BODY PARAGRAPHS
• REMEMBER:
• 3 main body paragraphs
• 2 – 3 points/proofs/comments per
paragraph
• save your strongest argument for the last
paragraph
Sample Essay Question and
Thesis
Essay Question: Is Duddy Kravitz more of a
victim or a villain in The Apprenticeship of
Duddy Kravitz?
Thesis: Thus, Duddy Kravitz is more of a
villain in The Apprenticeship of Duddy
Kravitz insofar as he negatively affects
others physically, emotionally, and
financially.
TOPIC SENTENCE
• 1st sentence, begins with a transition word
(e.g. Firstly)
• Introduces focus, limits scope, and relates to
thesis
• Shouldn't be too broad or too specific
• e.g. Firstly, Richler villainizes Duddy by
showing the physical harm he inflicts on
others.
POINT
- an idea that supports your topic sentence
- again, use transition words to help your
writing flow and move from one idea to the
next
- remember: you need at least 2 points per
paragraph
POINT (cont'd)
- IMPORTANT: Make sure that you are not
confusing a point with an example! A point
is a little argument or idea that is supported
by a specific example and quotation.
e.g. To begin, Duddy's antics cause a loss of
life in the text. For example, he is
responsible for Jenny MacPherson's death.
PROOF
- a quotation—an excerpt from the text (dialogue,
stage direction, descriptive passage) that helps
prove your point and, by extension, your thesis
-must be incorporated smoothly—lead-in to your
quotation by briefly indicating who is speaking to
whom, when, and where
-you must include the correct page number (for
novels) or (Act.scene.line) reference (for plays) at
the end of your quotation
PROOF (continued)
To begin, Duddy's antics cause a loss of life in
the text. For example, he is responsible for
Jenny MacPherson's death. When Mr.
MacPherson returns to school following
Jenny's death, he accuses Duddy of killing
his wife. At first, he indirectly blames
Duddy by asking him, “It was you who
phoned, wasn't it?” (38). He then asserts
Duddy's culpability by repeating, “You
killed my wife, Kravitz....You killed my
COMMENTS
• MOST IMPORTANT PART!!!
• At least 2 sentences per point
Sentence(s) #1(+): links back to your point—
explains how your evidence proves the point
that you are trying to make
COMMENTS (continued)
Sentence(s) #2(+): links back to your topic
sentence and thesis—explains how your
evidence proves the argument that you are
trying to make
...shows... ...illustrates...… reveals...
Target SPECIFIC DETAILS in the quotation!
Don't be afraid of re-quoting important
words in your explanation
COMMENTS (continued)
• These quotations show that Duddy is responsible
for Jenny MacPherson's death. Mr. MacPherson is
certain of Duddy's guilt, as evidenced by the way
he assigns blame to him three times. His
repetition of “my wife” twice helps to reinforce
his sense of loss and, by extension, the nefarious
character of the individual responsible for her
death. It is clear that Duddy is a villain as he is
responsible for the physical harm that ultimately
costs the invalid Jenny her life.
CONCLUDING SENTENCE
- Transition: In conclusion, Thus, Therefore
- Sums up your paragraph's main idea—
basically, your topic sentence reworded (Use
a thesaurus! Don't cut and paste!)
e.g. In conclusion, Richler portrays Duddy as
villain by showing how he is responsible for
physically harming other people.
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Thesis - Chatt