Unit 6 Chapter 9, Section 1 Presidential Powers Mr. Young American Government Essential Question What are the sources of (both formal and informal) and limits to the powers of the president? Learning Objectives 1. Constitutional Powers of the President as described in the Constitution 2. Informal sources of Power that have lead to a increase in Presidential Powers 3. Limit on the Power by Congress, Federal Courts, Bureaucracy, and the People Animaniacs Video http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vvy0wR LD5s8&feature=related Created with Caution Team Teach Question Why do you think that the founders created the office of President with Caution? Answer: Did not want one person with too much power Personal Characteristics Independent Executive Team Teach Question 1.The executive branch carries out or enforces the laws of which branch of government? Answer: Congress Photo of the 38th Congress No Direct Participation in Voting Constitutional Powers Commander in Chief Team Teach Question 1. Why do you think that they gave the President the power of being Commander-in-chief? 2. Why do you think that the founders did not make it a requirement for the President to have military experience? Answer: They wanted a civilian who would not always want war Head of Executive Branch Chief Executive Judicial Powers of President Legislative Powers 44 Presidents in 4 minutes http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GnjczC kS2cA Informal Sources of Power Thomas Jefferson Louisiana Purchase Jefferson Video http://www.history.com/shows/thepresidents/videos/jefferson-expandsexecutive-power#jefferson-expandsexecutive-power Teddy Roosevelt Lincoln in 1863 Lincoln in February 1865 Lincoln in April 1865 Civil War Lincoln and Habeas Corpus http://www.5min.com/Video/LincolnsAbuse-of-the-Presidential-Power294084084 First a definition: The Latin phrase habeas corpus means "you have the body." The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus refers to a common-law tradition that establishes a person's right to appear before a judge before being imprisoned. When a judge issues the writ, he commands a government official to bring a prisoner before the court so he can assess the legality of the prisoner's detention. When the privilege of the writ is suspended, the prisoner is denied the right to secure such a writ and therefore can be held without trial indefinitely. Habeas corpus is the only common-law tradition enshrined in the Constitution, which also explicitly defines when it can be overridden. Article I, Section 9 of the Constitution says, "The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended, unless when in cases of rebellion or invasion the public safety may require it.” http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/histor… Franklin Delano Roosevelt George W Bush Team Teach Question How did each of these Presidents use informal sources of Power to expand the powers of the President? Answer By doing things that had never really been done before. Mandate of the People Limitation by Congress Impeachment of Pres. Clinton http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4GgPo2 cHFq0 Limitation by the Federal Courts Limitation by Bureaucracy Limitation by Public Opinion Essential Question What are the sources of (both formal and informal) and limits to the powers of the president?