Bell Work Use the timeline on 24-25 to answer the following questions 1. About when did the first modern humans appear in Africa? 2. When did the Ice Ages end? 3. About how many years passed between the end of the Ice Ages and Catal Huyuk’s growth into a large town? 4. Why does the time line have breaks in it? Chapter 2: The Stone Ages and Early Cultures Prehistory Hominid Ancestor Tool Paleolithic Era Society HunterGatherers Migrate Ice Ages Land bridge Mesolithic Era Neolithic Era Domestication Agriculture Megaliths How do movies, comic strips, television programs, video games, or other media. Prehistory Writing was not invented until about 5,000 years ago. Thus, historians call the time before there was writing prehistory. Archaeologists (Important Discovers about prehistory) Mary and Louis Leakey 1959 Bones in East Africa Date back 1.5 million years old Donald Johanson 1974 Bones in East Africa (Ethiopia) Date back 3 million years old Lucy Lucy’s Skeleton Woman Small Walked on 2 legs Hominid Early Hominids and Stone Age Tools Australopithecus Homo Habilis Homo Erectus Homo Sapien What is a tool? The Stone Ages The Stone Ages are divided into 3 periods based on the kinds of tools used at the time. Stone Ages Paleolithic (Old Stone Age) Mesolithic (Middle Stone Age) Neolithic (New Stone Age) Hominids Australopithecus Homo Habilis Homo Erectus Homo Sapien Flow Chart Example 1 Flow Chart Example 2 Hominids Australopithecus 1 Homo Habilis 2 Homo Sapien 4 Homo Erectus 3 Flow Chart Example 3 Australopithecus Homo Habilis Homo Erectus Homo Sapien Assignment Create a Flow Chart Use an entire page Name of the Hominid Nickname Location of the hominid List type of tools they used (made out of) How did they create them Explain what the tools were used for Draw an example of the tool used P. 32 Paleolithic Period Hunter Gatherer Society Page 32 Activities: Identify the various activities going on in the picture. Hardships What hardships did early hunter-gatherers face, suggested by the picture? Chores: What is the difference between the men’s chores and women’s chores, shared chores? Bell Work Write the Sentences 1. Read “Linking to Today” on page 33. Why weren't the Stone Age people’s tools as primitive as we might think? 2. T or F. Historians use the term prehistory to refer to the time before there was writing. 3. T or F. Scientists think the first tools were developed to use as weapons. 4. T or F. An important development of homo erectus was the ability to control fire. 5. Look at the cave painting on page 34. What do you think was the purpose of cave paintings? Stone Age Language, Art, Religion Language-most important* Grunting, Gestures, Expressions Hunting easier Form relationships Resolve Issues (distribute food) Art-Cave Paintings Expressive Hunt? Religious? Religion-little knowledge Graves with food How did Stone Age people communicate? What is one possible reason for the development of language? Communicating Without Words Activity Groups of 2 or 3 1 “speaker” two “guessers” A piece of paper and pencil No verbal speaking Gestures, appropriate grunts (no, yes), facial expressions, signing, or drawings You may not skip a card Record your successes on the sheet of paper The Iceman page 35 Why do you think the Iceman was in the Alps? Did you Know The Iceman may have been hungry when he died. Scientists determined from studying a portion of the Iceman’s intestine that he had not eaten within eight hours of his death. Exit Ticket 1. Who found the bones of Lucy? 2. Why do we need historians and archaeologists to study prehistory? 3. What is a hunter-gatherer? 4. What is the most important development of early Stone Age Culture? 5. List the tools that go with the following (in order): Australopithecus, homo habilis, homo erectus, homo sapien.