Research and Innovation in Cyprus
InnoFun 3rd Work Summit, Nicosia Univ. of Cyprus, 26th September 2013
Dr Panayiotis Philimis, Vice-President CARIE
Cyprus – Innovation Strategy
• 2004: Development
Strategy for Cyprus
of
Innovation
• 2005: The Minister Council approves the
Strategy and Action Plan
• 2008: The Target in R&D Expenditure is
set to 1% for 2020
• 2010: The Target is revised in R&D
Expenditure to 0.5% for 2020
2010: 26th in EU-27 !!!
Indicator
Year
1992 1998 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Expenditure in RTD
% of GDP
%
0,18 0,22 0,24 0,25 0,30 0,35 0,37 0,40 0,43 0,44 0,42 0,49 0,50
Page  2
% Euro to Cypriot SMEs in FP7
31.1% : 2nd in EU-27 !!!
Eighth Progress Report on SME’s participation (2007 – 2011)
European Commission: Research & Innovation
Page  3
% Euro to Cypriot SMEs in FP7
Latest Report 2012: Increase to 35.4% !!!
Publication RPF
2012
Page  4
Global Innovation Index 2011
Country
Overall
Innovation
Inputs
Innovation
Performance
1
Singapore
2.45
2.89
2.01
2
Switzerland
2.16
1.52
2.75
3
South Korea
2.15
1.75
2.55
4
Iceland
2.11
2.21
2.01
5
Finland
2.02
2.01
2.02
6
Hong Kong
1.82
1.77
1.85
7
Ireland
1.81
1.78
1.84
8
Japan
1.80
1.28
2.25
9
United States
1.66
1.16
2.16
10
Sweden
1.56
1.25
1.88
11
Netherlands
1.54
1.40
1.55
12
Denmark
1.52
1.55
1.49
13
Luxembourg
1.52
1.02
2.03
14
Israel
1.44
1.34
1.43
15
Canada
1.36
1.39
1.32
16
United Kingdom
1.35
1.33
1.37
17
Austria
1.16
1.16
1.12
18
Norway
1.15
1.16
1.11
19
France
1.06
1.17
0.96
20
Spain
1.03
1.02
1.03
21
China
1.03
0.06
1.96
22
Malaysia
0.96
0.89
1.01
23
Australia
0.93
0.89
1.05
24
Estonia
0.91
1.50
0.25
25
Belgium
0.86
0.85
0.79
26
Germany
0.81
0.79
0.84
27
New Zealand
0.77
0.79
0.69
28
Cyprus
0.63
0.64
0.56
Rank
Page  5
(By Boston Consulting Group 2011)
Boston Consulting Group + National Association of
Manufacturers + Manufacturing Institute.
Ranked 28th Globally !!!
Global Innovation Index 2011
(By INSEAD 2011)
Ranked 27th Globally !!!
Page  6
The Global Innovation Index 2011
Global Innovation Index - Rank
Rank
Score
Government Effectiveness
Employment In knowledge-intensuve services
GERD pervormed by business enterprise
Researchers
Gross expenditure on R&D (GERD)
University/industry collaboration on R&D
Time to start a business
Cost to start a business
Total 125 Countries
Page  7
2009
2010
45
32
2012
2011
28
27
46,5 %
47,9
INDICATOR POSITION
88,57
20
59,75
37
26,73
58
14,66
36
9,14
56
50,56
42
93,27
27
90,18
70
Innovation Scoreboard 2011
Page  8
Structure of Cyprus Research and Innovation - 2004
Page  9
Structure of Cyprus Research and Innovation - 2007
Council of Ministers
National Council of Research and Innovation (9)
Planning Bureau
Cyprus Scientific Council (19)
Research Promotion Foundation, RPF
Board of Directors (13)
PUBLIC SECTOR
Page  10
ENTERPRISES
ACADEMIA
RESEARCH ORGANISATIONS
Innovation Activities: Incubators Program
• Incubators Program 2003 - 2007
• 4 New Incubators Formed
• Program for new High-Tech Enterprises in Incubators
• 35 New enterprises were formed (19 are still operating)
• 64 New positions
• 27 Patents Granted !!!
