Zagreb, September 2013.
MARINE AQUACULTURE IN CROATIA
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Croatia has got 5.800 km of Adriatic coast
Relief, climate
The fishing tradition
Food and health reasons
Compatibility with other activities
• Aquaculture involves farming:
- Oily fish (tuna 40%)
- White fish (sea bass and sea bream 21% 10%)
- Shellfish (mussels, oysters and 28% of 1%).
Total annual aquaculture production is about 10.000 tons,
worth about 80 million euros!
Marine aquaculture in Croatia
Production 2012.:
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tuna 2.200 t
white fish 5.000 t
shellfish 2.000 t
juvenile fish 14 million pieces
CLUSTER MARICULTURE
2008-2013.
Founded in Split at the end of 2008. – Ministry of economy's project (HIO) for 2008.
Gathers 99% of Croatian producers in aquaculture
Activities in 3 groups;
- Tuna farmers (4 members)
- The total annual production of 2200 t of tuna (100% RH), tuna exports to Japan
(100%), 500 employees directly + 1600 indirectly on 160 fishing vessels through the
catch and purchase of small pelagic fish (30.000 t in 2012.)
- White fish farmers (23 members)
- Total annual production: 5000 t of white fish (100% RH) and 20 million pieces of
fingerlings (100% RH), exports to Italy (50%), 600 direct employees
- Shells farmers (32 members)
- The total annual production of 2000 t shells (1950 t mussels + 50 t oysters)
150 direct employees, no exports
CLUSTER MARICULTURE
FINANCE AND PROPERTY CLUSTER
Property consists of income earned from:
• dues,
• voluntary contributions,
• funds received from the organizations and institutions that support the work
and activities of the association,
• funds received from the state budget or the budgets of cities and counties,
• funds received permissible economic activity,
• other income in accordance with law.
PROBLEMS WITH FINANCING
• government seeks employment of cluster manager
• there are no regulations for long-term financing of clusters
CLUSTER MARICULTURE
• Legislation
- the issuing, prolonging and intergration of concessions
- the use part of coastline for infrastructure
• Structual support measures
- development of new producers' facilities
- purchase of machinery and equipment to improve working conditions
on farms
- marketing activities
- educational workshops and presentations
- development of the study on the impact of aquaculture on the
environment
• Cooperation between science and farmers
CLUSTER MARICULTURE
Investments for 2013-2017.
• Tuna farmers
- equipment for freezing fresh fish for bait
- construction of new cages for farming
- construction of specialized vessels for aquaculture
- purchase of machinery for cleaning net
• White fish farmers
- construction of new cages for farming
- construction of specialized vessels for aquaculture
- purchase of machinery for cleaning net
CLUSTER MARICULTURE
• Shell farmers
- modernization of farms, building shipping-purification
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centers for shellfish
hatchery for oysters
construction of coastal infrastructure and road access to
the coast
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cluster mariculture