INTERVENSI KOMUNITAS
COMMUNITY WORK/ SOCIAL WORK
MACRO PRACKTICE
BY DIDIET WIDIOWATI
Workshop 1
Before the presentation ask the baseline question.
After the presentation ask the same question.
• What is macro social work before?
• What is your understanding of macro
social work now?
Human Behavior Involves Multiple
Systems
Pengertian Community
Work
• Community work adalah “the process of assisting
ordinary people to improve their own communities by
undertaking collective actions.” (Twelvetrees, 1991).
• Community work adalah suatu proses dalam membantu
masyarakat untuk meningkatkan diri mereka sendiri
melalui suatu aktivitas-aktivitas kolektif.
• Menurut Johnson (1984), Community work
merupakan spesialisasi atau setting
praktek pekerjaan sosial yang bersifat
makro (macro practice).
• Community work didefinisikan sebagai
metode yang memungkinkan orang dapat
meningkatkan kualitas hidupnya serta
mampu memperbesar pengaruhnya
terhadap proses-proses yang
mempengaruhi kehidupannya
• (AMA, 1993).
What is the Community
Mayo (1994)
• Grass root (Neighbourhood)
• Local Agency & Inter Agency
• Regional & National Community Planning Work
Kennet Wilkinson (1991)
• Terrotory or Place Community
• Common Interest or Non Plce Community
• Social Organizatian or Social Institution
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Capability & Resource Building
Planning & Program Management
Community Organization
Model-model Pendekatan
dalam
Intervensi Makro
(Rothman and Tropman,1987)
Lanjutan Tabel 4.1
Lanjutan Tabel 4.1
Lanjutan Tabel 4.3
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2. model intervensi komunitas update