Module 5
The
Manager
Time Frame:
8th Week – 3 hours
Colegio de San Juan de Letran
The Manager
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Colegio de San Juan de Letran
The Manager
Module Outline:
This module will discuss the following topics:
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Who is the manager?
Functions and skills or roles of a manager.
Managerial Skills
The Manager as an Integrator of five mindsets
Managing System
Managerial efficiency and effectiveness.
The Manager as an effective – executive
The manager versus entrepreneur
The LETRApreneurship – The Letran entrepreneurial spirit
The Pinoy Style of a manager
The Global manager
Colegio de San Juan de Letran
The Manager
Objectives:
At the end of this lesson students are
expected to:
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Understand the role of a manager and its
role in an organization
Differentiate managerial effectiveness and
efficiency.
Differentiate manager and the
entrepreneur
The role of a Filipino and global manager
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5
The Manager
Food for the BRAIN
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“I learned that the only way you are going to get
anywhere in life is to work hard at it. Whether
you're a musician, a writer, an athlete or a
businessman (a manager), there is no getting
around it. If you do, you'll win—if you don't, you
won't.”
Bruce Jenner, Olympic Gold Medalist
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The Manager
Introduction
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A manager creates and maintains an
environment also called as an internal
environment or simply the organization, so that
others can work efficiently in it. A manager's job
consists of planning, organizing, directing, and
controlling the resources of the organization. These
resources include people, jobs or positions, technology,
facilities and equipment, materials and supplies,
information, and money. Managers work in a dynamic
environment and must anticipate and adapt to
challenges.
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The Manager
LOOK Ahead
Working in Teams – The Leader Leads!
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Brainstorming:
The following brainstorming Questions will be asked
to each group during the activity:
1. What have you learned in this topic so far?
2. Given a chance, how do you lead an organization in
your community? School?
3. Do you have what it takes to be a leader? Cite your
own experiences that manifest your leadership
potential.
Colegio de San Juan de Letran
The Manager
Lesson Contents
• Who is a manager?
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A manager is
someone who works with
and through other people
by coordinating their
work activities in order to
accomplish
organizational goals in a
changing nature of
organizations.
The Manager
Lesson Contents
Managerial Titles
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•First-line managers - manage the work of non
managerial individuals who are directly involved with
the production or creation of the organization’s
products
•Middle managers - all managers between the firstline level and the top level of the organization manage
the first-line managers
•Top managers - responsible for making organizationwide decisions and establishing the plans and goals
that affect the entire organization
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The Manager
Lesson Contents
Management Functions
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Planning - defining goals, establishing strategies for achieving
those goals, and developing plans to integrate and coordinate
activities
Organizing - what tasks are to be done, who is to do them,
how the tasks are to be grouped, who reports to whom, and
where decisions are made
Leading - directing and motivating all involved parties and
dealing with employee behavior issues
Controlling - monitoring activities to ensure that they are
going as planned
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The Manager
Lesson Contents
“Either lead, follow,
or get out of the way.
But never try to do all three
at the same time!”
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What can
you say
about this
illustration?
The Manager
Lesson Contents
Management Processes
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Management process -set of ongoing decisions and
work activities in which managers engage as they plan,
organize, lead, and control managerial activities
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The Manager
Lesson Contents
Management Roles and Skills
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Interpersonal - involve people and duties that are ceremonial and
symbolic in nature
Informational - receiving, collecting, and disseminating information
Decisional - revolve around making choices emphasis that managers give
to the various roles seems to change with their organizational level
Technical - knowledge of and proficiency in a certain specialized field
Human - ability to work well with other people both individually and in a
group
Conceptual - ability to think and to conceptualize about abstract and
complex situations
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The Manager
Lesson Contents
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 The Five Key Managerial Skills
A manager must
possessed the following
managerial skills:
Interpersonal Skill,
Technical Skill,
Conceptual Skill,
Diagnostic Skill, &
Political Skill.
Colegio de San Juan de Letran
The Manager
Lesson Contents
Manager as an Integrator of
Five Mindset
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1. Managing self: the reflective mind-set.
2. Managing organizations: the analytical mind-set.
3. Managing context: the worldly mind-set.
4. Managing relationships: the collaborative mindset.
5. Managing change: the action mind-set.
Colegio de San Juan de Letran
The Manager
Lesson Contents
The Manager as an effective –
executive
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Peter Drucker, in his book, “The Effective
Executive”, suggested that a manager or an
executive must follow the “first-thing-first”
principle. It requires him a one hundred percent
concentration on what he is doing – and he must do
one thing at a time. Its because being an effective
executive could be learned by any individual.
