Essential Question
• Discuss the following questions with your
neighbors and be prepared to share with the
class:
1. Based your homework, what influences did
ancient Greece and Rome have on modern
democracy?
Prologue
The Rise of Democratic Ideas
1200BC-1800AD
Section 1
The Legacy of Ancient Greece and Rome
• Democracy
official: a person who
works in government
juror: a person who
helps decide guilt or
innocence in trial
impartial: fair
– A form of gov’t based on the idea that
people can govern themselves
• Individuals are citizens in a state, not
subjects of a ruler
– Rome adopted this idea from Greeks
• Pericles
– Increased number of paid officials & pays
jurors
– Allowed poorer citizens to participate in
gov’t
• Republic
– A gov’t in which citizens elect leaders who
make government decisions
official: a person who
works in government
juror: a person who
helps decide guilt or
innocence in trial
impartial: fair
• Greek Philosophers
– Used reason to discover predictable
patterns called Natural Laws
• Rome’s influence on gov’t & democracy
– Gave the world the idea of a republic
– Adopted the idea that individuals were
citizens not subjects
– Written legal code and idea of equal &
impartial justice
Major Forms of Government
• In your notebook, divide a page into 4 sections
• At the top of each section the following:
– Monarchy
– Aristocracy
– Oligarchy
– Direct Democracy
Monarchy
• State ruled by a king
• Rule is hereditary
• Some rulers claim divine
right
Aristocracy
• State ruled by nobility
• Rule is hereditary and
based on family ties, social
rank, wealth
• Social status and wealth
support rulers’ authority
Oligarchy
• State ruled by a small group
of citizens
• Rule is based on wealth or
ability
• Ruling group controls
military
Direct Democracy
• State ruled by its citizens
• Rule is based on citizenship
• Majority rule decides vote
Major Forms of Government
• Draw and color an illustration for each Major
Form of Government
VIP Heads
• Fold your paper into 8 parts
• In each section you will:
– (Left)Write the name and country of the VIP
– (Middle)Draw and color a bust (head & shoulders)
– (Right)Create a speech bubble and write a sentence
that states the influence they had on democracy.
Make sure to write in your own words. DO NOT COPY
FROM THE BOOK!!!
• For this assignment you will use these 7 VIPs
– Solon, Cleisthenes, Pericles, Justinian, Socrates, Plato,
Aristotle
When you are finished, glue this sheet into your
notebook