Caren Milloy, Head of Projects, JISC Collections
&
Ellen Collins, Research Officer, Research
Information Network
@oapenuk #oapenuk
58 HSS titles: 2006 - 2011
Experimental Group
(29 titles)
OA with CC licence
OAPEN Library
Publishers website
Institutional Repository
Google Books (100%)
Control Group
(29 titles)
Standard e-book
agreements
Publishers website
E-book aggregators
Google Books (10%)
Print version available for sale
E-book device friendly version available for sale
@oapenuk #oapenuk
The research programme
1.How policies, processes and mechanisms need
to change in order to enable OA publication of
monographs?
2.What are the measurable effects of a move to
OA monographs?
3.How do perceptions of OA monograph
publication change among participants during
the project?
@oapenuk #oapenuk
Research process
Initiation
OAPEN-UK Research Plan
Year 1 end
Ellen Collins, Research Information Network
Year 2 end
Project end
http://www.flickr.com/photos/stewart/461099066/
Focus groups
1. Institutional
representatives
including librarians,
institutional
repository staff,
research managers
2. Publishers
3. Learned Societies
4. Researchers (as both
authors & readers)
5. E-book aggregators
6. Research Funders
@oapenuk #oapenuk
Focus Groups: Key themes
Metadata: What is the metadata
Versioning, preservation & archiving:
required to support discovery,
What is the version of record, how is
purchase, libraries, research funders? it preserved (centrally?) and who
provides archival access?
Usage: data collection methods and
standards to support comparability
of data
Quality & prestige: impact of
perceptions on adoption of a OA
model and need to maintain
excellence
Methods of delivery: where should
OA monographs sit, in what formats,
with what functionality and using
what standards?
What do authors want: readership,
research dissemination, academic
prestige and reward including the
REF
Focus Groups: Key themes
Copyright: ownership, licensing
and rights associated with
images
International issues: not just
UK market, need to account for
territories, translation etc.
Impact on processes: policies,
mandates, funding routes,
payment and behaviour
Benefits of OA: how to
articulate opportunities; access
and costs savings?
Changing roles: who does what
in an OA model, what are the
roles for publishers, librarians
etc., which to keep, which to
start and which to discontinue?
Consistency: should licensing,
standards, peer review be
standardised? Does one size fit
all?
Focus Groups: Key themes
Ways to make OA profitable:
how can publishers / ebook
aggregators add value to
content? Overlay services
Risk: how will the financial,
reputational and quality risks
be overcome?
Funding: who pays and how?
Calculating costs: what is the
cost of an OA monograph and
is it the same for all
publishers, subjects?
The HSS researcher survey
About the respondents
Birth decade of survey respondents
30.0
27.1
25.0
23.0
23.0
21.6
Percentage
20.0
15.0
10.0
5.2
5.0
0.0
Before 1959
1960s
1970s
Decade
1980s and onwards
Missing
About the respondents
Career stage of survey respondents
30.0
26.5
25.0
20.3
Percentage
20.0
18.1
14.6
15.0
10.3
10.0
5.7
4.2
5.0
0.3
0.0
PhD
Post-doc
Assistant
professor
Associate
professor
Professor
Career stage
Researchers
outside
academia
Other
Missing
About the respondents
Region of residence of survey
respondents
Discipline of survey
respondents
90.0
70.0
82.3
80.0
60.0
60.0
70.0
50.0
40.0
Percentage
Percentage
60.0
38.8
30.0
50.0
40.0
30.0
20.0
20.0
10.0
1.2
10.0
Missing
0.0
0.0
Social sciences
Humanities
Discipline
7.7
UK
4.3
4.8
Rest of Europe North America Rest of world
Region
