33rd APEC Transportation Working Group
Tokyo, Japan
October 10-14 2010
Title: Update on United States
Small Vessel Security Activities
Presenter’s Name: Sean K. Moon
Economy: United States of America
33rd APEC Transportation Working Group,
Tokyo, Japan, October 10-14 2010
• The U.S. Department of Homeland Security released it’s
Small Vessel Security Strategy (SVSS) in April, 2008.
• Overarching goals are to:
– Enhance maritime security based on a coherent framework with a
layered, innovative approach;
– Develop and leverage a strong partnership with the
small vessel community and public and private sectors
in order to enhance maritime domain awareness;
– Leverage technology to enhance the ability to detect,
infer intent, and when necessary, interdict small
vessels that pose a maritime security threat;
– Enhance cooperation among international, federal,
state, local, and tribal partners and the private sector.
JAPAN 2010
33rd APEC Transportation Working Group,
Tokyo, Japan, October 10-14 2010
Potential Small Vessel Threats/Risks Addressed Include:
 Waterborne Improvised Explosive Device
 Conveyance to smuggle WMD
 Conveyance to smuggle terrorists
 Platform for standoff weapons attack
• USS COLE
• M/V LIMBURG
• USS THE SULLIVANS
• Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE)
• SEABOURNE SPIRIT
• Mumbai Attacks
JAPAN 2010
33rd APEC Transportation Working Group,
Tokyo, Japan, October 10-14 2010
SVSS Goals and Objectives:
A. Partner with the small vessel community.
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Provide for an ongoing dialogue.
Expand relationships with other maritime organizations.
Educate small vessel community with lessons-learned system.
Leverage existing programs for security and safety training.
Increase public awareness of America’s Waterway Watch (AWW).
B. Enhance maritime security & safety.
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Improve small vessel detection and tracking capabilities.
Expand and enhance maritime rad/nuc detection capabilities.
Increase reporting compliance with advanced data submission.
Improve data collection and sharing on small vessels and operators.
Improve data analysis capabilities to target high-risk small vessels.
Improve security for critical infrastructure and key resources.
JAPAN 2010
33rd APEC Transportation Working Group,
Tokyo, Japan, October 10-14 2010
SVSS Goals and Objectives:
C. Leverage Technology.
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Research low-cost, non-intrusive, small vessel ID systems,.
Develop anomaly detection and automated scene understanding.
Research improved methods of protecting CI/KR.
Improve ability to respond to security and safety zones intrusions.
Research and invest in maritime rad/nuc detection technology.
D. Enhance coordination between security partners and stakeholders.
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Improve coordinated operations for small vessel interdiction.
Leverage partnerships through sharing of information.
Combine bi-national efforts in cooperative patrol and enforcement.
Make it a priority to assign officers and intelligence analysts from the
USCG, CBP, and ICE to participating fusion centers.
Strengthen Area Maritime Security Plans.
JAPAN 2010
33rd APEC Transportation Working Group,
Tokyo, Japan, October 10-14 2010
Since release, DHS has been developing
an SVSS Implementation Plan (SVSS IP).
– Outlines specific activities necessary to achieve
each goal/objective.
– Encompasses short (<5 year) and long (>5 year)
activities.
– Provides for broad U.S. Government/
interagency coordination.
Will be released in two versions:
– A security-controlled internal version.
– A somewhat less detailed public report.
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CRITICAL to public outreach and partnership, a cornerstone
of the SVSS vision.
Currently with the Secretary of the Department of
Homeland Security awaiting final approval.
JAPAN 2010
33rd APEC Transportation Working Group,
Tokyo, Japan, October 10-14 2010
While SVSS IP has been in development, actual implementation of critical
actions has been ongoing:
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An expanded Citizen Action Network has been combined with Operation Focused Lens maritime
patrol presence increases to enhance America’s Waterway Watch. The expanded program was
tested ruing 2010 Winter Olympics. Provided excellent maritime domain awareness.
Successful field tests in Puget Sound and California of operational concepts and technologies to
detect and thwart nuclear material transport by small vessels.
The International Maritime Organization (IMO) Non-Mandatory Guidelines on Security Aspects of
the Operation of Vessels Which Do Not Fall Within the Scope of SOLAS Chapter XI-2 and the
ISPS Code have been used to revise the National Association of State Boating Law
Administrators’ standards of training for boat operators and in the U.S. Power Squadrons’ training
materials. Training that meets the guidelines will expand operator’s knowledge of small vessel
security when operating out of their normal home ports in the U.S. or abroad.
Ongoing prototype development for Small Vessel Tracking to enable vessel information queries
prior to boardings suing low-cost tracking technologies such as Radio Frequency Identification
Devices (RFID).
Ongoing prototype development for Shipboard Automatic Identification System (AIS) and Radar
Contact Reporting (SARCR). In partnership with several shipping companies and cruise lines,
low-cost system provides a persistent 360 degree situational awareness with remote monitoring.
Applicable to domain awareness, anti-piracy, etc.
JAPAN 2010
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Update on United States Small Vessel Security Activities