Historical Development of
Sports Medicine
The origins of sports medicine lie in
ancient Greece and ancient Rome where
physical education and athletic contests
was a part of youth – training and a part
of everyday life.
However, it was not until in 1928 at the
Olympics in St. Moritz, when a committee
came together to plan the First
International congress of Sports Medicine.
In the 5th century, however, the care of
athletes was primarily the responsibility of
specialists. These were trainer-coaches
and were considered to be experts on
diet, physical therapy, and hygiene as well
as on sport-specific techniques.
International and American
International Federation of Sports Medicine
American Academy of Family Physicians
National Athletic Trainers Association (1950)
American College of Sports Medicine (1954)
American Orthopaedic Society for Sports
Medicine (1972)
National Strength and Conditioning
Association (1978)
American Academy of Pediatrics, Sports
Committee (1979)
Sports Physical Therapy Section of APTA
NCAA Committee on Competitive
Safeguards and Medical Aspects of Sports
International Federation of Sports
Medicine (FIMS)
Federation Internationale de Medecine
Sportive (FIMS)
Principal purpose to promote the study
and development of sports medicine
throughout the world
American Academy of Family
Physicians (AAFP)
To promote and maintain high quality
standards for family doctors who are
providing continuing comprehensive
health care to the public
National Athletic Trainers
To enhance the quality of health care for
athletes and those engaged in physical
activity, and to advance the profession of
athletic training through education and
research in the prevention, evaluation,
management and rehabilitation of injuries
American College of Sports
Medicine (ACSM)
Interested in the study of all aspects of
Membership composed of medical
doctors, doctors of philosophy, physical
educators, athletic trainers, coaches,
exercise physiologists, biomechanists, and
others interested in sports
American Orthopaedic Society for
Sports Medicine (AOSSM)
To encourage and support scientific
research in orthopaedic sports medicine
and to develop methods for safer, more
productive and enjoyable fitness programs
and sports participation
National Strength and
Conditioning Association (NSCA)
To facilitate a professional exchange
of ideas in strength development as it
relates to the improvement of athletic
performance and fitness and to
enhance, enlighten, and advance the
field of strength and conditioning
American Academy of Pediatrics,
Sports Committee
Dedicated to providing the general
pediatrician and pediatric subspecialist
with an understanding of the basic
principles of sports medicine and fitness
and providing a forum for the discussion
of related issues
To educate all physicians, especially
pediatricians, about the special needs of
children who participate in sports
Historical Development in India
The field of sports medicine has been in
effect since around 800 to 100 B.C. when
the uses of therapeutic exercises were
described in the Arthava-Veda, a medical
booklet from India. With the popularity of
athletics increasing, the demand for those
knowledgeable in rehabilitating these
athletes also increased.
IASM was established in 1971 at National
Institute of Sports, Patiala, headquarter
situated at J.N. Stadium, New Delhi.
Indian Association of Sports Medicine is a
professional body, which encapsulates
professionals from all the diverse fields of
sports sciences.
The aim of IASM is to have a better
interaction between different categories of
sports scientists.
Objectives of IASM
To guide and assist in the promotion of
physical fitness among people.
To provide scientific guidance and
assistance to the sports fraternity,
regrading the medical and health aspects
of training in sports.
To conduct research in the field of sports
medicine, sports science & allied sciences.
Objective (cont)
To print and publish articles, periodicals
and pamphlets on topic related to sports
medicine & allied science.
To provide assistance in establishment a
National Institute of Sports Medicine at
the Headquarters of the IASM, and assist
the state units to establish sports medicine
centers or institute within their
Objective (cont)
To organize seminars, symposiums and
workshops in the Sports Medicine & allied
To get the IASM affiliated as a unit of the
FIMS (The International Federation of Sports
To organize and cause to organize state units
and to get them affiliated as members of
Objective (cont)
To do all such other acts congenial and
conductive to attain the objectives of the
IASM, and for the promotion of sports in
the country on a sound scientific basis.

Historical Development of Sports Medicine