Today: Socialization continued
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Cooley
Goffman
Mead
3 Theories
Technology and Interaction
About Test 1 next class
“We are what we repeatedly do.
Excellence, therefore, is not an
act but a habit.” -Aristotle
View Conservation Task
3 SOCIOLOGISTS’ VIEWS ON SOCIALIZATION
CHARLES HORTON COOLEY
Looking Glass Self
CHARLES HORTON COOLEY
LOOKING GLASS SELF
1) We use others as mirrors
2) Look at their eyes, body language, words to assess ourselves
3) We develop a self- concept.
CHARLES HORTON COOLEY
LOOKING GLASS SELF
• How we imagine other people judge us can help or hurt our
self-concept
• Even if untrue
Erving Goffman
Dramaturgy
ERVING GOFFMAN DRAMATURGY

Noticed a conflict between what we want to do and
what we feel people want us to do

View of social life as a series of dramatic
performances (theatre)
ERVING GOFFMAN DRAMATURGY
Impression management= actions and statements made to
control how others view us
ERVING GOFFMAN DRAMATURGY
ERVING GOFFMAM DRAMATURGY
Face-saving behavior
Strategies to rescue our performance from potential or
actual loss of face
CULTURAL ARTIFACT ASSIGNMENT GRADES
The class textbook is available on Amazon used for $5.
If you do not have the textbook yet, you will need it to study for first
test that is coming up soon.
Keeping up with the reading will help you earn full points on
assignments, tests, and the paper.
Do not use internet definitions
of terms
Erving Goffman Dramaturgy
Front stage:
actor’s performance in
front of an audience
Back stage:
concealing some things that
go into the “performance”
Parent
STATUS
 Socially
defined position in society
 characterized by certain
expectations, rights, and duties
Sibling
Student
Employee
Child
STATUS
• Role conflict:
• conflict between 2
different statues
-student and mom
• Role strain:
• conflict within one
status
-student taking many
classes
STATUS
Role
conflict: conflict between 2
different statues
-girlfriend and friend
Role
strain: conflict within one
status
-making the right choice as a friend
ERVING GOFFMAN’S DRAMATURGYREAL WORLD CONNECTION
It’s your first Thanksgiving with your
boyfriend/ girlfriend’s family
What type of activities will
your back stage consist of?
What types of activities or
statements will your front
stage consist of?
Role conflict? Role strain?
ERVING GOFFMAN’S
DRAMATURGY-REAL WORLD CONNECTION
•Work in groups of 4-5
•Select one READER to read the information
and your group assignment
•Select one RECORDER to write down team
member names and your answers
•Select 1-2 speakers to share with the class
(volunteer this time if you haven’t in the past)
•EVERYONE: contribute ideas
7 minutes
ERVING GOFFMAN’S DRAMATURGYREAL WORLD CONNECTION
It’s your first Thanksgiving with your
boyfriend/ girlfriend’s family
What type of activities will
your back stage consist of?
What types of activities or
statements will your front
stage consist of?
Role conflict? Role strain?
ERVING GOFFMAN’S
DRAMATURGY-REAL WORLD CONNECTION
You are a being interviewed for your dream job
Back stage?
Front stage?
Role conflict?
Role strain?
ERVING GOFFMAN’S
DRAMATURGY-REAL WORLD CONNECTION
You are bride, today is your wedding day
Back stage?
Front stage?
Role conflict?
Role strain?
ERVING GOFFMAN’S
DRAMATURGY-REAL WORLD CONNECTION
You are running for president of the Sociology club
Back stage?
Front stage?
Role conflict?
Role strain?
ERVING GOFFMAN’S
DRAMATURGY-REAL WORLD CONNECTION
You are a celebrity being interviewed by Oprah
Back stage?
Front stage?
Role conflict?
Role strain?
ERVING GOFFMAN’S
DRAMATURGY-REAL WORLD CONNECTION
You are making a presentation to raise money for
your non-profit organization
Back stage?
Front stage?
Role conflict?
Role strain?
GEORGE HERBERT MEAD
Role Taking
Said the human mind is a social product
Children learn to take the role of others
26
Mead’s 3 stages
Stage 1: Imitation
• Children under age 3
• No sense of self
• Imitate others
27
Mead’s 3 stages
Stage 2: Play
• Ages 3-6
• Play “pretend” others
28
Mead’s 3 stages
Stage 3: Games
• 7+
• Team games
• Organized play
• Learn to take
multiple roles
CHECK THE EXTRA CREDIT OPTIONS
www.soc14.weebly.com
3 points of view on Socialization
Socialization is…
1) Good for society. It teaches children
how to behave,
manners,
rules
Structural
functionalism
2) Good only for those in power. Focuses
on obedience,
not Theory
fighting inequality
Conflict
3) Learned through interaction with
others. Symbolic
Effects ourInteractionsim
self-concept
3 points of view on Socialization
Socialization is…
Structural functionalism
1) Good for society.
It teaches children how to behave,
manners, rules
3 points of view on Socialization
Socialization is…
Conflict Theory 2) Good only for
those in power.
Focuses on obedience, not fighting
inequality
3 points of view on Socialization
Socialization is…
Symbolic Interactionsim
3) Learned through interaction with
others.
Effects our self-concept
Technology and Social Interaction
Technology and Social Interaction
• Clown on Campus
• Multi-tasking, counting passes :50
• Crackberry’d
Digital Nation
1. Answer question #1
2. Answer the other questions while watching
3. Answer the last question after watching
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/digitalnation/view/
Timings
4:28-23:30, 24:00-41:33
HOW TO STUDY FOR TEST 1
1) Use the study guide on the website!
2) Fill out answers
3) Master the information
4) Test yourself
5) Study with a classmate
***Extra hint:
Also review assigned reading, especially article,
chapter 1 assigned pages, and chapter 2’s section on
norms.
Next class:
Test 1 (Chapters 1-4)
•Come to class on time
•Bring a standard 50 question scantron E-882 and pencil
•Multiple choice, 25 questions
•Study class notes, slides on website, and reading
assignments
•Use Study guide posted on website
3 points of view on Socialization
Socialization is…
1) Good for society. It teaches children
how to behave, manners, rules
Structural functionalism
2) Good only for those in power. Focuses
on obedience, not fighting inequality
Conflict Theory
3) Learned through interaction with
others. Effects our self-concept
Symbolic Interactionsim
Moral Dilemmas
Heinz
Choice