REPORTED SPEECH “I’m thirsty!” The boy says (that) he is thirsty. The boy said (that) he was thirsty. “The baby is sleeping.” She says (that) the baby is sleeping. She told me ( that ) the baby was sleeping. “We have washed the car.” They say ( that) they have washed the car. They said (that) they had washed the car. “I played football.” He says ( that) he played football. He said (that) he had played football. “We were dancing all night long.” They say they were dancing all night long. They said they had been dancing all night long. “I will try again next year.” He says he will try again next year. He said he would try again the following year. “I’m thirsty!” What is direct speech? “I’m thirsty!” What is direct speech? Direct speech is the exact words someone said. We use quotation marks (“ “) in direct speech. He said he was thirsty. What is reported speech? He said he was thirsty. What is reported speech? Reported speech is the exact meaning of what someone said. SAY/TELL SAY/TELL He said, “Jane is late again.” He said to me, “Jane is late again. ” He told me , “Jane is late again.” He said (that) Jane was late again. He said / told me/ that Jane was late again. He told me (that) Jane was late again. SAY - good morning/ afternoon/evening - something/nothing - one’s prayers - a few words - no more - so TELL - the truth - a lie - a secret - a story - the time - the difference - somebody the way - one’s fortune When the introductory verb is in a past tense , the verb tenses change as follows. The past perfect and past perfect continuous do not change in reported speech. Reported Statements Certain words and time expressions change as follows. They are introduced with say (that) or tell (that). Personal pronouns, possessive adjectives/pronouns change according to the meaning of the sentence. Direct Speech Present Simple “I am thirsty,” the boy said Present Continuous “He is sleeping,” she said. Present Perfect “I have washed the car,” he said. Past Simple “I played football ,” Tom said. Past Continuous “We were dancing all night long ,” she said. Future Simple “I will try again tomorrow ,” he said. Reported Speech Past Simple The boy said ( that) he was thirsty. Past Continuous She said he was sleeping. Past Perfect He said that he had washed the car. Past Perfect Tom said that he had played football. Past Perfect Continuous She said they had been dancing all night long. Conditional ( would) He said he would try again the next day. Direct Speech tonight, today, this week/month/year now yesterday, last night / week/month/year tomorrow/ next two days/ months/ years ago here come Reported Speech that night, that day, that week / month/ year then/ at that time the day before, the previous night, week/month/year the following two days/ months/ years before there go Tenses do not change in reported speech when: 1. The introductory verb ( say, tell, etc.) is in the present simple, future simple or present perfect. “I made a cake, “ Jane says. Jane says that she made a cake. 2. The speaker reports something a short time after it was said. “The car has broken down again, “ my sister said. My sister said that the car has broken down again. 3. Tenses can either change or remain the same in reported speech when the speaker reports a general truth, a law of nature or a permanent state. “The printing press was invented by Johann Gutenberg,” the teacher said. The teacher said that the printing press was/ had been invented by Johann Gutenberg. “Did Tom and Jane go to the cinema last night?” She asked me if /whether Tom and Jane had gone to the cinema the previous night. “Where did Tom and Jane go last night?” She asked me where Tom and Jane had gone the previous night. “Can you open the window?” She asked me if/whether I could open the window. “I’ll do the shopping.” She promised to do the shopping. “I won’t give you a lift.” He refused to give her a lift. “We’ve never caught such a big fish before.” They said ….. “You can find a lot of information on the Internet.” The teacher said …. “I’ll help you with the gardening , Mum.” She promised…. Rewrite the sentences in reported speech. 1. “There is no one at home,” he said. 2. “The Wilsons have gone on holiday,” he said. 3. “I’m going to the dentist now, “ said Lynn. 4. “Jamie has never seen a dolphin before,” Tom said. 5. “I will order a pizza, “ he said. 6. “The sun rises in the east, “ the teacher said. 7. “It’s always hot at this time of the year,” she said. Turn the questions from direct to reported speech. 1. “ Who broke the window?” the teacher asked. 2. “Where are you going on holiday this summer?”John asked me. 3. “What time is the wedding?” Linda asked. 4. “Did Tom go to the party last night?” Jill asked. 5. “Why are you laughing?” Philip asked. 6. “Will you lend me some money?”Sarah asked him.