Objective: To examine the mid-19th century abolitionist movement. Abolitionists – people who wanted to end slavery in the U.S. Mr. Wenban 7th Social Studies Binghamton East Middle Abolitionist Movement • • • • What was the social problem? What were they fighting for? How did they go about their movement? What type of change did they cause? Frederick Douglass · Douglass taught himself how to read as a child before escaping slavery. · He lectured against slavery throughout the U.S. and Great Britain. · Douglass also started the anti-slavery newspaper The North Star. Angelina and Sarah Grimké · The Grimké sisters were daughters of a wealthy Southern slaveholder. · They gave lectures throughout the U.S. on the evils of slavery. Underground Railroad – secret network of people who helped runaway slaves to reach freedom in the North or Canada · Harriet Tubman lead over 300 slaves to freedom. Harriet Tubman Quotations: “I had reasoned this out in my mind, there was one of two things I had a right to, liberty or death; if I could not have one, I would have the other.” “I had crossed the line. I was free; but there was no one to welcome me to the land of freedom. I was a stranger in a strange land.” “Quakers almost as good as colored.... They call themselves friends and you can trust them every time.” William Lloyd Garrison · Garrison was a white abolitionist who started the anti-slavery newspaper the Liberator. · Garrison also started the New England Anti-Slavery Society. In the very first issue of his anti-slavery newspaper, the Liberator, William Lloyd Garrison stated, "I do not wish to think, or speak, or write, with moderation. . . . I am in earnest -- I will not equivocate -- I will not excuse -- I will not retreat a single inch -- AND I WILL BE HEARD." “Save Us John Parker” dramatizes a family’s escape and rescue from slavery by John Parker, documented in his biography, His Promised Land. (video – 7:54) Underground Railroad Heritage Trail Sites in New York State The John Parker House in Ripley, Ohio. American History Public Policy Analyst • As public policy analysts you will use the AHPPA to identify the social problem and complete the first worksheet. Second, gather the evidence the social problem and complete the second worksheet.