Program
Peningkatan 2Q
PMR 2012
QUALITY FACTOR
In order to get an A
 Students must score at least 35/ 40 for
paper 1
 Students must score at least 37/ 50 for
paper 2
 Suggestions, students must at least score
 15 marks for section A
 12 marks for section B
 10 marks for section C

QUANTITY FACTOR
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In order to pass (a D)
Students must score at least 20/40 for paper 1
Students must score at least 20/50 for paper 2
Suggestions for paper 2
Section A – 12 marks
Section B - 5 marks
Section C - 5 marks
22 marks
An A essay
 Ideas
and details well-developed
 Language and mechanic of writing is
accurate
 Sentence structures varied and
effective
 Vocabulary is wide
 Interesting to read
Basic Requirement in Task Fulfillment
In order to get at least 15 marks, a student’s
essay must at least fulfill these criteria
 Ideas developed with sufficient details
 Vocabulary is apt
 Able to use variety of sentence structure
 Interest is arouse

BRAINSTORMING FOR IDEAS
How to find ideas?
Holiday
1. Find the words related to the given words
No school
Free time
relax
Family activity
camping
trip
vacation
The usual cliche start
During the holidays, Johan and his family travelled to
Melaka to attend a wedding. They went there by car.
In the car, there were his father, Encik Jamil, his
mother, Puan Sara, Johan and his younger sister, Lily.
The examiners would find this
 sentences not varied
 -lack elaboration and details
 -vocabulary too simple.
 -safe writing but not interesting.
 And most probably…plain boring
 Almost all students with average command of
English write the same thing. It’s not interesting!
Instead, drill the students to elaborate with
more adjectives

Sample 1 : Using description
They started their journey very early in the
morning that day. Mother said they were going to
a cousin’s wedding in Sungai Petani, Kedah. The
thought of four to five hours of travelling in a
cramped car with his two younger siblings not
only disturbed him but added headache to his
already reluctant mood.
The better students to do this
Sample 2: Using quotation/saying/proverbs
Experience is the best teacher. One
might not understand the meaning of this saying
unless he experiences it himself. That was what
had happened to Johan and his family. On that
day, what started as an ordinary journey to
attend a wedding had turned out to be a lifetime experience for this one happy family and
surely something which they would never forget
for the rest of their life.
The high proficient ones to do this….
Sample 3: Using dialogues
“ Dad, how far more is the place?” Johan’s restless
little sister was asking the same question over
and over again.
It had been a three-hour non-stop
journey and boredom was clearly seen on
everybody’s face. Johan’s family was travelling to
Melaka to attend a cousin’s wedding. What began
as an exciting trip turned exhausting as the clock
ticked but they were yet to reach the bride’s
house.
REMEMBER
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Give an interesting title to the story.
Start the essay with an interesting introduction.
This will give a good impression of the essay.
Make sure the students use the right and
consistent tense in the essay.
Include a moral value if possible.
To gain some merits ( which could push the
band higher), students should know how to use
idiomatic expressions such as proverbs, similes,
figurative words…etc
Avoid spelling mistakes because it is a serious
error if repeated and occurs to common words.

Past year questions
2005
 2006
 2007
 2008
 2009
 2010
 2011

- description/report
- informal letter
- story
- speech
- article for school magazine
- story
- opinion/making a choice
Literature Section B Paper 2
Question 2
This section requires candidate to write a short essay and
give a simple personal response.
A candidate’s response should come from ONE novel
only.
Outline suggestion
1.Should start by mentioning the title of the novel and the
author.
2. Write a brief synopsis
3. State the answer.
4. Cite at least two (2) evidence
5.Conclude your answer by summarizing the evidence
SAMPLE ANSWER FOR SECTION B
Choose one of the novels, then write about an incident that
you think is important. Give reasons why you think the
incident is important.
Support your answer with evidence from the novel.
The novel – How I met myself
Brief synopsis of `how I met myself
The incident – When John Taylor first met his doppelganger.
Evi.1) This incident changed John Taylor. He started to find
out more about the man and spent more time at Gergely
Utca Café.
Evi. 2) This incident affected John’s relationship with his wife.
Remember
 To elaborate and give the details for the
reasons.
 Use simple sentences and avoid from
making grammatical and structural mistakes.
 If the students are not sure of a fact, don’t
write about it.
 Make sure the spelling of the characters’
name are correct.
(Janos Szabo, No. 7 Felka Utca, Kati, Zsolt,
Gergely Utca, Paul Harris)
NOVEL
How I met myself
AUTHOR David A Hill
BRIEF
This story is about John Taylor, an Englishman
SYNOPSIS who worked in Budapest. One day as he was
walking home from work, he met a man who
looked exactly like him. He felt that the man
was connected to him. In the end, he found out
that the man was his doppelganger, a ghost
from the past who came to help him saved his
family.
QUESTION
( character,
incident,
place, moral
value, theme,
lesson)
The character that interest me the most in the
story is John Taylor.
Evidence 1 First, I like John Taylor because he is a very
determined person.
Elaboration After he accidentally met his doppelganger, he
(E.1)
set his mind to find the truth. He returned to the
place he found the man and waited almost every
day in the hope that he would meet him. He
asked people and searched through newspaper
article about a man named Janos Szabo, who had
lived at the place in 1945. His determination paid
off and he understood why the doppelganger
came to find him.
Evidence 2 Besides, he is also a brave person.
Elaboration He thought he had found a ghost, nevertheless, he
(E.2)
goes all out to find out the truth. Not many people
are brave enough to face such encounter. He was
also brave enough to go into the burning café to
save his wife.
Conclusion All in all, not only John Taylor a determined
person, he is also brave .These characteristics make
him a very admirable person and that is why I
admire him.
Past year questions

