Ch. 5.2 Drafting the Constitution MAIN IDEA At the Philadelphia convention in 1787, delegates reject the Articles of Confederation and create a new constitution. WHY IT MATTERS NOW The constitutional convention formed the plan the government that the U.S. still has today. Shay’s Rebellion • Proved weakness of A.o.Confederation. • 1786-1787, Daniel Shay organizes farmers. -Farmers are losing farms. • G. Washington calls for a stronger central government. Call for Convention • 5 states send delegates to meeting on interstate trade (1786). • After Shay’s Rebellion 12 states to join. • James Madison of VA. -Father of the Constitution -Central Government made up of three branches. -Executive, Judicial, and Legislative. What Happen? • May 1787, 55 delegates meet at Pennsylvania State House. -Windows shut to prevent eavesdropping. • Washington elected presiding officer. Virginia Plan • James Madison’s, Bicameral Legislature -Two houses, a lower and an upper house. -Based on each state’s population. -Benefitted large states. New Jersey Plan • William Paterson’s Plan -Single house Congress. -One vote per state. -Benefitted smaller states. The Great Compromise • Roger Sherman’s Bicameral Congress. • Senate- giving each state equal representation. • House of Representatives-representation by population. • Representation. -Northern states, slaves for taxes not house. -Southern states, slaves for house not taxes. Three-Fifths Compromise • Proposed that three-fifths of a state’s slaves be counted for representation. • Congress power to regulate foreign trade. • Cannot interfere with slave trade for 20 years. Federalism • Division of power between national and state government. • Has delegated or enumerated powers. -Handles foreign affairs, defense, interstate trade, and money. State Powers • Called reserved powers. -Handles education, marriage laws, trade within state. • Shared powers include right to tax, borrow money, and establish courts.