Learning Goals
Reading for Information
• Objective RI 7.2
• I can identify two or more main ideas in
the text.
• I can summarize what I have read using
facts, not my own opinions.
Learning Goals
Reading for Information
Objective RI 7.3
• I can explain how the people, events, and
ideas in the text influenced the events.
Review of Jack and The
Beanstalk
• The story of Jack and the Beanstalk is all
fresh in our memory. Today we are going
to put these events of this story into a Plot
Diagram as we begin our review of
Literary Terms used in 7th grade.
Identifying the
Elements of A
Plot Diagram
Plot Diagram
3
2
1
4
5
Plot
(definition)
• Plot is the series of events in
a story that explain to the
reader what is happening.
One of the easiest ways to
understand plot is to look at
the mountain shaped plot
diagram and think of story in
terms of climbing a
mountain.
1. Exposition
• Stage 1 - Exposition
• Exposition is at the base of the mountain or the
beginning of the story. This is where the author sets up
the story including characters, setting, and main
conflicts.
2. Rising Action
• This part of the story begins to
develop the conflict(s). A building of
interest or suspense occurs.
3. Climax
• The Climax is the turning point of the story. You have
reached the top of the mountain and you cannot go any
further, you have to turn and go down. This point in the
story is when things finally start to move in a different
direction and it may not always be a positive direction.
4. Falling Action
• Falling Action occurs after
the climax as things start
to work themselves out in
the story. You are coming
down the mountain just
as you are coming down
from the excitement of
the climax.
5. Resolution
• The Resolution is the
solution to the
problem as you have
reached the bottom of
the mountain. The
solution might not be
what you want, but
the conflict has been
resolved.
• The following literary elements will be discussed as we
study:
• Plot: The chain of related events that explains to us what
happens in a story
• Conflict aka "the Hook": A struggle between two
opposing characters or forces
• Character: A person, animal, or imaginary creature in a
story, play, or another literary work
• Setting: The time and place of a story
• Theme: The general idea or message about life that is
revealed through a work of literature
Putting It All Together
1. Exposition
2. Rising Action
Beginning of
Story
Middle of Story
3. Climax
4. Falling Action
5. Resolution
End of Story
Application
• You are going to be given events from
Outsiders and you are going to determine
in which order they should appear on your
plot diagram.
Major Episodes:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Daily is killed by the police.
Pony and Johnny hide out in Windrixville.
Pony makes up with Darry at the hospital.
Pony accepts that Johnny has died.
Johnny kills Bob.
The gang rescues Pony when he is jumped by the Socs.
The greasers beat the Socs in the rumble.
The Socs confront Cherry and Marcia with the greasers.
Pony, Johnny and Dally rescue the children in the
burning church.
Major Events
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Pony has to write about all his adventures with the gang.
Dally is upset, so he went and robbed a store
Johnny dies in front of Pony and Dally
The greasers win the rumble and they all celebrate.
Johnny gets burned while he tried to save kids from the burning
church.
Pony and Johnny hide in the vacant church.
Bob and Randy tried to drown Pony. Johnny killed Bob and the rest
of the Socs ran away.
Ponyboy almost got jumped but the gang came and scared the
Socs.
We meet Ponyboy and the gang. It is the summer of 1960.
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Rubric
Elements of Plot
Organization
Subject
Knowledge
Mechanics
1
2
3
4
Poor
Fair
Good
Excellent
Audience cannot understand
presentation because there is no
sequence of information.
Audience has difficulty following
presentation because student
jumps around.
Poor
Fair
Student does not have grasp of
information; student cannot
answer questions about subject.
Poor
Student's presentation has four
or more spelling errors and/or
grammatical errors.
Student is uncomfortable with
information and is able to
answer only rudimentary
questions.
Fair
Presentation has three
misspellings and/or grammatical
errors.
Student presents information in
logical sequence which
audience can follow.
Student presents information in
logical, interesting sequence
which audience can follow.
Good
Excellent
Student is at ease with expected
answers to all questions, but
fails to elaborate.
Student demonstrates full
knowledge (more than required)
by answering all class questions
with explanations and
elaboration.
Good
Excellent
Presentation has no more than
two misspellings and/or
grammatical errors.
Presentation has no
misspellings or grammatical
errors.
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Identifying the Elements of A Plot Diagram