Water Policy 16 (2014) i–iii Irrigation water governance in practice: the case of the Canale Emiliano-Romagnolo district, Italy Appendix 1: list of interviewees Name Position in the organization – Public officer in the Water Protection Division Organization Regional Department of the Environment Assessorato Ambiente Regione Emilia Romagna – Servizio Tutela e Risanamento Risorsa Acqua Giapponesi Andrea Public officer in the Research, Innovation and Regional Department of Agriculture Assessorato Agriculture Promotion Division Agricoltura Regione Emilia-Romagna - Servizio ricerca, innovazione e promozione del sistema agroalimentare Dal Monte Andrea Vice-Director Farm CAB Massari (Cooperativa Agricola Braccianti Massari) Pederzoli Antonio Technician Farm CAB Massari (Cooperativa Agricola Braccianti Massari) Peri Piero Chief of the Environment Division Farmer labour union CIA (Confederazione Italiana Agricoltori) Emilia-Romagna Fabbri Alessandro Chief of Agrarian Technical Division - Planning Land reclamation consortium Consorzio di Bonifica and Execution of Infrastructural Works della Romagna Prometti Laura Officer in Environment and Spatial Planning Land reclamation consortium Consorzio di Bonifica Division della Romagna Turci Marco Officer in Territorial and Irrigation Management Land reclamation consortium Consorzio di Bonifica Division della Romagna Piva Alessandro Chief of the Technical-Agronomic Division Producer organization CIO (Consorzio Interregionale Ortofrutticoli) Reggidori President Producer organization APO CONERPO – Giampiero Organizzazione Produttori Ortofrutticoli - Centro Ricerche Produzioni Vegetali dell’Emilia-Romagna Mannini Paolo Director of Agronomic-Environment Division CER land reclamation consortium Consorzio di Bonifica di Secondo Grado per il Canale EmilianoRomagnolo © IWA Publishing 2014 ii S. Munaretto and A. Battilani / Water Policy 16 (2014) i–iii Appendix 2: questionnaire Background information on the interviewee (1) (2) What is the role of your organization in water management in general and irrigation water management specifically? What is your position within the organization? Current irrigation water governance structure Actors and coalitions (1) (2) (3) (4) How is the irrigation water management system organized in general and in your district specifically (i.e. who is responsible for what and at which organizational level)? Are private organizations (e.g. farmers associations, environmental NGOs) involved in irrigation water management? If, yes, who are they and what is their formal and informal role? Do public organizations cooperate for irrigation water management? If yes, which forms of cooperation are in place (agreements, cooperation established by law, etc.)? Do public and private organizations cooperate for irrigation water management? If yes, which forms of cooperation are in place (agreements, partnerships, etc.)? Resources (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) In your opinion, are irrigation water management responsibilities clearly defined and allocated? Are irrigation water management responsibilities overlapping (i.e. different organizations in charge of the same task)? If yes, how are common responsibilities dealt with (i.e. is there a cooperative attitude or are there conflicts and claims for authority)? In your opinion, which stakeholder(s) have major responsibility and/or influence in the irrigation water management system and why? How is their influence exercised? In your opinion, is knowledge and expertise on irrigation water management and water saving technologies sufficiently developed? If not, what do you think is the problem and why (e.g. lack of financial resources, lack of experts/expertise, lack of interest, difficulty to access and transfer new knowledge, lack of extension infrastructure)? Focus the question to the target technology to be adopted in the specific case study area. In your opinion, is knowledge and expertise on irrigation water management and water saving technologies progressing? If not, what do you think is the problem and why (e.g. lack of support for innovation, lack of sufficient integration of new technology in farming practices, lack of public–private partnerships linking farmers to private industry developing the new technologies)? Focus the question to the target technology to be adopted in the specific case study area. S. Munaretto and A. Battilani / Water Policy 16 (2014) i–iii iii Rules of the game (1) Which formal institutions (i.e. laws, regulations, policies and procedures) are important for irrigation water management? (2) Which informal institutions (i.e. rules that are created, communicated and enforced outside of officially sanctioned channels) such as standard practice, cultural rules, local habits of dealing with each other and with irrigation water exist and have an influence on irrigation water management? Examples include water use rights that have been passed on for generations but never formally granted by law, or water trade practices among farmers that are not regulated be law, and alike. (3) Have any irrigation water saving policies been adopted to improve irrigation water efficiency and increase water saving? If yes, can you list and describe them? Discourses (1) Is there a water shortage in your region or not? (2) Is water wasted or used efficiently at the moment? (3) Who are the bigger users, and how efficient are they in your opinion? (4) Do you think that the price that water users pay is right or not? Why? (5) Is water efficiency an important issue in your organization? Why? (6) Does your organization see the need to be more efficient? Why? (7) Does your organization consider greater efficiency technologically feasible? (8) What is your personal take on sustainable and efficient irrigation water management? (9) Can you identify the main argument(s) supporting the current (irrigation) water policies and those supporting the reform of these policies? Prospects for improving irrigation water governance (1) What is your personal opinion of the current (irrigation) water policy system? (2) What do you think are the current major incentives and disincentives to irrigation water efficiency, if any? (3) What do you think should be changed in the current water management system, if anything? (4) How do you think current water policies could be improved? (5) Consider these two categories of policy instruments: lenient (such as government communications, voluntary agreements and subsidies) and stringent (such as water rights regulations and water taxations). Which typology do you think has more chance to be adopted and efficiently implemented in your region? Why? By whom and how?