定语从句
—关系副词及介词+关系代词引导的定
语从句
教学目标:
1 掌握关系副词when, where, why引导的定语从
句,并能在运用恰当选择when, where, why
2 理解并掌握“介词+关系代词”引导的定语从句,
能在运用中选择合适的介词
关系副词 when
There are mid-autumn festivals, when people admire the moon.
.. order according to the time
when they appeared.
That was a generation when girls’ education was always …
He made people laugh at a time when they felt depressed.
The time when I first meet Nelson Mandela…
There are other times when giving first aid will save one’s…
in the early 16th century when they fought against the native…
She thought about the time when she had met him 3 months…
This was a time when two countries were at war
the day when Nelson Mandela helped me was…
关系副词when引导定语从句,修饰表示时间
的先行词,在定语从句中充当时间状语。
是不是任何情况下表示时间的先行词后
都用when引导定语从句?
that/which
1. Do you still remember the days_________
(whenwhich/that) we spent together in school?
2 . September 18th is the day
that/which
_________(that/which/when) we Chinese people
will never forget.
Let’s check
1. Mr. White will never forget the days
he
spent with his students.
A. when
B. which
C. why D. where
2
October 1 is a daythat/which
________ we will never
forget.
October 1 is a day when
______our new China
was founded.
关系副词 where
There are future parks, where people can go on imaginary trip to
…set up special places where they can live safely.
………ocean parks where they can see and swim with dophins
…to the north Island, where the climate was better ….
show me some place where there is some wildlife protection
The school where I learned Greek and Latin grammar…
to the rain forest where I live and understand how….
The parts of town where they lived were places decided by white
…from those countries where English played a important role
Live in a nation where they will not be judged by thecolor…
关系副词where引导定语从句,修饰表示地
点的先行词,在定语从句中充当地点状语。
是不是任何情况下表地点的先行
词后都用where引导定语从句?
1.This is a school
which /that
_________(that/which/where)
was built in
1925.
which /that
2.The old street ,___________(which
/that/where) is about four meters wide ,
is no longer the main street now.
1. Beijing is the city _________the 2008 Olympic
Games were held.
A when
B where C that D which
2. This is the best hotel ___ I know.
A. It
B. where C. that D. When
3. A bank is the place ______ they lend you an
umbrella in good weather and ask for it back
when it begins to rain.
A. when B. that C. where D. there
关系副词why引导定语从句,修饰reason,在
定语从句中充当原因状语。
1
Reason后只能用why吗?
This is the reason__________
that/which he gave me.
why
This is the reason___________
he was late.
2. Is that the reason
proposal(提议)?
A. which
B. what
you are in favour of the
C. why
D. for that
先行词reason后接定语从句,若缺少主语或宾
语,则用that或which引导,不缺主语宾语,
用why,在从句中作状语。如:
1. This is the reason _____he
got angry.
why
2. He told us a reason that/which
_______
reasonable(合理的).
sounded
3. Can you remember the reason that/which
_____
he told
us last week?
在“介词+关系代词”引导的定语从句中,如何选择介词
一、根据定语从句中的谓语动词/动词词组来确定介词.
1.In the dark street there wasn’t a single
to whom
person___
_____ she could turn for help.
in which
2.The raincoat___
_____ he was dressed
was stolen just now.
with/to_______
whom I talked this
3. This is the man _____
morning.
4. China is a large country with a long history
of which
_____
_______ we are proud.
二. 根据先行词来确定介词.
by ______I
which often go to work is
1.The bus_____
very old.
with _____he
which used to write is
2.The pencil_____
broken.
on which
3.He will never forget the day ____
______
he joined the Party
4.The naughty boy made a hole in the wall
through
which he could see what was happening
_____ ______
outside
三:根据定语从句的意义来确定介词.
1.He was educated at the local high school,
___ he went to Beijing University
A after which B after that C in which D in that
2. In the office they don’t work until
5:30___ _____many people have gone home.
A. whose time B. that
C. on which
D. by which time
3. Your speech was heard by a group of five
judges, all of whom agreed that it was the best
one this year.
Let’s check
用 “介词+关系代词”完成下列句子:
1.The house _____
_____I was born is old.
in
which
in
which
2. The shop _____
_____ I bought the book
yesterday is very big.
by which
3.The bike_____
_____he went to school is very
Beautiful.
with whom
4.The man_____
_____I worked in the factory
Was my friend.
to whom
to/with
1. The man_____ ____I wrote yesterday
was whom
my brther.
2. Do you know the woman, ________ _______you
talked just now?
in which
3. The house ____ ______you lived last year is john’s.
4. This is the glasses ,________
______Iwhich
don’t see
without
anything.
in which
5. That’s the town ___ ______
he worked in 1987.
6. I have 2 brothers, one ___ _______ is a soldier.
of whom
想一想我们这节课学了什么?
我会了吗?
哪些地方还不懂?
Homework
完成阳光课堂P71-P72语法练习
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关系副词when引导定语从句