Copyright © Clara Kim 2007. All rights reserved.
Aim: How did geography
affect the development of
early Chinese Civilization?
Do Now !!!: Complete handout
“The Geography of China?”
Video Exercise
• You will watch the video clip “The
Geography of China.”
• While watching the video clip you will:
• 1) write down the geographic features
discussed in the film clip
• 2) evaluate what effect these features
might have on the people of China
Class work
• In pairs, students will complete the “Han
Lee’s Restaurant” exercise.
• Students will take turns reading each
“dish” on the menu.
• Using the map provided, students will find
where the ingredients for the dish would
be found in China.
Aim: How did certain beliefs shape
Chinese culture and traditions?
• Do Now: Please finish copying notes and
important vocabulary on China’s
Geography (next two slides)
Yellow River (Hwang He) Valley
Civilization
• A) Location
• 1) Found on the continent of Asia
• 2) The civilization was established
(started) near the Yellow River in the area
known as China today.
• 3) Began around 2000 B.C.
Impact of Geography
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A) The Yellow River
1) drinking water
2) fishing
3) transportation
4) irrigation for crops
5) the river empties into the Indian Ocean,
allowing Chinese traders access to goods
with other early civilizations
Natural Boundaries
• A) Gobi Desert
• B) Mountains to the West
• ******provided a natural “fence” to protect
people from invaders
Homework
Complete graphic organizer for
the impact of geography
Student Activity
• Answer Questions on River Dynasties in China
Vocabulary:
• Loess- Fertile Soil
• Oracle bone- Animal bone used by ancient
Chinese priests to communicate with the gods
• Mandate of Heaven- Divine approval of the
ruler
• Dynastic Cycle- Pattern of rise, fall, and
replacement of Dynasties
• Feudalism-Political systen in which noble or
lords are granted use of lands that belong to the
king
Aim: How did the Mandate of
heaven influence Chinese society?
• Do Now: Arrange the following items on the timeline by
placing the number of the item in the blank space
provided.
Vocabulary:
• Loess- Fertile Soil
• Oracle bone- Animal bone used by ancient Chinese
priests to communicate with the gods
• Mandate of Heaven- Divine approval of the ruler
• Dynastic Cycle- Pattern of rise, fall, and replacement of
Dynasties
• Feudalism-Political system in which noble or lords are
granted use of lands that belong to the king
Student Debrief
• Please take complete your class notes on
China.
Political
• Ruled by dynasties
• As Mesopotamia, Egypt and Indus were
declining, Shang Dynasty in China was
rising to power
• Zhou Dynasty
– Mandate of Heaven: Justification through
right of God
– Dynastic Cycle: Pattern of the rise and fall
of dynasties
– Feudalism: nobles have permission from
Kings to own and work king’s land
Economic
• Because of China’s
isolation by natural
barriers, early
settlers had to
supply their own
goods within China
• Not much trade
outside of China
Religious
• Family and Religion
are closely linked
–Prayed to ancestors
because they thought
their ancestors could
bring them luck or
disaster
–Consulted the gods
through ancestors
• Shang Di – Supreme
God
Social
• Society was sharply divided
between nobles and peasants
• Family was central to society
• Had arranged marriages
• Group was more important
than the individual
Intellectual
• Shang Dynasty was the first to
leave written records
• Oracle Bones: animal bone or
tortoise shells where priests
scratched questions for gods
then applied heat until it
cracked. Then they priests
interpreted the cracks
Intellectual
• No connection between
written and spoken
Chinese
–Advantage: Someone
can read Chinese without
knowing how to speak it
LOVE
HAPPY
Achievements
• Oldest Shang city –
Anyang built in the
woods mainly from
wood
–Had massive earth
walls for protection
–Found a wall 118
feet thick and 1.2
square miles
Achievements
• Introduced the
chariot – a
major tool of
war
• Skilled in
bronze work,
silk and
weapons
Achievements
• During the Zhou
Dynasty they:
–Built roads and
canals
–Developed blast
furnaces that
allowed them to
produce cast
iron
Geography
• Surrounded by natural barriers
on all cardinal directions
–North: Gobi Desert
–East: Pacific Ocean
–South: Himalaya Mountains
–West: Taklaman Desert and
Plateau of Tibet
GOBI DESERT
TAKLIMAKAN DESERT
PACIFIC OCEAN
HIMALAYA
MOUNTAINS
Geography
• Fertile plain found between 2
major rivers
–1. Huang He (Yellow River)
• Floods left behind LOESS: yellow
silt
–2. Yangtze River
• Flooded unpredictably
–Huang He (Yellow River)
Huang He (Yellow River)
Yangtze River
Yangtze River
Student Summary
• Please complete activity on China
Pictures Cited
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Slide 1 – http://www.the-gallery-of-china.com/chinese-art-painting-Mi5502.jpg
Slide 3 – http://www.mcps.k12.md.us/departments/isa/ninvest/ming/gr/Dynastic%20cycle%20info003.gif
Slide 4 – http://i16.photobucket.com/albums/b37/elektra33/shs_SadPuppy.jpg
Slide 5 – http://www.dvdbeaver.com/film/DVDCompare6/mulan/mulan_r2_4.jpg
Slide 7 – http://i.imdb.com/Photos/Ss/0182576/3043900_2_6.jpg
Slide 9 – http://www2.hawaii.edu/~kjolly/151/images/Shng-ora.jpg
Slide 10 – http://www.chinatourguide.net/jiaguwen.jpg
Slide 12 – http://www.chinese-symbols.com/chinese-symbols/l/love.gif,
http://dis.cs.umass.edu/~raphen/Personal/wedding/images/double_happy_bw.gif
Slide 13 – http://www.orthodox.cn/images/credo-sunyue.jpg
Slide 14 – http://www.powerhousemuseum.com/walkingthewall/wp-content/uploads/2006/07/IMG_0387.jpg
Slide 15 – http://www.chinavoc.com/arts/handicraft/bronze/images/b02.JPG
Slide 16 – http://3info2u.com/Image/Picture_Terracotta_Figures_China_4.jpg
Slide 17 – http://www.chinatraditional.com/Images%5Cex313b.jpg
Slide 18 – http://www.chinapage.com/images/dragonrobe2.jpg
Slide 19 - http://chineseartstore.com/catalog/images/5349-brids-flowers-chinese-silk-painting.jpg
Slide 20 – http://library.thinkquest.org/05aug/01780/clothing/silk/images/silk-2.jpg
Slide 22 – http://www.chinatour.com/photogallery/xinjiangshow/desert%20view.jpg,
http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/china/environment/pictures/desert2.jpg,
http://www.hickerphoto.com/data/media/171/pacific_ocean_picture_mg5926.jpg,
http://www.bgs.ac.uk/nigl/WebImages/Himalayas_Image.jpg
Slide 24 – http://www.terradaily.com/images/china-yellow-river-bg.jpg
Slide 25 – http://i1.trekearth.com/photos/3434/yellow_river1.jpg
Slide 26 – http://cache.eb.com/eb/image?id=96642&rendTypeId=4
Slide 27 - http://www.chinadiscoverytours.com/image/2005Yangtze-river-1_lg.jpg
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Presentation 4 - Ancient China