OGT
A glossary of terms:
52-61
LEAGUE OF NATIONS
An organization of
nations set up by the
Versailles Treaty to
discourage aggression
and prevent future
wars. The League
had no army and
depended on the will
of members to stop
aggression. (46)
A
After World War I, the League of
Nations was created to help
resolve international conflicts
before they led to war.
What did Japan’s successful
invasion of Manchuria in 1931
indicate about the ability of
the League of Nations to
prevent World War II?
A. The League had little power to
stop acts of aggression.
B. The League was concerned
only with disputes in Europe.
C. The League’s army was
unprepared for modern
warfare.
D. The League was led by
countries with the weakest
military forces.
LITERACY RATE
The percentage of people in a country able
to read and write. (97)
LOBBYIST
An agent of an interest group hired to
influence legislatures. (140)
MARKET ECONOMY
A system in which economic questions are
answered by the free interaction of
consumers and producers. Under this
system, capital is invested in the hope of
creating more wealth for the entrepreneur
who risks money. Consumers are free to
buy or not buy what is produced. The
laws of supply and demand set prices.
(115)
Market Economy
MARKET ECONOMY TEST
QUESTION
In determining what to produce, how do market
economies typically respond to high consumer
demand for a product?
A. The government regulates the price of the
product.
B. Private companies increase production of the
product.
C. The government sets production quotas until
the demand is met.
D. Private companies and the government work
together to reduce demand.
B
2008 Test Question
Economic systems answer the question of how
goods and services are produced. What is one
way a country could change from a command
economy to a market economy?
A. if the government takes control of family-owned
farms
B. if privately owned banks become subject to
stricter regulation
C. if agricultural and factory workers are required to
join labor unions
D. if industries that had been owned by the
D
government become privately owned
MARSHALL PLAN
U.S. economic assistance given to rebuild
the economies of Western Europe after
World War II. (53)
McCARTHYISM
The widespread suspicion of subversive
Communism in America in the 1950s led
by Senator Joseph McCarthy. (72)
McCARTHYISM
MIDDLE EAST
Region of Southwest
Asia and North Africa,
including Saudi
Arabia, Egypt, Iraq
and Israel. (58)
MIGRATION
The movement of
people from one
area to another.
Social, political,
economic and
environmental
factors may lead to
migration. (104)
Which factor contributed to
increased migration of people
among regions of the United
States in the second half of the
20th century?
A. new restrictions on immigration
from Asia
B. increases in the number of
small family farms
C. the construction of the
Interstate Highway system
D. increased immigration from
Northern and Western Europe
C
MIXED ECONOMY
An economy that
blends features
of traditional,
command and
free market
economies.
(115)
C
Which statement correctly
describes the role of the
government in a country with
a mixed economy?
A. The government allows
economic decisions to be
made by the society’s
traditions and customs.
B. The government makes all
decisions regarding the
production and distribution of
goods.
C. The government makes some
production and distribution
decisions, but other economic
decisions are made by
individuals.
D. The government exercises no
decision making in economic
matters; production and
distribution are determined
solely by individuals.
2009 Test Question
In a certain country, all decisions concerning the production of
goods and services are made by the government. However,
following a political revolution, a new economic system is set
up in which some decisions regarding production of goods
and services are made by the government and others are
made by individuals and private companies.
How has the economy of this country changed?
A. from a mixed economy to a market economy
B. from a command economy to a mixed economy
C. from a market economy to a traditional economy
D. from a traditional economy to a command economy
B
MONARCHY
A government ruled by a hereditary ruler,
such as a king or queen. (133)
• Absolute – People have no say in how
they are governed.
• Constitutional – People have a say in how
they are governed – power is shared
between the Crown and an Elected
Legislature. Ex. England
2009 Question
Which characteristic makes a constitutional
monarchy different from an absolute
monarchy?
A. an official state religion
B. the presence of a noble class
C. a ruler who inherits power by birth
D. laws which limit the power of the ruler
D
4 point Monarchy
Question
Monarchies may be absolute
monarchies or constitutional
monarchies.
• Explain how monarchs usually
acquire power under both types
of monarchies;
• Describe what limits, if any, exist
on how monarchs exercise power
in both types of monarchies.
Write your answer in the Answer
Document. (4 points)