Page  11
Innovation Activities 2003 – 2007 : Incubators Program
• Submit Business Plan
• Formation of Company
• € 200,000 funding (De-minimis)
o € 17,000 by the inventor
• 24 Months
• 2003-2007
• 2007 Transfer of programs to RPF
• Public Discussion in 2009
• PROGRAM FREEZED !!!
Page  12
Research & Innovation Activities 2008-2012: RPF
RPF Research and Innovation Funding to Enterprises
Calls: 2008, 2009, 2011
< 15% of the RPF Budget to Enterprises for 2008-2013 !!!
Page  13
Research and Innovation Activities 2008-2012: RPF
•
Innovation Networks
• Not Implemented by RPF
• Technology platforms
•
Mediation Centers
•
•
Not Implemented by RPF
•
European Social fund
Innovation Coupons
•
•
Intellectual property
•
Page  14
Consultancy Services (€5000)
Restricted to result of a Research program
2008
2009
2010
INNOVATION COUPONS
€
APPLICATIONS FUNDED
18
15
75000
23
9
45000
100000
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY
€
APPLICATIONS FUNDED
2008
6
1
24000
2009
FREEZED
2010
<5
80000
Innovation Awards
By OEB - RPF
CYPRUS EMPLOYERS AND INDUSTRIALISTS FEDERATION
Since 2007
•
•
•
•
Page  15
Primary Sector
Manufacturing Sector
Services Sector
Government Sector
CYPRUS ASSOCIATION OF RESEARCH AND INNOVATION ENTERPRISES
• Formed in 2010
• 30 Members
• Criteria:
• > 100,000€ Annual R&D Expenses or
• > 10% of Annual Income to R&D Expenses
• > 15% of Operational Expenses to R&D the
last 2 years
Page  16
CARIE Immediate Targets
Increase the Research and Innovation Activities in Enterprises
Promote the Support by Government to Enterprises in R&D Activities
Development of Research and Innovation Infrastructures in Enterprises
Increase of Researchers Employed in Enterprises
Promote collaboration with Academia, RO &Public Bodies - Technology Transfer
Page  17
Research and Innovation Sectors
Information Communication Technologies ICT
Manufacturing
Production and Processes
Microelectronics & Microstructures
Energy
Health & Biotechnology
Environmental Technologies
Military and Security
Transportation
Scientific Services & Consulting
Page  18
Research Infrastructures - Laboratories
The Members of CARIE have invested in Research Infrastructures and labs
where High Level of Applied Research and Innovation Activities lead to
novel Products and Services for Global Markets.
• Researchers employed
> 200
• Research Infrastructure
> 20Μ €
• Funding from Government
< 5%
• Collaboration with other Organisations in EU
• High level of Applied Research and Innovation Activities and Training for
Design and Development of Novel Products and Services
Page  19
Statistics
Scientific Research Staff
• 20% PhD
• 70% Masters
• 10% Batchelors
Patents / Trademarks
• > 50 International patents
• > 30 Trade marks
Scientific Publications
• > 600 presentations in International Conferences
• > 200 articles in peer reviewed journals
• > 50 Βοοk Chapters
Evaluators/ Scientific
Experts
Page  20
•
•
•
•
•
•
Evaluators/Reviewers in FP7, REA, EUREKA, EUROSTARS, Intelligent Energy κ.α.
Evaluators of Research programs in other Countries
Scientific Experts για European Agencies (EDA), Scientific forums και Industrial initiatives
National Representatives in COST
Evaluators in Scientific Journals and Conferences
Members of EARTO
Activities of CARIE to promote the interests of its Members
• Meetings with Planning Bureau, RPF Director, ex. Financial Minister, General
Audit Officer, ex. Minister of Commerce & industry, several parliament
members, 3 Presidential Candidates etc.
• Tight Collaboration and Several meetings with Technology Sector in Ministry
of Commerce Tourism for the Design and Development of Innovation
Programs for 2012-2013 and for 2014 - 2020
• Promotion of Research and Innovation in Cypriot Enterprises through
presentations in Chambers of Commerce, Academia, Technology Exhibitions,
Scientific and Technological Conferences, workshops etc.