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The Manager
Lesson Contents
Manager versus Entrepreneur
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To differentiate these two positions, it is better to
discuss what entrepreneurship is.
Entrepreneurship is a process by which people
opportunities, fulfilling needs and wants through
innovation without regard to the resources they
currently control.
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The Manager
Lesson Contents
 An overview on the difference between the
manager and an entrepreneur.
Entrepreneurs
Actively seeks change by exploiting
opportunities
Put their personal financial security at
risks
Accepts risks
Motivate by independence and the
opportunity to create financial gain
Look at their business’ growth over a
longer term.
Directly involved in the operational
activities.
Tends to accept mistakes as a normal
part of doing things.
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More custodian
Insulates managers from financial wagers
and rewards them for minimizing risks
and avoiding failure
Managers
Tend to avoid risk
Motivated by career promotions and
other traditional corporate rewards
Oriented towards the attainment of
short term goal
Delegates tasks and supervise workers
performing the tasks
Tend to avoid putting themselves into
situations in which they could fail or
make a mistake.
The Manager
Lesson Contents
LETRApreneurship
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LETRApreneurship refers to the entrepreneurial
spirit the Letranites. Meaning, Letranites are expected
to become entrepreneurs which is stated in her
vision, that goes: “Letran graduates are expected to
become dynamic builders and leaders of
communities”. We will become dynamic leaders and
builders through our own business and by providing
and creating jobs for other people – that is
letrapreneurship!
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The Manager
Lesson Contents
The Pinoy Style of a manager
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Manager “by Kayod.” Kayod is a Filipino term which means
to sweat it out or to give oneself to hard work. This manager
is action-hungry and highly dedicated.
Manager “by Lusot”. Lusot is another Filipino word
capitalizing on a loophole. He always looks for loopholes or an
excuse for failure.
Manager “by Libro”. Libro or book in English. A systematic
type of a manager who operates by the dictates of books or
what the manual and other formal documents say.
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The Manager
Lesson Contents
The Pinoy Style of a manager
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Manager “by Oido”. This manager learns his managerial
skills by oido or by ear because of his vast field of practical
experiences that compensates for his lack of formal
education.
Manager “by Ugnayan”. He is a hybrid of all types of
managers also called as situational manager because he
integrates various types and styles of management depending
on the situations
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The Manager
Lesson Contents
 Forces that shape Global
Environment for future
1. New laws and regulations / governmental involvement
Managers
2.
Environmental concerns
3.
Ethical considerations
4.
Social obligations
5.
Demands for challenging jobs
6.
International trade
7.
Demands for privacy
8.
Involvement of workers in decision making
9.
Production technology
10. Consumerism
11.
Organizational change, mergers, acquisitions
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The Manager
Mental Flex
Think about these!
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1. Discuss the characteristics of the a
manager and an entrepreneur? How each one
differs from the other? Provide a
comprehensive discussion.
2. If you are to build your own business, what
are characteristics of the traditional
organization that you will keep and what you
will get from the modern or new type of
organization?
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The Manager
Flash Review
Manager versus
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•AEntrepreneur
manager is someone who works with and
through other people by coordinating their work
activities in order to accomplish organizational goals in a
changing nature of organizations.
•An entrepreneur is actively seeks change by exploiting
opportunities and put their personal financial security at
risks. He is motivated by independence and the
opportunity to create financial gain who accepts
mistakes as a normal part of doing things.
Colegio de San Juan de Letran
The Manager
Assignment
 The manager and the
entrepreneur
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Students will download from the internet one example
of a manager (global or local) and an entrepreneur.
Selected students will present their report or
assignment in the class. The facilitator will also
include his/her own example to strengthen the
concepts and knowledge of the students about the
manager and entrepreneur.
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The Manager
Looking Back
(the final test)
 Review Questions: (10 points each)
(Answer the following questions in two and three paragraphs by citing examples based
in real life situation. Write your answer in the box provided below. You may use separate
paper if necessary.)
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1. Discuss the differences between the entrepreneur and
an established company manager? Where do you
belong?
2. How can you, as a management students,
systematically select a career? Explain the assessment
process you are going to make.
3. In your opinion, do you believe you possess the traits
associated with managerial success?
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The Manager
Cases
A based-on-reality cases reflect the major theme of this
module-lesson and help students refine their decision-making
skills. The facilitator is expected to guide his students through
out the case analysis.
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Suggested Cases:
a. Reluctantly a Manager – The Unspoken Realities of
Managing
(Management by Jerry Kinard, Western Kentucky University)
b. Caring Management
(Management by Jerry Kinard, Western Kentucky University)
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The Manager
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End of Module 5
Thank You
very much!
You finished it on time.
Congratulations!
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Manager - Rosaleen Agaton