AS DEFORESTATION INTENSIFIES
TACKLE
FUEL, WE
FROM
THEDIMINISHING
FIELDS WOOD FUEL SUPPLY BY
I MASSIVE
AM
ILIANE
FROM
H
AITI
TRAININGTHIS
AITIAN
FARMERS
TO M
TURN
CROP
WASTE
INTO
AFFORDABLE
IH
HAVE
YET
IS WHY
70%
SEEN
I DECIDED
THE
OFTOH
AITIANS
TO
WORK
RELY
DEFORESTATION
ON
WITH
WOOD
FUEL
FOR
OF
FROM
MY
COOKING
COUNTRY
THE FIELDSCOOKING
WHICH
LEADS
EROSION
THAT
DECREASES
OUR
HARVESTS
R
(E
USA)  E
(A
E
R
)  M
(C
T
H )J
(C E
CHARCOAL
FOR
THEIR
COMMUNITIES
.
USA)  M
(M
Z
)  Z
(U
P
USA)
YAN
NTREPRENEUR FROM
PHREM
FROM
GRICULTURAL NGINEER FROM WANDA
UTALE
ILLER FROM AMBIA
ILIANE
ACH
HARCOAL RAINER FROM
RBAN LANNER FROM
AITI
ESSICA
IVIL NGINEER
THE CHALLENGE
Haiti
Dominican
Republic
98% deforestation
=
increase in fuel cost
A TAILORED SOLUTION
Unused
crop
waste
is
andin
made
into
charcoal
briquettes,
35%-40%
The
largest
ofbarriers
the
wood
tocarbonized
charcoal
dissemination
used
are
Haiti
1) crop
comes
waste
from
availability,
producers
and
inbecoming
the
2) lack
Dominican
ofana
income-generating,
alternate source of energy.
Republic.
clear
path to commercialization.
THE USER
Fuel Data / Household
Quantity:
2 large cans / day
Expenses on charcoal:
$0.38-$1.25 / day
(Up to 40% of income)
Time spent cooking:
3 hr / day
Where they buy from:
Market, street & home delivery
End User: Cooking mothers purchase charcoal and have shown interest in the
environment during sales tests, but may not pay extra for non-wood charcoal.
Identification /
Microfinance
Training /
Production
THE PLAN
Transport /
Distribution
Marketing /
Sales
Profit Sharing
Farmer Co-ops
>10 ha of cropland
<20 km of market
Bon Chabon
(“good charcoal” in Kreyòl)
Fuel
from
theaFields
works with local
to identify
interested
farmer
Co-ops
form
micro-enterprise
calledpartners
“Bon Chabon,”
which
collectively
has enough
cooperatives
in the
Central Plateau
of Haiti.
land to support
production
and is located
to minimize transport costs.
Identification
Identification //
Microfinance
Microfinance
Training
Training //
Production
Production
Transport
Transport //
Distribution
Distribution
Marketing
Marketing //
Sales
Sales
Profit Sharing
Sharing
Profit
Fuel
Fuelfrom
fromthe
theFields
Fieldshelps advertise,
(non-profit)
establish
market linkages
$
Bon Chabon
(“good charcoal”
in Kreyòl)
(for-profit,
community-owned)
BON
$
CHABO
$
N
$
CO2 Credits?
Partner with agronomists
$
$
Microfinance
Bon
Chabon’s
operations
are
sustained
by
charcoal
sales.
We
may
recover
some
costs
Funds
arewith
pooled
together
to
purchase
equipment.
We
continue
partnering
with
Participating
co-ops
buy shares
in
the
community-owned
enterprise
through
Retailers
receive
adevelop
margin
of
sales
revenue.
Profits
are
shared
by
Bon
Chabon
based
Together,
we
will
the
supply
chain,
negotiate
transport
arrangements
and
Working
We
support
Bon
local
Chabon
agronomists
in
initial
helps
advertising
us
train
activities,
farmers
in
such
increasing
as
packaging
crop
yields
design
and
andon
from
sales,
but
will supplement
with
other
revenue
streams.
universities
toparticipation.
further
develop
the
technologies
process.
microfinance
partners,
who
also
provide
management
training.
each co-op’s
identify
appropriate
charcoal
retailers
to
sell
ourand
product.
charcoal
building
awareness
production.
of
our
eco-friendly
charcoal.
SUPPLY CHAIN COMPARISON
Cost in $US per user per day
Traditional Wood Charcoal Value Chain
Value to Dominican Republic
Producer$0.25-$0.35Wholesaler
$0.13
$0.25
Value Staying in Haiti
Retailer
$0.40-$0.50
$0.45
End
User
$0.75
Crop Waste Briquette Value Chain
Value Staying in Haiti
Farmer/ Producer
Retailer
$0.14 - $0.20
$0.60
$0.39 - $0.45
End
User
20% Savings
to End User
$0.60
$0.15
By locating production near demand, the end user receives significant savings and
farmers earn supplemental income. The value created stays in Haiti.
OUR IMPACT: YEAR 1
10 Bon Chabon enterprises
100 tons of briquettes
displacing use of wood charcoal
156
families in the value chain
national crop waste potential = 40,000 tons of briquettes
$30k economic value
used to go to Dominican Republic
$10k
100 households’ fuel needs
Next Steps to Increase Impact:
Incorporate interested wood charcoal makers who are already established in the
market.
Investigate potential of pairing charcoal with fuel efficient stoves, food production
efforts and biochar.
THE PATH FORWARD: NEXT 9 MONTHS
Activity
End User &
Consumer Testing
Team &
Partnership Building
Fundraising &
Revenue Streams
Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr
Today 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2011 2011 2011 2011
Haiti:
Country / Partnerships Director (1)
Agronomists / Trainers (2)
Supply Chain Manager (1)
USA:
Program Director (1)
Pilot Implementation
(first 10 sites)
Need additional expertise in agronomy/environmental analysis, hire key Haitian
employee, and fundraise additional $65,000 for pilots.
ComeThanks
charcoal
with us!
make for
listening!
Contact:
Contact:
idds-fftf@mit.edu
idds-fftf@mit.edu
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fftf - International Development Design Summit