Page  21
Collaboration of CARIE with Technology Sector in Ministry
of Commerce, Industry and Tourism (MCIT)
INNOVATION CALL 2012 : 4 million Euro Budget
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Bottom Up Approach by MCIT
During the design of program several visits of MCIT Officers in > 50 enterprises
for getting first hand feedback of Innovation Activities
More than 10 meetings of CARIE Board members with MCIT officials
Announcement of innovation programs by MCIT in 2012
Several Workshops with large participation by enterprises
Submission of 83 eligible proposals for Innovation program in October 2012
from various Sectors of the Industry and Service Sectors (Horizontal Approach)
Sep. 2013 announced results: 43 Funded Innovation projects
Page  22
Collaboration of CARIE with Technology Sector in Ministry
of Commerce, Industry and Tourism (MCIT)
INNOVATION PROGRAMS FOR CYPRUS, 2014 – 2020
•
•
•
Bottom up Approach followed
Several Workshops, and meetings throughout Cyprus for a period of 1 year
Feedback from > 200 organisation from Enterprises, Associations, Incubators, Academia
and RO
PROPOSED
• Budget: 1Billion €, 600mil. € funding, contribution by Enterprises 400mil. €
• Five Main Programs
• Developemnt
of
Innovative
Products,
Services
and
Processes,
Employment/Training
• Startups (y-combinators etc…)
• Cooperation for Innovative Products, Services and Processes Developments
(Open Innovation etc.)
• Infrastructures (BIC, Innovation Centres, Clusters, Crowd Funding, Smart Cities,
Technology Transfer Centers, etc)
• Promotion of Innovation (innovation packages including support services,
promotional activities, patenting, product certifications, internationalization etc.)
Page  23
Collaboration of CARIE with Technology Sector in Ministry
of Commerce, Industry and Tourism (MCIT)
ΕΤΗΣΙΑ ΑΠΟΔΟΣΗ
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021
2022
2023
2024
2025
ΑΕΠ (Πρόβλεψη* σε δισ. ευρώ)
16.32
15.69
15.88
16.19
16.61
17.03
17.41
17.75
18.20
18.74
19.40
20.17
21.08
ΑΕΠ (Πρόβλεψη* σε %)
-8.8%
-3.9%
1.2%
2.0%
2.6%
2.5%
2.2%
2.0%
2.5%
3.0%
3.5%
4.0%
4.5%
0.125
0.120
0.145
0.140
0.165
0.140
0.165
0.98%
0.95%
1.27%
1.36%
1.68%
1.65%
1.97%
751
822
822
893
893
893
893
982
1080
1188
1307
1437
0.09
0.20
0.30
0.41
0.52
0.63
0.75
0.87
1.00
1.15
Συμβολή Προυπολογισμού Στρατηγικής
Kαινοτομίας σε ΑΕΠ (σε δισ. Ευρώ)
Συνεισφορά σε Δαπάνες για Έρευνα, Ανάπτυξη
και Καινοτομία (%)
Νέα καινοτόμα προϊόντα / υπηρεσίες
Συμβολή Νέων καινοτόμων προϊόντων /
υπηρεσίων σε ΑΕΠ (σε δισ. Ευρώ)
Νέες Καινοτόμες Επιχειρήσεις
81
96
140
159
208
227
275
303
333
366
403
443
0.02
0.04
0.06
0.10
0.14
0.18
0.24
0.30
0.36
0.44
0.52
0.61
5
7
7
9
9
9
9
Αύξηση ΑΕΠ (σε δισ. Ευρώ)
0.14
0.16
0.30
0.43
0.60
0.73
0.92
0.93
1.11
1.31
1.52
1.76
Αύξηση ΑΕΠ (%) - ΑΠΟΔΟΣΗ ΣΤΡΑΤΗΓΙΚΗΣ
0.9%
1.0%
1.8%
2.5%
3.4%
4.0%
4.9%
4.9%
5.6%
6.3%
7.0%
7.7%
Συμβολή Νέων καινοτόμων Επχειρήσεων σε ΑΕΠ
(σε δισ. Ευρώ)
Αριθμός συνεργασιών
Ενεργό Ανθρώπινο δυναμικό** (σε άτομα)
336,091
347,680
356,595
363,281
369,968
372,196
374,425
376,654
378,882
381,111
385,569
387,797
390,026
Άνεργοι (Πρόβλεψη** σε άτομα)
109,653
98,064
89,149
82,463
75,776
73,548
71,319
