IP for Scientists
Universities Allied for Essential
Medicines (UAEM)
UC Berkeley
• Patent law fundamentals
• Patenting @ Berkeley
• Office of Intellectual
Property & Industry
Research Alliances
• University patenting and
global health
• Who we are – UAEM
What is Intellectual Property?
• Intellectual Property (IP): person’s right to
have control over the things s/he creates.
• Examples of types of IP
The Balance of IP Law
IP is an attempt to balance between
providing financial incentive for innovation
and allowing for access to technologies
• Allow the public to
use and benefit from
the invention
• Promote research and
protect investments
• Create competition
Patent Law – Give and Take
What you give
• A written description of
your invention
• Enablement: disclose
how to make and use
your invention
• Best mode: disclose the
best mode of patenting
your invention
What you get
• An exclusive right to
exclude others from
making, selling, or using
your invention for a
limited period of time
• The power to assign or
license your rights to
someone else
What do universities do with patents?
Decision to Patent
License to Industry
• Licensing: letting a third party use the patented
technology under certain conditions
– Exclusive license
– Non-exclusive license
Patenting @ Berkeley
• Office of Intellectual Property &
Industry Research Alliances (IPIRA)
• Assistant Vice Chancellor Carol
Mimura, Ph.D.
• [Picture of building]
Office of Intellectual Property & Industry
Research Alliances (IPIRA)
(Assistant Vice Chancellor Carol Mimura )
Office of Technology
Licensing (OTL)
Industry Alliances
Office (IAO)
• One stop shop for industry-university
relations, including sponsored research
and intellectual property.
Contact IPIRA for…
• Disclose an invention
• Material transfer
• Sponsored research agreement
University Licensing & Global
Health: Why Should We Care?
• Gaps in Drug Development Pipeline
– Lack of research
– Lack of production
• Poor access
– High, unaffordable
– Lack of adaptive formulations for drugs
• Why? Business  profit-based incentives
• Result: Lack of access to life-saving drugs
What can universities do?
• Universities are major players in the drug
development field – 40-50% of pharmaceutical
industry’s new products rely on academic research.
What can Berkeley do?
• Berkeley - a history of public service
– "The distinctive mission of the University is to serve
society as a center of higher learning, providing longterm societal benefits through transmitting advanced
knowledge, discovering new knowledge, and
functioning as an active working repository of
organized knowledge.”
• Socially responsible licensing
Socially Responsible Licensing
• Maximize the social benefit of
discoveries made at Berkeley
through equitable licensing
• Example policies
– Royalty-free license terms for
products sold in developing world
– Requirement that licensees provide
low-cost therapies for free or for
minimal profit in developing world
– Private-public partnerships
(Peg Skorpinski photo)
Universities Allied for
Essential Medicines
• International student organization
• Two-fold Mission
– Ensuring access to
life-saving medicines
– Promoting research
on neglected diseases
• www.essentialmedicine.org
• http://uaem.berkeley.edu

Intellectual Property for Scientists, UC Berkeley, 2007