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Causes
O 1763: Invention of the Cotton Gin
O Why is this a Cause?
Causes
O 1803 – Louisiana Purchase
O Manifest Destiny
Why is this a Cause?
Causes
O 1820 – Missouri Compromise
O Missouri wanted to enter as a slave state but
it would upset the balance of representation
O Missouri enters as a slave state
O Maine enters as a free state
Causes
Causes
O 1832 – Nullification Crisis
O South Carolina nullified the tariffs and
threatened to secede
O President Jackson lowered the tariffs
Causes
O 1850 – Compromise of 1850
O California enters as a free state
O Mexican cession decides by popular
sovereignty
O Fugitive Slave Act
O Runaways had to be returned
Causes
O 1852 – Uncle Tom’s Cabin
O Written by Harriet Beecher Stowe
O Upset the North and more joined against
slavery
Causes
O 1854 – Kansas Nebraska Act
O Kansas and Nebraska would decide by
popular sovereignty
O Voids the Missouri Compromise
Causes
O 1855 – Bleeding Kansas
O Battle between pro-slavery and anti-slavery
forces over how Kansas will end up
Causes
O 1857 – Dred Scott v Sanford
O Dred Scott sues for freedom
O Goes to Supreme Court
O SC says “He can’t sue because he is
property”
Causes
O 1859 – John Brown’s Raid
O Tried to steal guns from an arsenal to give to
slaves
O He was unsuccessful
Causes
O 1860 – Abraham Lincoln is elected
Events
O 1861 – Ft. Sumter
O First shots of the Civil War
Events
O 1862 - Battle of Antietam
O Bloodiest one day battle
O Bloody bridge
O The North was able to keep the South from
advancing
Events
O 1863 – Battle of Gettysburg
O Bloodiest 3 day battle
O Turning Point
O The south lost too many men and would never
recover
Events
O 1863 – Battle of Vicksburg
O The North gains control of the Mississippi
River
Events
O 1865 – Surrender at Appomattox Court
House
Effects
O Reconstruction
O 13th – Frees all slaves
O 14th Citizenship
O 15th the right to vote for men regardless of
race
Black Codes
O Laws to hold African Americans down
Effects
O 1862 – Homestead Act
O Gave settlers 160 acres of land
O Had to stay for 5 years in order to own the
land
Effects
O 1887 Dawes Act
O Gave land to Native Americans if they would
farm
Effects
O Morrill Act 1890
O Land grant to start colleges
Do Now
O Vote on which Gettysburg
Address sketch is best
O Don’t take them off the board!
Stop, Plop, and Roll
O Primary Docs from the surrender of the Civil
War
Comparison of Primary and
Secondary Docs
O Why are primary documents important?
O What did you learn about the surrender from
the primary docs? (3)
O What did you learn about the surrender from
the secondary doc? (3)