2005
2006
 2007

2008
 2009
 2010
 2011

- Moral value
(Honesty/responsibility)
- Like/dislike the ending
- characters, cooperate to gain
success.
- important incident
- characters/friendship
- a positive quality of a character
- an event that makes you unhappy
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SECTION C: SUMMARY
Awarding of marks
 Content
– 5 marks
Ability to identify main content

Language
– 5 marks
Ability to write the main content
using own words without changing
the original meaning.

Total
- 10 marks
.
Things to remember
1)To use the 10 words ( introductory line) given
and make sure the spellings are correct.
2)Omit the examples
3)Do not include unnecessary details like
explanations, repetitions or long-winded
explanations.(check – such as, for instance, like)
4)Check the pronoun to be used (I, you, she, he).
5)Do not exceed the word limit. (do not exceed 60
words
If the summary is longer than the words allowed,
the candidate might have included irrelevant
points.
 If the summary is too short, a candidate might
have missed out important points

TO EARN MAXIMUM MARKS FOR
SUMMARY
1.REARRANGE THE SENTENCE
This hobby enriches one’s geographical and
historical knowledge of a country.
(Arranged as)
One’s geographical and historical knowledge of a
country can be enriched.
2. REPLACE SOME WORDS WITH
SYNONYMS
This would enhance family ties.
This would improve family ties.
(but make sure the new word does not change the
meaning or the idea presented by the content
point).
3.ADD LINKERS
Collecting coins enables us to widen our circle of
friends and enhance our family ties.
(arrange the points as they appear in the original
text)
Example of linkers : First, Second, Next,
Furthermore, Besides, also, In addition
4. USE COLLECTIVE NOUNS
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She went to the shop to get a packet of sugar, a
bottle of milk, a can of mushroom and a packet
of spaghetti
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She went to the shop to get some groceries
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My mom just bought a sofa bed, a dining set, a
shoe rack and a coffee table for Hari Raya.
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My mom bought new furniture for Hari Raya
REMEMBER
 To use simple and precise sentences to present
your content points.
 To write the number of words.
 Do not exceed the word limit

Drilling on their summary. Even a low proficiency
candidate is able to gain an 8/10 for the summary
question in the PMR examination.
Dear Editor,
I am writing this letter to express my appreciation to all Malaysians who
had made my visit to Malaysia a meaningful one.
Upon reaching Kuala Lumpur International Airport, I took a taxi to Kuala
Lumpur city. The taxi driver greeted me with a warm smile and showed
me to his taxi. He was also kind enough to recommend places of interest
that I should visit in your country.
Over the next few weeks, I travelled around the country. I visited Melaka,
Pulau Langkawi, Pulau Redang and Genting Highlands, just to name a
few. In Langkawi, I had the opportunity to be with the locals and also
enjoy home-cooked dishes. I was truly touched by their friendliness and
hospitality. It was a wonderful experience!
What I found unique about Malaysia is the way people of different races
and religions live peacefully as one. I noticed this from the way
Malaysians celebrated their National Day. Clearly, the way everyone
came together is an excellent example of tolerance and understanding.
This is what Malaysia should highlight to the rest of the world.
Let me say ‘terima kasih’ to all those who have made my stay a memorable
one. I will definitely come again and I would also promote Malaysia to all
my friends back in England.
Andrew Jacob
SUMMARY
LINKERS/
SEQUENCE
CONNECTORS
1. First
2. and
3. Besides
4. Furthermore
5. and
CONTENT POINTS
the taxi driver greeted him with a
warm smile
he was kind enough to recommend
places of interest
Andrew travelled around the country.
he had the opportunity to be with
the locals
enjoy home-cooked dishes
ADDITIONAL CONTENT POINT
6. Lastly
he was truly touched by their
friendliness and hospitality
7.
the way people of different races
and religions live peacefully.
Andrew
visited
Malaysia
and
he
was
impressed
with
Malaysia
because
first,
the
taxi
driver
greeted
him
with
a
warm
smile
and
was
also
kind
enough
to
recommend
places
of
interest.
Besides,
Andrew
travelled
around
the
country
and
had
the
chance
to
be
with
the
locals
and
enjoy
dishes.
Furthermore
,
he
was
truly
homecooked
touched
by
their
friendliness
and
hospitality.