World War II
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Key Terms:
1. Appeasement
2. Neutrality Acts
3. Cash and Carry
4. Lend- Lease Act
5. Atlantic Charter
Causes of World War II
Causes of World War II
Hitler defies Treaty of Versailles
Munich Conference
APPEASEMENT
BLITZKRIEG
Japan Needs Raw Materials
Causes of World War II
Causes of World War II
Hitler defies Treaty of Versailles
• builds up armed forces
•annexed Austria
LEAGUE OF NATIONS DOES
NOTHING!
Munich Conference
APPEASEMENT
• Hitler threatened war unless
he could annex Czechoslovakia
• British give in to avoid war.
BLITZKRIEG! September 1, 1939
•Hitler invades Poland
Japan Needs Raw Materials
• Japan invades China and
Southeast Asia in search of raw
materials (oil, oil, oil)
Alignment of World War II
Allied Powers
Axis Power
Britain
Germany
France
Italy
Soviet Union
Japan
Neutrality Acts of 1935 and 1937
• Stopped U.S. from
selling weapons to
nations at war
• Traveling on the
ships of nations at
war
American Isolationism
Why do you think America
was so opposed to the war?
“Cash and Carry”
• Neutrality Act of1939
• US could sell weapons to
the Allies
• Had to come and pick
them up
• US economy improved
• America becomes the
“Arsenal of Democracy.”
“50 tin cans”
To be neutral…or not to be neutral…
Lend-Lease Plan –
• Britain ran out of cash to pay for American war
materials.
• FDR leases arms to “any country whose defense was
vital to the United States.”
“It’s like lending your hose to a
neighbor if his house were on
fire… You don't want $15 – You
want your hose back after the
fire is over…it's all smashed up.
He says, he will replace it."
“Lend-Lease” Act (1941)
Great Britain.........................$31 billion
Soviet Union...........................$11 billion
France......................................$ 3 billion
China.......................................$1.5 billion
Other European.................$500 million
South America...................$400 million
The amount totaled: $48,601,365,000
Atlantic Charter Meeting, 1941
Roosevelt met with British Prime Minister
Churchill
•They agreed to build a just and lasting peace.
• Aimed to establish free governments in the
world, free from dictators.
Do you think FDR wanted to get involved in World War II based on
what you’ve learned?
Pearl Harbor – Dec. 7, 1941
A date which will live in infamy!
Pearl Harbor from the Cockpit
of a Japanese Plane
USS Arizona, Pearl Harbor
Pearl Harbor Memorial
200 American planes were destroyed
19 ships were sunk
2,887 Americans were killed.
FDR Signs the War Declaration
“December 7, 1941 - A Date Which Will Live In Infamy”
Causes
1.US demands Japan to stop
Imperializing Asia
2.US places Embargo (no
trade) on oil, gas,
iron, rubber with Japan
3.Japan signs alliance
with Germany and Italy
Island Hopping- strategy of moving from island to island until
American forces were in control of the Pacific and prepared to invade Japan.