The Tigris and Euphrates
River
Chapter Two
Lesson One
The Land Between Two Rivers
 Mesopotamia is
located between the
Tigris and Euphrates
Rivers.
 Called the “Fertile
Crescent” for rich
farmland.
 The first settlers were
farmers and fisherman.
Working With Water
 Flooding provided silt, a
rich mixture of rock and
soil.
 Silt made the nearby land
possible to farm.
 Drought or times without
rain made farming difficult.
 Irregular flooding and
droughts caused
Mesopotamians to find
was of getting water to
their fields. This was
Irrigation.
Irrigation
Farming in Mesopotamia
 Crops
– Wheat
– Barley
– Emmer (Wheat grain)
 Vegetables and Fruits
–
–
–
–
Onions
Cucumbers
Figs
Apples
 Raised Animals to help
out.
– Goats, sheep, horses
donkeys.
What does living next to a river lead
to?
 Trade
 Communication
 Growth
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The Tigris and Euphrates River