Limited vs. Unlimited Government Unlimited Government - What Is It Like? • Unlimited Government = government’s power has no limits. Usually no constitution or laws limiting the governments power • Control is placed solely with the ruler and his/her appointees. No limits imposed on his /her authority. • These governments have total control over their citizens. • Can you think of a country today that has a government that we would consider unlimited government? Monarchy Dictator Limited Government – What Is It Like? • Limited government = the power of government leader is limited by the constitution. • Everyone, including all authority figures, must obey the laws. • Individual rights of the citizen are protected by the constitution. • To gain power is not the main goal in a limited government. • The main goal of government is to improve the public good. • Can you name a type of government that is considered a limited form of government? DICTATORSHIP OLIGARCHY DEMOCRACY One person has all of the power; also called Monarchy, Tyranny, or Totalitarianism A few people have all the power; also known as Aristocracy or (sometimes) Communism Everyone may participate in government; also called Representative Democracy or Republic ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Unlimited Government—ruler can do anything! Unlimited Government—rulers can do anything! Limited Government—people who make laws also follow the laws! Leaders are “born” in to power (monarchy) or gain power by force (military dictatorship) Decisions are made by only a few people—usually the rich and influential People elect representatives to make decisions for them Citizens may unite in their loyalty to their Decisions can be made quickly and ruler and decisions can be made quickly good leadership may prevail, as long as no one person takes over Everyone is involved and has equal power, there is a lot of loyalty and support, individual freedoms are given No individual freedoms given, needs of the citizens not considered, ruler may make poor choices No individual freedoms are given, the Time consuming, since everyone needs of the people are not considered, gives input and rulers may make poor choices Rulers are called: King, Queen, Tsar, Czar, Emperor, Tyrant, Dictator Rulers may be called: Aristocrats, Oligarchs Representatives are called: Senators, Representatives, Presidents, Prime Ministers Can be found in: Saudi Arabia, the UK, Cuba Can be found in: China, Russia Can be found in: the USA, India, Mexico Anarchy: no government; very dangerous • Use the resources above and any additional resources needed to fully answer the essay. • Semester 1 Written Portion Exam Pre AP – Describe an unlimited and limited government in detail. Include how the type of government affects religion, economics, jobs, and housing. • Semester 1 Written Portion Exam Standard – Choose either an unlimited or a limited government and describe it and include how the type of government affects religion, economics, jobs, and housing.