Bell Work
Use the timeline on 24-25 to answer the following questions
1. About when did the first modern humans
appear in Africa?
2. When did the Ice Ages end?
3. About how many years passed between the
end of the Ice Ages and Catal Huyuk’s
growth into a large town?
4. Why does the time line have breaks in it?
Chapter 2: The Stone Ages and Early
Cultures
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Prehistory
Hominid
Ancestor
Tool
Paleolithic
Era
 Society
 HunterGatherers
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Migrate
Ice Ages
Land bridge
Mesolithic
Era
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Neolithic Era
Domestication
Agriculture
Megaliths
How do movies, comic strips,
television programs, video games, or
other media.
Prehistory
 Writing was not invented until about 5,000
years ago. Thus, historians call the time before
there was writing prehistory.
Archaeologists
(Important Discovers about prehistory)
 Mary and Louis
Leakey
 1959
 Bones in East Africa
 Date back 1.5
million years old
 Donald Johanson
 1974
 Bones in East Africa
(Ethiopia)
 Date back 3 million
years old
 Lucy
Lucy’s Skeleton
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Woman
Small
Walked on 2 legs
Hominid
Early Hominids and Stone Age Tools
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Australopithecus
Homo Habilis
Homo Erectus
Homo Sapien
What is a tool?
The Stone Ages
 The Stone Ages are divided into 3 periods
based on the kinds of tools used at the time.
Stone Ages
 Paleolithic (Old Stone Age)
 Mesolithic (Middle Stone Age)
 Neolithic (New Stone Age)
Hominids
Australopithecus
Homo Habilis
Homo Erectus
Homo Sapien
Flow Chart
Example 1
Flow Chart
Example 2
Hominids
Australopithecus
1
Homo Habilis
2
Homo Sapien
4
Homo Erectus
3
Flow Chart
Example 3
Australopithecus
Homo Habilis
Homo Erectus
Homo Sapien
Assignment
Create a Flow Chart
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Use an entire page
Name of the Hominid
Nickname
Location of the hominid
List type of tools they used (made out of)
How did they create them
Explain what the tools were used for
Draw an example of the tool used
P. 32
Paleolithic Period
Hunter Gatherer Society
Page 32
 Activities:
 Identify the various activities going on in the
picture.
 Hardships
 What hardships did early hunter-gatherers face,
suggested by the picture?
 Chores:
 What is the difference between the men’s chores
and women’s chores, shared chores?
Bell Work
Write the Sentences
1.
Read “Linking to Today” on page 33. Why weren't
the Stone Age people’s tools as primitive as we
might think?
2. T or F. Historians use the term prehistory to refer
to the time before there was writing.
3. T or F. Scientists think the first tools were
developed to use as weapons.
4. T or F. An important development of homo erectus
was the ability to control fire.
5. Look at the cave painting on page 34. What do you
think was the purpose of cave paintings?
Stone Age
Language, Art, Religion
 Language-most important*
 Grunting, Gestures,
Expressions
 Hunting easier
 Form relationships
 Resolve Issues (distribute
food)
 Art-Cave Paintings
 Expressive
 Hunt?
 Religious?
 Religion-little knowledge
 Graves with food
 How did Stone Age people
communicate?
 What is one possible reason
for the development of
language?
Communicating Without Words
Activity
 Groups of 2 or 3
 1 “speaker” two “guessers”
 A piece of paper and pencil
 No verbal speaking
 Gestures, appropriate grunts (no, yes), facial
expressions, signing, or drawings
 You may not skip a card
 Record your successes on the sheet of paper
The Iceman
page 35
 Why do you think the Iceman was in the Alps?
Did you Know
The Iceman may have been hungry when he died.
Scientists determined from studying a portion of
the Iceman’s intestine that he had not eaten
within eight hours of his death.
Exit Ticket
1. Who found the bones of Lucy?
2. Why do we need historians and
archaeologists to study prehistory?
3. What is a hunter-gatherer?
4. What is the most important development of
early Stone Age Culture?
5. List the tools that go with the following (in
order): Australopithecus, homo habilis,
homo erectus, homo sapien.
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Bell Work Use the timeline on 24-25 to answer the following questions