0.9
Missing
Open access awareness
Awareness of open access
60.0
53.8
50.0
38.7
Percentage
40.0
30.0
20.0
10.0
7.2
0.3
0.0
Never heard
Aware
Familiar
Awareness of open access
Missing
Open access awareness
Awareness of open access by career stage
70.0
62.0
60.0
54.6
54.5
52.9
52.0
51.3
50.0
Percentage
44.8
42.6
42.1
38.5
40.0
32.4
30.1
Never heard
30.0
Aware
Familiar
20.0
15.3
10.3
10.0
5.6
3.2
3.0
Assistant
professor
Associate
professor
4.3
0.0
PhD
Post-doc
Career stage
Professor
Researchers
outside
academia
Open access awareness
Awareness of open access by discipline
70.0
58.2
60.0
51.4
50.0
Percentage
42.0
40.0
Never heard
32.8
Aware
30.0
Familiar
20.0
10.0
8.6
6.5
0.0
Social sciences
Humanities
Discipline
Profits from publishing
Acceptability of publishing profit
60.0
52.5 51.3
50.0
Percentage
40.0
30.0
20.0 20.1
19.0
20.0
20.6
Open access
All publishing
10.0
3.5
4.3
3.6
3.2
0.0
No, not even if it is Yes, but only to cover
Yes, and it is
Yes, and it is
needed to cover
publishing costs acceptable to make a acceptable to make a
publishing costs
profit if that profit profit however you
goes back into
choose to spend it
supporting the
discipline (and, for OA
question, making
more open access
content available)
Acceptability of publishing profit
Don't know
Profits from publishing
Acceptability of publishing profit by career stage
70.0
No, not even if it is needed to
cover publishing costs
60.0
57.4
54.4
Yes, but only to cover
publishing costs
49.5
50.0
Percentage
53.8
53.6
40.0
32.4
29.6
30.0
28.2
27.9
24.0
23.2
21.1
20.8 21.8
Yes, and it is acceptable to
make a profit however you
choose to spend it
18.4
20.0
15.0
10.9
10.0
Yes, and it is acceptable to
make a profit if that profit
goes back into supporting the
discipline (and, for OA
question, making more open
access content available)
10.3
9.9
7.0
4.4
3.3
1.6
2.4
3.0
Don't know
4.0
0.7
2.1
2.6
0.0
0.0
PhD
Post-doc
Assistant
Associate
professor
professor
Career stage
Professor
Researchers
outside academia
Creative Commons
Creative Commons awareness
70.0
60.0
58.1
50.0
38.3
Percentage
40.0
30.0
20.0
10.0
3.6
0.0
Yes
No
Aware of Creative Commons licences?
Missing
Creative Commons
60.0
Willingess to publish with CC licence against CC awareness
50.1
50.0
42.8
42.1
Percentage
40.0
29.5
30.0
25.0
No, I don't know enough
about it
Maybe, I would need to
look into it
Yes, I would feel confident
about doing this
20.0
Don't know
10.0
6.0
2.7
1.7
0.0
Yes
No
Aware of Creative Commons licences?
Creative Commons
CC licences considered by researchers
100.0
90.0
78.8
80.0
70.0
63.5
57.7
Percentage
60.0
57.1
54.1
Yes
50.0
43.0
40.0
37.0
30.0
25.5
Don't know
23.5
22.3
20.0
No
19.1
12.2
13.9
15.7
11.0
13.3
10.0
6.5
8.7
0.0
CC BY
CC BY SA
CC BY ND
CC BY NC
CCl licence
CC BY NC SA
CC BY NC ND
Creative Commons
Researchers who are willing to consider use of CC licences
by their awareness of CC
100.0
90.0
84.8
76.9
80.0
70.0
58.1
Percentage
60.0
61.0
55.6
50.0
Aware
Not aware
40.0
29.4
27.9
30.0
28.0
22.7
20.0
15.5
16.7
15.9
10.0
0.0
CC_BY
CC_BY-SA
CC_BY_ND
CC_BY-NC
CC licence
CC_BY-NC-SA
CC BY-NC-ND
Conclusions
• Considerable potential for OAPEN-UK-style open
access model
• Focus groups positive
• Survey indicates potential
• But still many barriers still to overcome
• Technical and procedural issues
• Attitudinal issues
• Lack of clarity and policy
• Quality and trust
Thank you & Further Info
OAPEN-UK website:
http://oapenuk.jiscebooks.org/
Caren Milloy
[email protected]
Twitter:
@oapenuk
Ellen Collins
[email protected]
net.org
Diigo Group:
OAPEN-UK
@oapenuk #oapenuk
Download

The presentation is available to view online - oapen-uk