69,090
66,862
64,633
60,175
57,947
55,718
24.6%
22.0%
20.0%
18.5%
17.0%
16.5%
16.0%
15.5%
15.0%
14.5%
13.5%
13.0%
12.5%
14,741
17,690
3.3%
4.0%
0.76
0.88
152.1%
175.9%
Άνεργοι (Πρόβλεψη** σε %)
Συμβολή Στρατηγικής καινοτομίας στην Βιώσιμη
351
896
1,622
2,601
3,852
5,304
7,109
8,531
10,237
12,284
εργοδότηση (
Μείωση Ανεργίας επι του Συνόλου εργαζομένων
0.08%
0.20%
0.36%
0.58%
0.86%
1.2%
1.6%
1.9%
2.3%
2.8%
(%)
Αύξηση εξαγωγών καινοτόμων προϊόντων και
0.07
0.08
0.15
0.22
0.30
0.37
0.46
0.47
0.55
0.65
υπηρεσιών*** σε δισ. Ευρώ
Αύξηση εξαγωγών καινοτόμων προϊόντων και
14.1%
15.5%
30.2%
43.2%
60.1%
73.3%
92.5%
93.2%
111.0%
130.6%
υπηρεσιών*** σε %
* Source : Commission services calculation 2013 - 2020. Προβλέψεις 2021 - 2025 για ΑΕΠ βασίζεται στον κατά μέσο όρο αύξηση την τελευταία 10ετεία
** Προβλεψη για 2013 από πανεπιστίμιο Λευκωσίας. Από 2014 - 2025 βασίζεται σε μείωσεις που προβλέπονται βάση της ανάκαμψης της οικονομίας
*** Υφιστάμενες εξαγωγές (500 εκκατομύρια Ευρώ). Οι προβλέψεις βασίζονται σε 50% της απόδοσης των εισοδημάτων ΑΕΠ, να αναλογουν σε εξαγωγές νέων προιόντων και υπηρεσιών
Page  24
Collaboration of CARIE with Technology Sector in Ministry
of Commerce, Industry and Tourism (MCIT)
INNOVATION PROGRAMS FOR CYPRUS, Horizon 2014 – 2020
EXPECTED IMPACT
• 2.3 Billion € Total by 2020,
(8 Billion € by 2025)
• 2% R&D Annual Expenditure by 2020
(3% by 2025)
• 5% increase of GDP by 2020
(7.5% by 2025)
• 7100 new positions by 2020
(17700 by 2025)
• 0.46 Billion € (90%) increase in exports by 2020 (0.88 Billion €, 175% by 2025)
Page  25
WHAT SHALL BE DONE TO BOOST RESEARCH AND
INNOVATION ACTIVITIES IN CYPRUS
•
•
•
•
Bottom Up Approach by RPF and Planning Bureau – Lessons can be learned from MCIT
Results from FP7 shows that SMEs are 2nd in Europe. New vision and plan shall be
established for promoting and assisting the High-Tech Enterprises in participating in
Research and Innovation Programs in FP8.
Change R&D Expenditure Target to at least 2% of GDP for 2020. Can be achieved by:
• Allocation of at least 250 Million Euro for Innovation Activities from the Budget of
Structural / Cohesion funds for 2014-2020
• Tax Incentives will assist to increase by 0.5 -1% of R&D Expenditure (Not currently
declared by enterprises)
• Key to Success is the Development of Local Business & Innovation Centers to
Support Innovative Enterprises and build a new era in Innovation for economy growth
• Support and Upgrade the Technology Sector in MCIT
• Enterprise Members and Associations should participate in all Policy and Scientific
Committees that are related to Research and Innovation (Currently there is no
participations).
New Government should Implement a New Research and Innovation Strategy
including the Restructuring and Support of all relevant policy, funding and
promotion organisations i.e. Planning Bureau, Technology Sector in MCIT, RPF etc.
Page  26
CONTACT DETAILS
CYPRUS ASSOCIATION OF RESEARCH AND
INNOVATION ENTEPRISES
CARIE
P.O.Box. 21455, 1509 Nicosia,
Τel. 22-889800, Fax. 22-665685
www.cy-research.com
[email protected]
Page  27
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Research and Innovation in Cyprus