Migration and Higher Education An overseas perspective Pat Killingley Director Higher Education February 2012 UK Higher Education currently: 435,235 international students in the UK 13% global market share (2nd after US’s 16%) 17% of student body in the UK 20%+ of UK academics are international Value of international HE to the UK economy is £14.1bn per year International students in UK HE 2011/12 Students by domicile, level of study and mode of study 2011/12 Postgraduate Undergraduate Domicile Full-time Part-time Full-time UK 132785 226010 1212025 490590 2061410 Non-UK 176640 33070 199950 25575 435235 Other EU 37090 12375 73660 9430 132550 Non-EU 139550 20695 126295 16145 302680 309425 259080 1411975 516165 2496645 Total Source: HESA Student Record 2011/12 Part-time All students Top non-EU sending countries 2011-12 Top ten non-EU countries of domicile in 2011/12 for HE students in UK Higher Education Institutions Country of domicile China India Nigeria United States Malaysia Hong Kong Saudi Arabia Pakistan Thailand Canada All other non-EU countries Total non-EU domicile Source: HESA Student Record 2010/11, 2011/12 2010/11 67325 39090 17585 15555 13900 10440 10270 10185 5945 5905 101915 298110 2011/12 78715 29900 17620 16335 14545 11335 9860 8820 6235 6115 103205 302680 % change 16.9% -23.5% 0.2% 5.0% 4.6% 8.6% -4.0% -13.4% 4.9% 3.5% 1.3% 1.5% British Council UK's international organisation for educational opportunities and cultural relations, creating international opportunities for the people of the UK and other countries - has a global network of 191 offices in over 100 countries specialist education teams in all regions of the world - has worked with HEIs in the UK and overseas, supporting their international work for over 70 years - reaches 10,000 education policy makers & institutions,+ 250 million students and alumni across the world every year British Council and international students - promotion of UK study opportunities through the Education UK brand and Education UK website, social media and publications http://www.educationuk.org/ - 200 Education UK exhibitions in overseas countries every year - UK Alumni international networks - Services for International Education Marketing to support UK institutions https://siem.britishcouncil.org/ - education market intelligence on global and country education markets http://ihe.britishcouncil.org/ihe-exchange - Education Agents’ training programmes British Council and student visa issues Contribution to the evidence base - Student perception survey (‘Student Insight’ series) - Agent perceptions survey - Media monitoring in-country Overseas communications & campaigns - Education UK website, social media, publications, exhibitions - media response and press releases - agent communications and briefings - visa ‘roadshows’ UK positioning and reputation management - Relationship building with overseas politicians, ministries, sector agencies, scholarship bodies, institutions, schools, agents, media Student perceptions and motivations overseas Why students choose the UK: 1. Quality of education 2. Career prospects 3. Experience of the UK Opportunity to work while studying and post study work is in 5th place, but particularly important to Indian students What are the most important visa issues? 1. Ease of obtaining a visa 2. Length of time required for processing (80% thought 2 weeks fair) 3. Transparency of application process 4. Cost Most difficult countries to get a visa? USA (43%); UK (23%) Views of international students in the UK National Union of Students: International Students’ Employability Survey (January-March 2012) 1,200 responses from international students in the UK Main reason for studying in the UK ‘to increase global job prospects’ ‘significant … outrage and disappointment at the closure of the post study work visa’ As a result 62% of South Asian respondents would not recommend UK study to a friend 14% of those who are working, or wish to work, while studying, are not confident that they understand the visa regulations Education agents’ perceptions overseas British Council Surveys (1): 200 Agents in 20 countries (2): 2000 Agents (countries not specified) Do you understand the UK visa system? Do you need more information? - 50% understood; 50% did not understand; all needed more information Are recent visa changes discouraging students from applying to the UK? - 66% said yes Annual growth rates in US, UK and Australia • British Council analysis. Data sources: HESA; IIE, Opendoors (2012); AEI (2013 - referring to November data for 2012).