Key area 4: Animal welfare
and indicators of poor
welfare
Animal welfare
LI:
1. Describe the factors that contribute
to the wellbeing of domesticated
animals.
2. Describe the main behavioural
indicators of poor welfare
CFE Higher Biology
Sustainability
and
interdependence
Animal welfare
Providing livestock with good
environmental conditions to live involves:
• Costs e.g.
• Benefits e.g.
• Ethics e.g.
CFE Higher Biology
Sustainability
and
interdependence
The “Animal welfare act 2006” enshrined
the “Five Freedoms for animal welfare”
into law.
Use the internet to find out what the
“five freedoms” are.
CFE Higher Biology
Sustainability
and
interdependence
Behavioural indicators of poor
behaviour
Animals in poor conditions display the
following types of behaviour:
• Stereotypy
• Misdirected behaviour
• Failure of sexual/parental behaviour
• Altered activity levels
CFE Higher Biology
Sustainability
and
interdependence
Stereotypy
Watch this video link:
http://youtu.be/T1T12CHFt0M
Write a short note describing what
constitutes stereotypy in pets/livestock.
CFE Higher Biology
Sustainability
and
interdependence
Misdirected behaviour
Normal behaviour is
directed inappropriately
e.g.
Animals may mutilate
themselves by overgrooming, plucking or
chewing itself.
Or, be misdirected towards
the surroundings.
CFE Higher Biology
Sustainability
and
interdependence
Failure of sexual/parental
behaviour
Poor conditions can be responsible for
failure of animals to breed successfully.
It can also lead to offspring being
rejected.
CFE Higher Biology
Sustainability
and
interdependence
Level of activity
Excessive sleeping or hyper-aggression
can be a sign of poor living .conditions
CFE Higher Biology
Sustainability
and
interdependence
The study of animal behaviour
LI:
1. Explain what is meant ethology.
2. Describe methods used during the
study of animal behaviour
3. Describe how preference testing can
be used in animal welfare studies.
CFE Higher Biology
Sustainability
and
interdependence
Ethology
Is the study of animal behaviour.
It is done by producing an ethogram – a
list of all the behaviours shown by the
animal.
CFE Higher Biology
Sustainability
and
interdependence
Watch this clip that shows examples of
capuchin behaviour
http://vimeo.com/45906210
Watch this 15 min clip on capuchin monkey
behaviour. http://vimeo.com/13796260
Use the worksheet to record the
behaviour of “popeye”.
CFE Higher Biology
Sustainability
and
interdependence
Preference behaviour and
measuring motivation
Animal behaviour can also be studied to
establish an animal’s preference for
certain conditions (preference test) or
to measure its motivation.
You can read more on these tests in the
textbook or Scholar.
CFE Higher Biology
Sustainability
and
interdependence