 Reading Skills
 Text Study
 Notes to the Text
 Words and Expressions
 Idea Sharing
 Scanning
 Exercises
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Reading Skills
7
I. What is Scanning?
• Scanning is to locate a specific item of information
or to tell where we can get that information.
• Scanning is particularly useful in reading
newspapers or advertisements.
• It is also possible to use this reading skill to find
some particular information in any kind of reading
materials.
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Reading Skills
Steps to scan:
1. Decide what information you are looking for,
and think about the form it may take.
2. Next, think about where you would be likely
to get the information and move your eyes
quickly.
3. Stop reading when you have got the right
information.
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Reading Skills
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II. Exercises
1. How many Chinese people find it difficult to fall
asleep?
Lying in bed counting sheep is not a solution
to falling asleep, especially for people engaged
in continual mental labor. The fear of not being
able to fall asleep brings anxiety and insomnia,
explained the experts. A recent national
survey among 10,455 Chinese people showed
27.3% of the subjects admitted they have
sleeping problems.
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Reading Skills
2. What kind of music can audience enjoy at the
festival?
The 2004 Midi Modern Music Festival will take
place on Oct. 1 to 4 at Beijing International
Sculpture Park. Audience can watch 45 bands
playing various music styles including rock, folk,
blues, hip-hop and jazz. Sponsored in 2000, it
was at first a showcase for students of the music
school. Now the festival has expanded into an
outdoor festival for young and little-known bands
to perform their unique style.
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7
 Question Answering
4
Text Study
7
Question Answering
1. What is the author’s attitude towards
the opinion that geniuses spring up out of
nowhere? (Para. 1)
Tips
The author holds a
doubtful attitude.
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7
Text Study
2. What are the two kinds of parent style that
parents take up towards their children?
(Para. 4)
Tips
The supportive
and the stimulating.
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Text Study
7
3. What are the four groups in the study?
(Para. 6)
Tips
one with supportive parents;
one with stimulating parents;
one whose parents have both;
one whose parents offer nothing.
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Text Study
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4. How much time a day does a father in
Holland spend in conversation with his
children? How about in America?
(Para. 10)
Tips
11 seconds in Holland and
less than one minute in
America.
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Text Study
7
. 5. Which is more important to children’s
development according to the author:
the biological or the environmental
factors? (Para.15)
Tips
The environmental factors such as
better parenting and educational
techniques.
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7
 Active Expressions
 Focus Study
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7
Notes to the Text—Active Expressions
I. Active Expressions
Find out the active expressions:
1. …spring up out of nowhere as if touched by the
finger of God.
2. …steering them toward certain fields and pushing
them to work hard, …
3.The children who fared best were those whose
parents were both supportive and ...
4. …, children pick up not only language skills but
also adult habits and styles of thought.
Practice
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Notes to the Text—Active Expressions
Active Expressions
out of nowhere
• happen or appear suddenly
push
• press, drive or impel sb. to do
fare
• do; get along
pick up
• gain; learn a skill
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Notes to the Text—Active Expressions
Translation
1. 突然冒出了一辆汽车。
2. 我们得老是催他做作业。
3. 你考得怎么样?
4. 她到法国居住后很快就学会了法语。
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Notes to the Text—Active Expressions
Reference
1. A car seemed to appear out of nowhere.
2. We always have to push him to do his homework.
3. How did you fare on your exam?
4. She soon picked up French when she went to live
in France.
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Notes to the Text—Focus Study
7
II. Focus Study
1. …pressure from parents results in children
suffering fatigue rather than becoming
geniuses.
rather than…
与其……(不如)……;
不是……(而是)……
Practice
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Notes to the Text—Focus Study
Translation
• 与其说他是教师不如说他是作家。
• 与其让约翰干这件事,我宁可自己动手。
Key
• He is a writer rather than a teacher.
• Rather than John do it, I’d prefer to
do the job.
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Notes to the Text—Focus Study
2. While the study is not yet complete, the children
appear to have been given a long-term advantage.
While …
当 ……的时候;尽管;虽然…
Practice
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Notes to the Text—Focus Study
Translation
• 他上大学时是戏剧协会会员。
• 他虽受人尊敬,但并不被人喜爱。
Key
• While at college, he was a member of the
dramatic society.
• While respected, he is not liked.
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 Word Using
 Old to New
 Chinese to English
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Words and Expressions—Word Using
I. Word Using
1. spring up
appear or develop quickly and/or suddenly
Translation
在曾是沙漠的地方出现了很多城镇。
Key
Towns spring up where it was a desert.
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Words and Expressions—Word Using
2. look into
examine
Translation
案子正在调查中,如果有什么情况我们会书面
向他们报告。
Key
The case is being looked into; when we have
anything to report we’ll write to them.
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Words and Expressions—Word Using
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3. fascinate v.
attract or interest someone very much
Use It
What has ever fascinated you?
Tips
I am (was) fascinated by…
(I am fascinated by rock music; I was
fascinated by collecting stamps…
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Words and Expressions—Word Using
4. identify v.
discover or notice the existence of something
Translation
专家们正在检查机器,但是毛病还未找到。
Key
Experts are examining the machine but
the cause of the problem has not yet been
identified.
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Words and Expressions—Word Using
5. go out of one’s way
make a special effort to do something
Use It
Use the phrase to describe a situation.
Tips
He went out of his way to make me feel at
home.
(I went out of my way to pass the exam.)
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Words and Expressions—Word Using
6. device n.
new invention or means of doing sth.
Translation
我在车上装了一个能自动开启车库门的装置。
Key
I have fitted a device to my car which opens
the garage door automatically.
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Words and Expressions—Word Using
7. pick up
get information or a skill by chance
Translation
你在哪儿养成这个习惯?
Key
Where did you pick up this habit?
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Words and Expressions—Word Using
8. have a head start
have an advantage over others
Translation
电子行业竞争非常激烈,日本走在了前面。
Key
Electronics is a very competitive business
and Japan has a head start.
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Words and Expressions—Word Using
9. in question
under consideration or discussion
Translation
看到那位被谈论的妇女走进商店,他感到很吃
惊。
Key
He was surprised to see the woman in
question enter the shop.
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Words and Expressions—Word Using
10. count v.
have value or importance; matter
Use It
What counts in your life?
Key
Happiness counts much in my life.
(I believe that health counts more than money.)
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Words and Expressions—Word Using
11. far from
not at all
Translation
我们对选举结果一点也不满意。
Tips
We are far from happy with the results
of the election.
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Words and Expressions—Old to New
II. Old to New
attract
tiredness
able to think quickly
person with same age
not at all
show
•
•
•
•
•
•
fascinate
fatigue
alert
peer
far from
demonstrate
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Words and Expressions—Old to New
progress
make certain
calculate the value
encouragement
watch sth. done correctly
except for
•
•
•
•
•
•
fare
guarantee
assess
stimulation
date back to
barring
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Words and Expressions—C to E
III. Chinese to English
让他的儿子着迷  fascinate his son
父母的激励  parental stimulation
带领他们去某些领域  steer them towards
certain fields
表现最好  fare best
培养开放的、有创见的  cultivate an open and
creative thinking style
思维方式
长远的意义  lasting significance
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 Discussion
4
Idea Sharing
7
Discussion
What is the greatest influence
that your parents have on you?
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7
Tips
• understanding
• fair
• loving
• honest
• communicative
• non-judgmental
• respectful
• responsible
• having a good sense of humor
• enjoying spending time with children
• confident
Idea Sharing
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To Horizon
To Task
The End of Section B