China Academy of Transportation Sciences Dr. Jia wenzheng March 07, 2012 1. Who we are? 2. Work Highlights 3. Research on Urban Transport China Academy of Transportation Sciences (CATS) • Established in : 1960 • Supervisor ： Ministry of Transport & Ministry of Science and Technology • Consisting of: total staff 588, including 451 professionals, 11 major research divisions Major Research Divisions Transport Development Research Center Transport Information Center Environment Protection and Safety Research Center Transportation Technical Consulting Center C A T S China Urban Sustainable Transport Research Center Logistics Research and Development Center Road Structure and Material Development Center Transport Economics and Financing Institute Standards and Measurement Research Center Information Research Center Information Technology Center • International Cooperation European Commissions Research and Innovative Technology Administration World Bank Asian Development Bank American Public Transportation Association Volvo Research and Educational Foundations US Energy Foundations VREF: UC Berkeley, GAMUT CIVITAS Global Dialogue German Aerospace Institute Lincoln Institute for Land Policy, USA UC Davis Land Transport Academy of Singapore Seoul Human Resource Center SEI … Urban Transport Research MOT post civil aviation Highway construction Long distance transport waterway Urban transport policy Bus Rail Taxi& Private car Change on March, 2008, from MOC to MOT A think tank to provide policy decision making and technical support to the central, MOT and local city level Urban Transport Research A policy think tank Policy & planning National public Transport standards A national urban transport information system & simulation lab Strong expertise of young, energetic research team, specialized in urban transport and policy studies A platform for international research exchange & communications An international information resource center A credible sciencebased policy research Urban Transport Research Guideline for transport institutional reform in Chinese central cities Urban transport database construction And public transport efficiency evaluation Draft the public transport regulation urban public transport planning model Public transport investment and subsidy policy public transport dispatching system （including taxi） TDM measures for Beijing Olympic Games” and result evaluation Preparation for the Construction of Urban Public Transport Standardization Committee Outline of urban passenger transport planning for the Twelfth-Five year plan Comprehensive transport planning in major cities （including BRT) such as Xi’an & Taiyuan National Policy guideline for promoting urban public transport priority development in China is issued in 2011 Public Transport Regulation to be issued in 2012 • Supporting the draft on Public Transport Regulation led by Road Transport Management Dept. of MOT. China Urban Transport Database (CUTD) City Level Ministry Level :China Urban Transport Database Application Policy making Decision support Beijing New York Operation Infrastructure Shanghai Finance Comparative analysis among cities Tokyo Energy consumption Zhengzhou …… Safety & emergency Performance evaluation of public transport Hongkong …… National Transit Metropolis Promoting the pilot program of The National Transit Metropolis • Initiating action plan of the national transit metropolis, 30 pilot cities by 2015. • Field surveys in typical candidate cities such as Harbin, Chengdu • Monitoring the process by developing the tools of China Urban Transport Database (CUTD) Gas Consumption Subsidy •About 40 billion RMB from Central Government in the past two year •Data collection. •The experience of NTD? Urban Passenger Transport Standardization •Preparation for establishing The National Committee for Urban Passenger Transport Standards (NCUPTS) , supervised by the State Commission for National Standards and MOT. •Established expert committee, 50 members from bus enterprises, rail operation enterprises, taxi enterprises, urban transport research institutes, and transport authorities. • Draft five year working plan of Urban Passenger Transport Standardization, particularly in safety and service quality of public transport, bus energy efficiency Rail Transit Beijing, 337 km Shanghai, 441 km Guangzhou, 236 km Tianjin Shenzhen Nanjing Chongqing Wuhan Changchun Dalian Chengdu Shenyang Ridership in 2010：5.57 billion Xian 15 mileage：1452 kilometers Metro 1.31% 1197 kilometers 2.75% 2.00% Light rail 167 kilometers Magnetic 29 kilometers Monorail 19 kilometers Tram 40 kilometers 11.50% 82.44% （by the end of 2010） Metro Light rail Magnetic Monorail Tram High daily Ridership It is a great challenge to develop a safer and efficient urban rail networks in Chinese cities 18 Safety and security issues Safety Audits? Safety Assessment? Financial sustainability All money are from Local Government the capital cost is about 600 million RMB per kilometer, about $59 million per mile 1.52 billon operating subsidy in 2009 in Beijing Thank you for your attention!