YES 1. Defend the nation 2. Vote 3. Volunteer 4. Respect the rights of others 5. Learn about national and local issues/Be informed NO Obey traffic laws Jury Duty Pay taxes Obey criminal laws Compulsory education Civic Duty: The responsibilities of a citizen American Rights • The Bill of Rights – First 10 Amendments to the Constitution – Deals with individual rights and freedoms • Why was it created? – The Bill of Rights were added to the constitution because the states were afraid that the government would become too powerful and infringe on their rights. – States refused to ratify the Constitution without some guarantee that would protect individual rights. Why? There are two ways to amend the constitution. –Yet the most common way to amend the constitution is a 2/3 approval in both houses of congress then approved by ¾ of the states. Do you have your rights all of the time? • The Bill of Rights allows citizens the freedom to live as you please as long as you obey the laws and respect the rights of others. Year: 1789 The Right to Vote 1800-50: 1870: 1920: 1971: (26th) People allowed to vote Property owning white males over 21 White men over 21 Men over 21 (15th amend) th Men and women over 21 (19 ) Men and women over 18 Citizen Participation in an Absolute Monarchy • What is an absolute monarchy? – Single person (monarch) is head of state and has complete power • What role do citizens play in an absolute monarchy? • Decline in absolute monarchies after the French and American Revolutions. – Why? Citizen Participation in a Constitutional Monarchy • What is a constitutional monarchy? – “The Queen reigns but does not rule” • What does this mean? – A constitutional monarchy is a form of government in which a king or queen reigns with limits to their power along with a governing body • What country is an example of this? • Monarchy may be hereditary or elected • What role do citizens play in a constitutional monarchy? Citizen Participation in a Parliamentary Democracy • What is a parliamentary democracy? – parliamentary democracy is one in which the people choose representatives at regular elections. These representatives are responsible for a number of functions: • the formation of the government. This is achieved by majority vote in the lower house • the passage of legislation (the laws of the nation) by majority vote of the Parliament • The scrutiny and monitoring of the executive government, the public service and other authorities and institutions created by Parliament. Most importantly, this scrutiny extends to monitoring the expenditure of public (taxpayers') money. What role do citizens play in a parliamentary democracy? Citizen Participation in a Presidential Democracy • What is a presidential democracy? – A presidential system, also called a congressional system, is a system of government where an executive branch exists and presides (hence the term) separately from the legislature, to which it is not accountable and which cannot in normal circumstances dismiss it. – What does this mean? • How is it different from a parliamentary democracy? – Separation of powers • What role do citizens play in a presidential democracy? Citizen Participation in a Dictatorship • What is a dictatorship? – A dictatorship is a form of government where one person (a dictator) reigns supreme – Usually rules by force/fear – Not accountable to people or for their policies • What role do citizens play in a dictatorship? Citizen Participation in a Theocracy • What is a theocracy? – A theocracy is a government in which the leaders are seen as “divinely guided” – May be ruled by clergy and state’s law may be based on religious law • Self appointed rulers • What role do citizens play in a theocracy? 1.What rights do you have as a U.S. citizen? 2.What responsibilities do you have as a U.S. citizen? 3.What does it mean to be an American citizen?