ONE STEP FURTHER
WHAT WE CAN LEARN FROM DI IN BULGARIA
AND HOW TO DEVELOP PREVENTIVE
SERVICES IN COOPERATION WITH
MUNICIPALITIES
RADOSTINA PANEVA
SOS CHILDREN`S VILLAGES INTERNATIONAL OFFICE CEE/CIS
Content
 Background information
 Process
 Practical steps
 Examples
p. 2
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Some statistic
p. 3
Type of institutions
Number of children in 2001
( action plan )
Number of children mid of
2013 (monitoring report )
homes for medico-social
care for children aged 0-3
3563
1378 ( 30 )
homes for children deprived 7145
of parental care aged from 3
to 18 years
1638 ( 57 )
homes for children with
mental retardation and 1
home for children with
physical disabilities
1184 ( 24 )
1905
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The beginning: 14 years ago
Reformation of the system and need of preventive services
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p. 4
Pilot projects – good practices in new services
Contributing to legal framework
Capacity building
Service provision – however services isolated and in
parallel
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Why cooperation between NGOs and
Municipality
 Know – how of NGOs
 Flexibility of NGOs
 Project funding does not allow long-term
development for the social services
 Municipalities as contracting authorities
p. 5
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Provision of preventive services
 Social services do not include education, healthcare,
etc.
 Social service providers can be NGOs, companies
or individuals
 All providers of social services (except
municipalities) have to register in a registry
 Services for children need a license
 Social services could be contracted by the
municipalities
p. 6
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Possible mechanism :Social contracting
 Role of the State : delegates the provision of social
services but continues to have the obligation for the
service:
•
•
•
Funding;
Control of the spending;
Control of the quality of the service.
 Role of the Municipality: contracting authority and
provision of the services
 Role of the NGOs: provision of the services
p. 7
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Planning, Funding, Evaluation criteria
 Planning
•
•
Decision of different levels: Municipality – Agency of social support –
Ministries
In line with regional strategy
 Funding
•
•
Signal standard
Social services funded by State or local budget
 Evaluation
•
Set of criteria: capacity, experience, financial stability
 Contracting
•
p. 8
Scope, price, rights of parties, reporting and monitoring
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Examples of preventive services
 Complex for social service for families
and children
 Center for social support
 Mother and baby Units
 Center for social rehabilitation and
integration
p. 9
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Example from SOS CV Bulgaria
 Family strengthening service open with financial
support of EU – PHARE project
 Cooperation with Child protection departments
 Assess needs of this service
 Open the call and contracting
p. 10
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Renewal of De-I in 2009
 Strategic framework:
•
•
National strategy “Vision for de-institutionalisation of
children in Bulgaria”, approved by Ministry Council
Action plan, including projects
 Inter-ministerial working group and expert group
 Participation of NGOs:
•
•
•
p. 11
Monitoring bodies
Implementation of projects
Providing of services
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Project “Direction – Family’
 De-I of 2050 babies from 32 Infant Homes
 Indicative budget 27,5 mil Euro
 The plan for 2011 – 2017
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•
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p. 12
270 babies with disabilities (10 per region) and 630 without reintegrated with family;
18 new Mother and Baby Units to prevent abandonment;
30 new day care places per region - 840 places;
630 children adopted following foster care;
360 babies with disabilities placed into specialized foster care;
160 babies with disabilities placed in FTPCs;
4 more crisis centres
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Project “Direction – Family
 Implementation:
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p. 13
8 piloted Infant homes are closed
Organized new services
2012 – 540 children; in 2014 – 90 children
Gate keeping: from 91 in 2012 to 21 in 2013
More attention on alternatives in other regions as well
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Lessons learned
 Developed preventive services is a good base for closing
institutions
 Ring-fencing the money from closed institutions in new
services
 Prevention and family support need strengthening even in
regions with comparatively developed networks of community
based support services
 Prevention services need programme budget
 Break the traditional understanding of municipalities as
employers
 Use experience of NGOs and work together
p. 14
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“Good things happen when people do more than they
have to.”
Radostina Paneva
[email protected]
p. 15
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