CAE 213
Introduction to Adult Education
Booker T. Washington
2.
George Washington Carver
3.
Jack Mezirow
4.
Paulo Friere
5.
Myles Horton
6.
Jane Vella
7.
Sharan Merriam and Phyllis Cunningham
8.
Stephen Brookfield
9.
James Fowler
10.
Kenn Gangel
What educational convictions and practices do they share?
What makes them different?
1.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
All emphasize identification with the learner (some more directly
than others).
All believe that education can be transformative.
All are deeply involved in the facilitation of adult learning.
All were successful facilitators of adult learning in their context.
All emphasized the importance of experiential learning as
opposed to abstract/disconnected knowledge transfer.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Booker T. Washington – was an oppressed
young adult who was personally transformed
through access to education. Worked within
the social structure to transform individual
lives without directly addressing the injustices
of the system. For this reason he was identified
as having non-threatening racial views. He
was “The Great Accomodator.”
George Washington Carver
Jack Mezirow
Paulo Friere
1.
Booker T. Washington – an oppressed young
2.
George Washington Carver – was committed
to better the lot of the man farthest down.
Held a holistic view of humanity’s need
including spirituality. Worked within the
system to transform the lives of those farthest
down.
Jack Mezirow
Paulo Friere
3.
4.
adult, transformed through education, worked within
structure to transform individual lives.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Booker T. Washington – an oppressed young adult,
transformed through education, worked within structure to
transform individual lives.
George Washington Carver – Worked within the
system to transform the lives of those farthest down.
Jack Mezirow – Identified and developed
transformational learning theory. Outlined the
transformative learning process as experience,
critical reflection, and personal development.
Worked to transform individual lives by
challenging previously held perspectives and
limitations.
Paulo Friere
1.
Booker T. Washington – an oppressed young adult,
2.
George Washington Carver – Worked within the
3.
Jack Mezirow –Transformed individuals by challenging
4.
Paulo Friere – identified with the struggles of
oppressed people. Developed a consciousnessraising process to motivate oppressed learners to
become literate and work to transform inherently
oppressive social structures. Used the cultural
knowledge of learners in the consciousnessraising process.
transformed through education, worked within structure to
transform individual lives.
system to transform the lives of those farthest down.
perspectives and limitations.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Booker T. Washington
George Washington Carver
Jack Mezirow
Paulo Friere
Myles Horton – used adult education to mobilize and empower
learner to modify oppressive social structures.
Jane Vella – used dialogue to access the knowledge base of
learners and motivate them to form answers that could resolve
their contextual needs.
Sharan Merriam and Phyllis Cunningham – Trained effective
adult educators.
Stephen Brookfield – Trained reflective adult educators.
James Fowler
Kenn Gangel
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Booker T. Washington
George Washington Carver
Jack Mezirow
Paulo Friere
Myles Horton
Jane Vella
Sharan Merriam and Phyllis Cunningham
Stephen Brookfield
James Fowler – Outlined a theory of faith development that
many adult educators use in facilitating spiritual development.
Kenn Gangel – Viewed adult education as a strategic resource
for local church educational ministry.
Imagine Booker T. Washington, George Washington
Carver, Jack Mezirow, Paulo Friere, Myles Horton, Jane
Vella, Sharan Merriam and Phyllis Cunningham, Stephen
Brookfield, James Fowler, and Kenn Gangel were able to
sit down and talk. This could not have happened because
they lived in different places and during different times.
If they could sit down and compare notes, how do you
think each of them would answer the following 5
questions:
Booker T. Washington
George Washington Carver
Jack Mezirow
Paulo Friere
Myles Horton
Jane Vella
Sharan Merriam and/or Phyllis Cunningham
Stephen Brookfield
James Fowler
Kenn Gangel
Booker T. Washington
George Washington Carver
Jack Mezirow
Paulo Friere
Myles Horton
Jane Vella
Sharan Merriam and/or Phyllis Cunningham
Stephen Brookfield
James Fowler
Kenn Gangel
Booker T. Washington
George Washington Carver
Jack Mezirow
Paulo Friere
Myles Horton
Jane Vella
Sharan Merriam and/or Phyllis Cunningham
Stephen Brookfield
James Fowler
Kenn Gangel
Booker T. Washington
George Washington Carver
Jack Mezirow
Paulo Friere
Myles Horton
Jane Vella
Sharan Merriam and/or Phyllis Cunningham
Stephen Brookfield
James Fowler
Kenn Gangel
Booker T. Washington
George Washington Carver
Jack Mezirow
Paulo Friere
Myles Horton
Jane Vella
Sharan Merriam and/or Phyllis Cunningham
Stephen Brookfield
James Fowler
Kenn Gangel
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File - Cross-Cultural Adult Education