Federal Highway
Administration’s Truck Parking
AASHTO Sub Committee on Highway Transport
2013 Annual Meeting
July 9,2013
Tom Kearney
Freight Operations Program
FHWA Truck Parking Activities
A Number of Studies Have Been Completed on the Subject of the
Adequacy of Truck Parking Opportunities. Some of the larger efforts in
this area leading to the completion of Studies are:
• 1996: “Making Space for Safety” Study completed by FHWA’s Office
of Motor Carriers (OMC);
• 2000: National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) Completed a
Study entitled “Special Investigation Report: Truck Parking Areas”;
• 2002: FHWA Completes “Study of the Adequacy of Truck Parking
• 2003: National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP)
Completes the “Dealing with Truck Parking Demands” Study;
• 2012: FHWA Completes and Submits to Congress the “Commercial
Vehicle Parking Shortage” Study.
FHWA Truck Parking Activities
Findings from Studies –
• The 1996 “Making Space for Safety” identified the need for and
benefit of publicly supplied short-term spaces located within
highway the right-of-way and long-term parking spaces supplied by
private sector – a severe shortage of parking spaces was identified
in this Study;
• The 2002 FHWA “Adequacy Study” included a national inventory of
truck parking facilities and spaces and went on to highlight the
severity of the truck parking shortage and warned the shortage
would increase coupled with truck travel increases.
FHWA Truck Parking Activities
The NTSB Study of 2000 is of special interest. Federal Motor Carrier
Safety Administration (FMCSA), as a result of the Special Report,
initiated an investigation into technology based approaches to
developing solutions to the truck parking shortage challenge –
• FMCSA Undertook Phase I of the “Smart-Park” Research Project ,
the Results Underscored the Challenges in Using Technology to –
– Define CMV Dimensions;
– Detect Space Availability.
• FMCSA is Currently Progressing Phase II of their “Smart Park”
Research Project in Tennessee in the Commercial Motor Vehicle
Roadside Technology Corridor.
FHWA Truck Parking Activities
The “Report to Congress” completed and submitted in June, 2012,
included a finding common to all studies completed by USDOT and TRB
on truck parking needs –
• Congress required this six-month Study in Conference Report
accompanying the FY 2012 Appropriations Act;
• A number of studies completed by states and metropolitan
planning organizations (MPOs) were referenced in this Study;
• This Study included research results submitted by applicants to the
SAFETEA-LU Discretionary Program;
• The severity of truck parking space shortages and its linkage to
highway safety was articulated very well in a number of applications
FHWA received.
FHWA Truck Parking Activities
Truck Stops on the FAF3 Highway Network
FHWA Truck Parking Activities
Rest Areas on the FAF3 Highway Network
There are ~1700 miles1 of Interstate highway that are not
within 30 miles2 of a truck stop or rest area
Each direction of travel is counted
Great circle distance, not network distance
Parking Facility Source: FHWA Geocoded Database of Truck Stops, FHWA Geocoded Database of Truck Stops
FHWA Truck Parking Activities
SAFETEA-LU (PL 109-59) Section 1305 established the Truck Parking
Facilities Discretionary Program:
• Congress designated $25 million for this Program over the four
years of SAFETEA-LU’s operation;
• FHWA was able to fund close to $34 in projects with those funds
and funding made available through extensions of SAFETEA-LU
• Seven activities are identified in the SAFETEA-LU legislation as
eligible for funding through the Program.
FHWA Truck Parking Activities
SAFETEA-LU Section 1305 Eligible Projects –
(A) Constructing safety rest areas (as defined in section 120(c) of title 23, United States Code)
that include parking for commercial motor vehicles.
(B) Constructing commercial motor vehicle parking facilities adjacent to commercial truck
stops and travel plazas.
(C) Opening existing facilities to commercial motor vehicle parking, including inspection and
weigh stations and park-and-ride facilities.
(D) Promoting the availability of publicly or privately provided commercial motor vehicle
parking on the National Highway System using intelligent transportation systems and other
(E) Constructing turnouts along the National Highway System for commercial motor vehicles.
(F) Making capital improvements to public commercial motor vehicle parking facilities
currently closed on a seasonal basis to allow the facilities to remain open year-round.
