Juan Verdades By Teacher Jasmine Big Question How do we demonstrate trustworthiness? Generalize • Is a broad statement or rule that applies to many examples. • Sometimes when you read, you can generalize. When you are given ideas about several things or people and you can make a statement that applies to all of them, you are generalizing. • Valid generalizations are supported by examples, facts, or good logic. Invalid generalizations are not supported. Prefixes • Re- “again” or “back” • Dis- “to remove” or “the opposite of” Vocabulary • • • • • • • • Confidently Dismounted Distressed Flourish Fulfill Permission Repay Vigorously P. 424-425 Confidently • With certainty and sureness; with firm belief Dismounted • Got off a horse or bicycle Distressed • Unhappy or full of sorrow Flourish • To grow or develop well; to thrive Fulfill • To cause to happen; to accomplish Repay • To give back, to return, or to pay back Vigorously • With great strength or energy Explore • Are you likely to trust a friend with a secret? Why or why not? • Who would you be likely to trust with the responsibility of taking care of your pet? • What characteristics would make a person worthy of your trust? • What word is a synonym for trust? Folk Tale • The word folk comes from a German word meaning “people”. Folk tales are stories of the common people. For generations, most folktales were told aloud before anyone wrote them down. This is why each version of a folk tale is slightly different from all the other versions. Guide Questions • How do you know that don Ignacio’s generalization, “He has never told me a lie,” is valid? • Why do you think the author includes so many phrases and words in Spanish in the dialogue? • In the first two pages of the folk tale, the author introduces the conflict that the characters will have to resolve. State the conflict of this • story in your own words. Guide Questions • Do you think don Arturo has made a mistake? • Why do you think Juan Verdades begins to fall in love with Araceli? • The author uses foreshadowing on P.431 when he says about Araceli, but now she had a plan of her own as well. What do you think her plan is, and how do you think she will carry it out? Guide Questions • Visualize the changes in Juan Verdade’s character after Araceli requests all the apples from the special tree. Describe how you imagine his manner is similar and different from a few moments earlier. Explain • How do you predict Araceli will respond to Juan’s refusal to her request? Explain • Heroes in folk tales have common characteristics. Think about Juan Verdades and the heroes of other folk tales you have read. List characteristics that they have in common. Guide Questions • What generalization can you make about Juan based on his or her conversation with don Ignacio? • In folk tales, the hero often must pass a test of some kind to prove his or her worthiness. Use this generalization to make a prediction about whether Juan Verdades will pass his test. Guide Questions • Why is don Arturo “gleeful” as he runs to tell don Ignacio about the apples? • On P.437, Araceli visits don Ignacio unexpectedly and makes a request he can’t deny. What prediction can you make, based on this knowledge and what you know about folk tales? • Apply Juan’s experience to an experience you have had-for example, facing the dilemma about telling the truth. Explain how the experiences were similar and/or different. Guide Questions • Why do you think Juan answers don Ignacio’s question the way he does? • How is this story like other folk tales you have read? How is it different? • In the story, Juan’s riddle is solved after “a moment.” How long did it take to solve the riddle? What helped most in solving it?