Chapter 8, Section 1 Notes

Title: The Difficulties Begin

Main Idea: While the Anglo American
colonists were concerned about Mexican
rule, the Mexican government was
concerned about the growing American
influence in Texas.

Key Terms: decree, exempt, customs duty
I. Differences Create Tension
A.
B.
-
Cultural differences arose between
Mexican government officials and Anglo
American settlers
During the 1820s, the Federalists left the
Texas colonists alone. The colonists:
Received land titles
Cleared land
Built their homes
Established schools and newspapers
Brought in slaves
I. Differences Create Tension
C.
D.
•
In 1829, the Centralists came to power
and put an end to these acts of freedom
Result: A series of clashes that
eventually leads to revolution.
Before 1829, how did the colonists live?
II. The Fredonian Rebellion
A.
B.
The first clash in Texas between Anglos
and the Mexican government was the
Fredonian Rebellion
In 1825, the Edwards Brothers (Haden
and Benjamin) were awarded of vast
tract of land in East TX to settle 800
families
II. The Fredonian Rebellion
C.
D.
The problem was many people
(Americans, Cherokees, etc.) were
already living on his land without land
titles; so Haden Edwards told all of them
to move or buy a land title from him
But, Mexican authorities would not let
him charge land titles to settlers already
living there
II. The Fredonian Rebellion
E.
F.
•
Result? The Edwards brothers declared
their colony independent from Mexico
as the Republic of Fredonia was born in
1826
They make an alliance with Cherokee
Chief Richard Fields who offers his help
Why did Edwards and his brother
declare their colony independent?
II. The Fredonian Rebellion
G. Meanwhile, SFA refuses to help
Fredonia, and instead offers to help the
Mexican authorities!
H. Mexican troops were sent to
Nacogdoches in 1827 and they crushed
the revolt as most fled to the U.S.
III. Mexico Investigates Texas
A.
B.
C.
•
In an effort to obtain Texas, the U.S.
ambassador Anthony Butler proposed that
Mexico sell Texas to the U.S.
Suspicious, the Mexican government sent
Mexican General Mier Y Teran on an inspection
tour and he concludes that the Anglo influence
was too strong in Texas (outnumbered 5 to 1)
Result? More Mexican troops were sent to
Texas
What were the results of Edwards’ rebellion?
IV. Mexico and Slavery
A.
B.
C.
In 1829, Mexico issues a decree, or
order, abolishing slavery.
Texas tries to persuade Mexican
officials to exempt, or excuse Texas
from this decree.
Result? It causes fear among the Texas
colonists that decree will be passed in
Texas too
V. Mexico Regains Control of Texas
A.
The Law of April 6, 1830 was a Mexican
law based on Mier Y Teran’s
recommendations for Texas.
i. It stopped all immigration from the
U.S.
ii. It suspended all empresario
contracts.
iii. It set up new forts in Texas.
V. Mexico Regains Control of Texas
B.
C.
D.
•
Soldiers in the forts prevented smuggling,
introduction of new slaves, and illegal land
speculation.
Mexico discouraged trade between foreign
nations and Texas by placing taxes called
customs duties on goods made in foreign
nations.
Result? This law is a turning point in relations
between the Anglo colonists and Mexican
officials as distrust grows between them
How did Mexico try to regain control of Texas?
Assignments for Today
Quick Write: Summarize the
Fredonian Rebellion in one
paragraph (4-6 Sentences) on a
separate sheet of paper.
2. 8-1 Guided Reading/Section Quiz.
When you are done with both
assignments, staple together and
turn in to the teacher.
1.
 DUE BY FRIDAY!
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Timeline Activity - Humble Independent School District