Research in Yellowstone Park Stacey Gunther Overview Each year… The Research Permit Office issues ~200 research permits Approximately 30-40 new research requests In 2010, researchers from 35 states and 5 foreign countries Bruce Fouke Research Permits 1954-2010 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 1954 1964 1974 1984 1994 2004 Research by Discipline Summer vs. Winter Most all research in Yellowstone occurs in summer months, between May-September. Only 20% researchers conduct studies yearround National Parks Omnibus Act of 1998 (Thomas Bill) “The Secretary [of the Interior]…is directed to assure that management of units of the National Park System is enhanced by the availability and utilization of a broad program of the highest quality science and information.” “The Secretary shall…assure the full and proper utilization of the results of scientific study for park management decisions.” Other Law and Policy that Regulates Research Activities National Environmental Policy Act Archeological Resources Protection Act National Historic Preservation Act Wilderness Act Code of Federal Regulations Permitting Requirements Research project must not adversely impact… public health and safety environmental or scenic values natural or cultural resources other scientific research implementation of management responsibilities proper allocation and use of facilities visitor use activities Permitting Requirements, contd. Researchers must be affiliated with a university, research facility, or government agency. Researchers must adhere to all park regulations and the conditions of their permit. Researchers are required to renew permit annually and complete an annual report. Must agree to supply NPS with copies of student theses, unpublished reports, and journal articles. University research studies provide the park valuable information The Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone is at least 140,000 years old. The things we can’t see might be valuable to society Over 40 patents involve YNP research A Virus in a Fungus in a Plant: Three-Way Symbiosis Required for Thermal Tolerance Luis M. Márquez,1 Regina S. Redman,2,3 Russell J. Rodriguez,2,4 Marilyn J. Roossinck1* Vicki Thompson holds a flask of the catalase enzyme her team discovered, that breaks down hydrogen peroxide into harmless oxygen and water. (INL photo) Someone actually studies (and cares about) nematodes that parasitize mosquito larvae Edward Platzer It’s easier to fish using an electrical current than it is with a fly rod. Otters are not only cute, but are important members of aquatic and terrestrial food webs. Jim Peaco-NPS You can learn a whole lot about wildlife populations, just by collecting animal poop Are you collecting over there, or making a deposit? Photos clockwise from top right-NPS, NPS, R. Raymond, F. Gardipee; inset photo Foos Photos from Top Left-J Merkl, Davis-NPS, J Merkl, NPS, Davis-NPS, Murphy Do You know what a bryophyte or slime mold is?? Cyanobacteria can reduce phosphonate to phosphate for cell growth and maintenance. Phosphonates are commonly found in herbicides, flame retardants, and plasticizers. Cyanobacteria are also photosynthetic by day, and at night when the sun goes down, they start metabolizing nitrogen. Photos courtesy of Ward Lab, MSU Funny things happen… Wolf reintroduction lead to increased research interest on northern range Dan Stahler-NPS Bob Landis Questions?