Social Studies Theme 4: Life in the Colonies Game Show Quiz Multiple Choice Questions Choose the best answer for each question. Q1: John Winthrop led the A. B. C. D. Pilgrims. Puritans. Separatists. dissenters. Q2: Which of the following was not a reason to come to the colonies? A. B. C. D. to to to to escape tolerance own their own land find religious freedom work in the fur trade Q3: The Southern Colonies had large plantations because of the A. B. C. D. cold climate and rocky soil. lack of workers. size of the land claims. warm climate and rich soil. Q4: Who founded the colony of Maryland? A. B. C. D. William Bradford James Oglethorpe Lord Baltimore John Winthrop Q5: What is the meaning of the word persecution? A. B. C. D. practices unjust treatment prosecution belief Q6: What was the official religion of the colony of Virginia? A. B. C. D. Puritanism Quakerism Catholicism Anglicanism Q7: What was gained from the First Great Awakening? A. better relations between settlers and American Indians B. an increased interest in government C. an increased interest in religion D. an increased interest in moving westward Q8: John Smith was a leader in A. B. C. D. Massachusetts. Virginia. Carolina. Plymouth. Q9: What did George Whitefield, Jonathan Edwards, Gilbert Tennent, and Samuel Davies have in common? A. They were generals. B. They were founders of colonies. C. They were governors of royal colonies. D. They were preachers. Q10: The town common in New England Colonies was A. the most important trading center. B. where people gathered for prayer services. C. an open space in the center where cattle and sheep could graze. D. a special kind of market. Q11: Who were the supporters of slavery? A. B. C. D. preachers indentured servants plantation owners proprietors Q12: What was the purpose of the Mayflower Compact? A. to ensure religious freedom B. to establish a basis for a government C. to establish a House of Burgesses D. to elect representatives Q13: What caused slavery to increase in the Southern Colonies? A. B. C. D. Many American Indians died. Auctions increased. Indentured servants left. Plantations grew. Q14: Why did early American settlements need governments? A. to help solve problems and make rules B. to help improve relations with England C. to raise taxes D. to advise the king Q15: What is the advantage of a free-market economy? A. Certain products can be very expensive. B. The government does not control prices. C. There are no taxes on imported goods. D. People must pay cash. Short Answer Questions Use 1-2 complete sentences to answer the following questions. Be sure to include important parts of the question in your answer! Q1: Why do you think people in the Middle Colonies were more tolerant of other religions? I think that people in the Middle Colonies were more tolerant of other religions because people from all over Europe came to settle there, so different cultures and religions learned to live side by side. Q2: Explain how a person, a place, OR an event shaped development in the colonies. Possible answer (event): The writing of the Mayflower Compact helped shape development in the colonies because it was the first basis of government. Q3: Identify the main religious group in each of these colonies: Massachusetts, Maryland, Pennsylvania. Massachusetts: Puritans Maryland: Catholics Pennsylvania: Quakers Q4: What role did towns play in the development of a free-market economy in the English colonies? Towns in the English colonies played a key role in the development of a freemarket economy because they were busy trading centers. Farmers came to town to sell their crops and buy manufactured goods. Q5: Describe the First Great Awakening. The First Great Awakening was a new way to practice the Protestant religion. It emphasized strong emotions rather than difficult ideas. Q6: How were the English settlers self-sufficient in their new land? The English settlers were selfsufficient in their new land because they were able to take care of themselves by growing their own food and cutting down trees for shelter and warmth. Q7: What is the difference between a proprietary colony and a royal colony? The land in a proprietary colony is controlled by an individual or a group of owners, while land in a royal colony belonged to an English monarch (king or queen). Q8: What is the difference between enslaved people and indentured servants? Enslaved people were considered property and were bought and sold at auctions while indentured servants agreed to work for a set period of time in exchange for housing, food, and the trip to North America. Q9: How did the First Great Awakening affect religious tolerance? During the First Great Awakening people joined new religious groups, like the Baptists and the Methodists. Some of these new religions reached out to African Americans. Q10: Why were colonial governments not true democracies? Colonial governments were not true democracies because only men who owned property could vote or be elected representatives. Also, the British could pass some laws for the colonies without the colonists’ consent. Q11: Who were Roger Williams and William Penn? Roger Williams was a dissenter who left Massachusetts and founded the colony of Rhode Island. William Penn established the colony of Pennsylvania. Q12: Compare and contrast the land in the Southern and New England Colonies, and how the colonists used it. Compare (same): The land in both the Southern and New England colonies were used to grow crops. Contrast (different): The land in the Southern Colonies was used to grow cash crops on large soil-rich plantations. The rocky soil land in the New England Colonies was used to grow crops and raise livestock usually on small family-owned farms. Q13: Why did shipping become so important in the Middle Colonies? Shipping became important in the Middle Colonies because they had good harbors which helped shipping grow. Q14: What differences were there among the French, Spanish, and English colonial systems? The French developed trade with several American Indian groups, while the Spanish focused on agriculture and used enslaved peoples. Of the three countries, the English had more settlers all of whom worked either in agriculture or in various trades. Q15: What did enslaved people do to rebel against their situation? To rebel against their situation, enslaved people worked slowly, ran away, or bought their own freedom. CONGRATULATIONS! You’re done. (Practice makes perfect … If you missed any questions please think about taking the quiz again.) Bibliography: Pearson Scott Foresman, History-Social Science for California Our Nation, Teacher Resources Grade 5, Unit 4, 2006.