Humanities 8
What is Poetry?
Lesson #1
Introduction to What is Poetry?
 What do you think poetry is?
 Why do people write poetry?
 What is the difference between poetry and other
written texts?
Hand out Video Response Sheet and review questions as a class.
Lesson #1
What is Poetry?
Video interview with Michael Rosen
Lesson #1
What is Poetry?
Let’s review – What is poetry?
Lesson #1
Chocolate Cake
by Michael Rosen
Lesson #1
What is Poetry?
 Poetry is expressive words and phrases to describe
feelings, thoughts, emotions, experiences, places
and objects.
 Poetry can be humorous or tragic, philosophical or
silly.
Lesson #1
Poetry Terms
Line
A single line of words in a poem.
Example:
“The willow is like an etching,”
Stanza
A grouping of two or more lines of poetry;
stanzas in a poem can have different
numbers of lines.
Example:
“The willow is like an etching,
Fine-lined against the sky.
The gingko is like a crude sketch,
Hardly worthy to be signed.”
Rhyme
A repetition of sounds at the end
of words.
Example:
pool rhymes with rule
bake rhymes with make
Simile
A stated comparison of two things
that have some quality in common
using the words like or as
Example:
“The willow is like an etching”
Metaphor
A stated comparison of two things
that have some quality in common
NOT using the words like or as.
Example:
My hands were ice cold after
shoveling snow.
Lesson #1
Poem Exercise
“Simile: Willow and Ginkgo” poem
Willow
Ginkgo
Lesson #1
Putting it all together
“Simile: Willow and Ginkgo” poem
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Number the lines
Draw boxes around stanzas
Circle rhyming words
Underline metaphors once
Underline similes twice
Lesson #1
“Willow and Gingko”-Stanza 1
(I Do)
• How many lines does stanza one have?
• What are some examples of rhyming words?
• What is an example of a simile?
• Remember, there are no metaphors in this
poem. However, an example that would fit
into stanza one is: Its leaves are silk
Lesson #1
“Willow and Gingko”-Stanza 2
(We Do)
 How many lines does stanza two have?
 How many stanzas does the entire poem have?
 What are some examples of rhyming words in stanza
two?
 What is an example of a simile in stanza two?
 Remember, there are no metaphors in this poem.
Create a metaphor that you think would fit into
stanza two. Think about what you can compare the
willow or ginko to WITHOUT using the words “like” or
“as”.
Lesson #1
Let’s Review
• Rhyme: words that have the same ending sound (ex: far
and car)
• Line: a single line of poetry
• Stanza: a group of lines; a paragraph
• Metaphor: a comparison that does not use the words like
or as Examples: ice cold, puke green
• Simile: a comparison that does use the terms like and as
Examples: as tall as a giant, smooth like ice
Lesson #1
Simile and Metaphor
Practice
Please complete the ‘Using
Similes and Metaphors in Our
Own Poetry’ worksheet and
keep it in your LA binder for
future reference.
Lesson # 2
Poetry Devices
Lesson #2
Alliteration
The repetition of the same
consonant sound at the beginning
of two or more words
Example:
Waves want to be wheels
Lesson #2
Onomatopoeia
The use of words that sound like the
natural noises they name
Examples:
Crack, Snap, Pop
Lesson #2
Personification
Giving human characteristics to
something non-human
Examples:
 My homework grew legs and walked away
 My dog told me I shouldn’t do my homework.
 The frost paints the pines in the winter time.
Lesson #2
Hyperbole
A ridiculous exaggeration that can by
funny and makes a point.
Examples are:
“I had to walk 15 miles to school in the snow, uphill”
“You could have knocked me over with a feather”.
Lesson #2
Imagery
Words and phrases that appeal to the five senses (sight,
sound, smell, touch, and taste)
Examples:
Sight - The sunset glowed in the distance
Sound - The thunder boomed loudly
Smell - The smell of apple pie filled the apartment
Touch - The bed was as soft as a cloud
Taste - The dinner tasted like I imagine garbage tastes
Lesson #2
Writing Practice
Follow the instructions on the hand-out sheets,
My Alliteration and Onomatopoeia Poems
and
Personification Practice
Hand both into me when done!
USE YOUR OWN WORDS!!
Lesson #2
Let’s Review
Alliterations - the repetition of the same consonant sound
at the beginning of two or more words.
Onomatopoeia - the use of words that sound like the
natural noises they name.
Personification - giving human characteristics to something
non-human
Hyperbole - A ridiculous exaggeration that can by funny
and makes a point.
Imagery - words and phrases that appeal to the five senses
(sight, sound, smell, touch, and taste)