CHAPTER 1
Studying Early Childhood
Development in a Diverse
World
Early Childhood Development: A
Multicultural Perspective, Fifth Edition
Jeffrey Trawick-Smith
© 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
In Class Activity
Partner/Group Work
(groups of 5 students)
Think about how children change over time.
Consider all of the following areas of development:
Social
Emotional
Cognitive
Physical
Language
Early Childhood Development: A Multicultural
Perspective, Fifth Edition
Jeffery Trawick-Smith
2
© 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
WHAT IS EARLY
CHILDHOOD
DEVELOPMENT?
Definitions:
Development =
change over time
Early childhood = conception/birth to age 8
Early childhood development:
The process by which children change as they age
from conception/birth, both quantitatively and
qualitatively
Early Childhood Development: A Multicultural
Perspective, Fifth Edition
Jeffery Trawick-Smith
3
© 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
TYPES OF
DEVELOPMENTAL
CHANGES

QUANTITATIVE change =
occurs gradually, step-by-step
Examples: height, weight, factual knowledge

QUALITATIVE change=
gradual change into something quite different
from before
Example: concrete  abstract thinking
Early Childhood Development: A Multicultural
Perspective, Fifth Edition
Jeffery Trawick-Smith
4
© 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Group Work Continued


Look at the list and identify each as
quantitative or qualitative changes.
Write your findings and be ready to
report.
Early Childhood Development: A Multicultural
Perspective, Fifth Edition
Jeffery Trawick-Smith
5
© 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
WHY STUDY EARLY
CHILDHOOD
DEVELOPMENT
To guide professionals working with young children
and their families in 5 ways:
1) Interacting with children
2) Curriculum planning
3) Observing children & identifying special needs
4) Understanding and appreciating diversity
5) Advocacy and shaping of public policy
Early Childhood Development: A Multicultural
Perspective, Fifth Edition
Jeffery Trawick-Smith
6
© 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Why use a multicultural
perspective in our study?
Early Childhood Development: A Multicultural
Perspective, Fifth Edition
Jeffery Trawick-Smith
7
© 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
AN IMPORTANT SOURCE OF
INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES
Those individual differences
whch can be explained by life
experience are often rooted in
cultural differences
Early Childhood Development: A Multicultural
Perspective, Fifth Edition
Jeffery Trawick-Smith
8
© 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES
HAVE DIFFERENT SOURCES
It is important to distinguish among the
different sources of individual
differences:
∙ Unique diverse needs
Early Childhood Development: A Multicultural
Perspective, Fifth Edition
Jeffery Trawick-Smith
9
© 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
SPECIAL NEEDS
Physical, emotional, and learning
needs of individual children based
on developmental delays or
deficits
Early Childhood Development: A Multicultural
Perspective, Fifth Edition
Jeffery Trawick-Smith
10
© 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
CULTURAL / ETHNIC
DIVERSITY
Variations in needs and styles of
play, learning, and interaction
stemming from ethnic/cultural
groups
Early Childhood Development: A Multicultural
Perspective, Fifth Edition
Jeffery Trawick-Smith
11
© 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS
(SES)
Measure of overall economic and
social status determined by:
∙ level of education
∙ income
∙ place of residence
∙ occupation of primary wage earner
SES affects children’s development
Early Childhood Development: A Multicultural
Perspective, Fifth Edition
Jeffery Trawick-Smith
12
© 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
CHILDREN OF COLOR /
CHILDREN OF HISTORICALLY
UNDERREPRESENTED GROUPS
These terms refer specifically to
children with a Non-European, nonCausasian background
More accurate terms than ‘minority’
Early Childhood Development: A Multicultural
Perspective, Fifth Edition
Jeffery Trawick-Smith
13
© 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
CONFUSIONS TO BE
AVOIDED
∙
Cultural/ethic diversity ≠ deficit
∙
Special needs ≠ cultural needs
∙
∙
Socioeconomic status ≠
cultural/ethnic diversity
Children of color ≠ minority
Early Childhood Development: A Multicultural
Perspective, Fifth Edition
Jeffery Trawick-Smith
14
© 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.