(G) Improving the geometric design of interchanges on the National Highway System to
improve access to commercial motor vehicle parking facilities.
FHWA Truck Parking Activities
SAFETEA-LU Section 1305 Truck Parking Facilities Program produced –
– Applications totaling more than $231 million requesting funding
through the program;
– Awards totaling close to $34 million;
– A diverse set of project types being funded:
• ITS based space availability detection and broadcast;
• Truck parking space construction;
• Enhancements enabling year-round use.
FHWA Truck Parking Activities
SAFETEA-LU Section 1305 Discretionary Program:
– Over $20 million in funds awarded to projects developing and
delivering ITS based solutions;
– I-95 Corridor Coalition (seven state corridor from CT to NC) and
Caltrans’ I-5 projects were first awards made under the
– I-95 CC project links space availability detection to Traffic
Management Centers as means to make drivers aware of
parking opportunities;
– Caltrans I-5 project includes a reservation based approach for
procuring a truck parking space.
FHWA Truck Parking Activities
SAFETEA-LU Section 1305 Discretionary Program:
– Truck parking space construction was the focus of awards made
in FY 2011 and 2012 –
• 324 new spaces are being built through the 6 awards made
in FY 2011;
• Another 103 spaces will be built through awards made to 4
projects in FY 2012;
• 60 short-term truck parking spaces in Colorado at Dotsero
on I-70 were converted to long-term spaces through the
provision of enhancements at an existing site.
FHWA Truck Parking Activities
Program Changes Under MAP-21:
• SAFETEA-LU’s Truck Parking Discretionary Program was not
continued under MAP-21;
• The Discretionary Program was converted to the “core” Federal-aid
Highway Program;
• The seven eligible activities identified under SAFETEA-LU Section
1305 are eligible for National Highway Performance Program,
Surface Transportation Assistance Act and Highway Safety
Improvement Program funds under MAP-21;
FHWA Truck Parking Activities
Program Changes Under MAP-21 (continued):
• More funding is thereby made available for truck parking projects;
• Sponsors of projects must now advance their projects like other
Federal-aid eligible projects –
– Project must be advanced through the metropolitan planning
process and added to the TIP (in urban areas) or advanced
through the statewide planning process (in rural areas)
ultimately being added to the state’s STIP;
– Projects must compete for funding with other project needs.
• Language on Truck Parking can be found in Section 1401 of MAP-21
(PL 112-141) entitled “Jason’s Law”.
FHWA Truck Parking Activities
Section 1401(c) of MAP-21 requires the completion of a Survey and
Comparative Assessment of Truck Parking Needs:
– The statutory language requires the Secretary of Transportation
to deliver a Report to Congress presenting findings on the
adequacy of truck parking facilities serving interstate truck
– Findings must address:
• Assess the capability of each state to meet truck parking
• Estimate the volume of truck travel in each state;
• Develop metrics measuring the adequacy of truck parking
facility supply.
FHWA Truck Parking Activities
Outreach and Collaboration are the key elements for successfully completing
the requirements contained in the Survey and Comparative Study:
• A survey will be prepared and operated with outreach to trucking industry,
truck drivers, state cmv safety program personnel, law enforcement and
private facility owners and operators;
• A Federal Register Notice laying out FHWA’s intended approach to
conducting is open for comment through August , 2013;
• The Survey will be conducted this fall;
• A Workshop involving key stakeholders will be convened to identify
metrics designed to measure the adequacy of truck parking and rest
facilities in each state;
• The Workshop will be conducted in August or September, 2013;
• We need your help in completing this undertaking!
FHWA Truck Parking Activities
Smart Roadside Prototype Development Project:
– Research Project Supported Through USDOT’s Strategic ITS
Research Program;
– FHWA, FMCSA and the Joint ITS Program Office are leading this
– Development of an interface with ITS based Truck Parking
Detection/Notification Systems is included as a component
under SRI Prototype Application;
– The SRI Prototype Application is in the Design Phase; a “walkthrough” focusing on the Design Document was recently
– Completion of application development, field testing and
preparation of documentation are scheduled through the spring
of 2014.
FHWA Truck Parking Activities
For more information, contact –
Tom Kearney
Freight Operations Program Manager
[email protected]
(518) 431 - 8890

FHWA Truck Parking Activities - Subcommittee on Highway Transport