers in 2005.
Type of diseases
Pulmonary diseases
Eyes diseases
Musculoskeletal
Ear - nose - throat
Skin diseases
Cardiovascular
Others
Prevalence (%)
2005
2006
(N= 807,465)
(N= 307,500)
25.3
30.5
6.8
6.6
5.5
5.7
8.2
4.6
3.7
2.3
2.6
2.9
47.9
52.6
Source: Preventive Medicine Dept.
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Illness and diseases of workers
Following table showed the number of sickness
absence at the reported enterprises in the period of
2004 to 2006
2004
2005
Total of workers at
989,731 1,006,408
reported enterprises
Numbers of worker out 406,520 205,128
of work due to sickness (41.03%) (20.38 %)
Sickness absence time
206,877 312,582
Numbers of day absent 807514
989,896
Source: Preventive Medicine Dept.
2006
739,910
131,211
(17.7 %)
308,564
863733
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Statistics on occupational diseases
Occupational diseases
The total
occupati
onal
diseases
cases
from
1977 to
2006
Silicosis
Byssinosis
Occupational chronic bronchitis
Lead poisoning
TNT poisoning
Nicotine poisoning
Pesticide poisoning
Noise - induced hearing loss
Occupational melanosis
Occupational tuberculosis
Occupational viral hepatitis
Cases
percent
17262
278
99
309
151
259
292
3722
570
53
111
Source: Preventive Medicine Dept.
74.52
1.20
0.43
1.33
0.65
1.12
1.26
16.07
2.46
0.23
0.48
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Statistics on occupational diseases
Workers receiving
Examined workers Occupational diseases
compensation
The year of 2005
The year of 2005
28653
53683
1123 (3.92 %) 700 (62.33 %)
948 (1.77 %) 318 (33.54 %)
Source: Preventive Medicine Dept.
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CONCLUTION
 There were 82.7 % of the total reported
enterprises not organize health check up.
 70 % of their workers did not have health
check up and occupational diseases
examination;
 Workers classified as weak and very weak
categorizes is still at high level (9 to 12.5 %).
 The
prevalence
of
some
common
occupational diseases is still at high level
 A lot of workers suffering occupational
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diseases have not received insurance
ORGANIZATION STRUCTURE OF
NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF LABOUR PROTECTION
(2007-2010)
MINISTRY OF
HEALTH
VIETNAM GENERRAL
CONFEDERATION OF LABOUR
SCIENTIFIC
COUNCIL
SCIENTIFIC
COUNCIL
NILP
RESEARCH
SECTOR
SERVICES
SECTOR
CENTRE FOR
HEALTH AND
HUMAN
SCIENCES
OCUPATIONAL
CLINIC
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 The tasks and functions of Clinic.
 Carry out health check up for workers
 Supply occupational diseases examination
services and treatment for workers
 Carry out working environment auditing
 Do consultation in the field of occupational
health
 Type of services:
 Carryout services at located address of clinic
 Supply services at enterprises by mobile clinic
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PHÒNG KHÁM SỨC KHỎE NGHỀ NGHIỆP
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Dental Unit
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X ray and functions
exploration Unit
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Biochemistry and
hematology Unit
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Mobile
services
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THANK YOU FOR
YOUR ATTENTION!
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the situation of occupational health in vietnam