TEACHING RECEPTIVE SKILLS:
LISTENING AND READING.
Калинина Е.А.
доцент кафедры
филологического
образования
СарИПКиПРО
PROBLEMS IN LISTENING:
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People speak too fast to follow
They can not tell where the words start
and stop
People pronounce the words they just do
not recognise
They can not work out details
They can not even get the general
message
They do not know what attitudes people
are expressing
They can not pick out the most important
parts for understanding
THE TASK –FEEDBACK CIRCLE
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Lead-in
Pre-task work (optional)
Set clear task
Play the recording or students read
the text
Feedback on task
conclude
THREE GUIDELINES:
1.
2.
3.
GRADE THE TASK, NOT THE
MATERIAL
TASK FIRST- THEN
RECORDING
PROCESS RATHER THAN
PRODUCT
Examples of listening tasks:
LISTEN AND…
 ARGUE AGAINST THE PROPOSITION
 CHOOSE THE CORRECT PICTURE
 LISTEN AGAIN UNTIL YOU HAVE
LEARNED THE POEM BY HEART
 SAY A REPLY TO EACH COMMENT
YOU HEAR
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CHOOSE THE BEST ANSWER
DECIDE WHICH PERSON IS SAYING
WHICH SENTENCE
FOLLOW THE ROUTE ON THE MAP
WALK/SIT/MOVE ACCORDING TO
THE INSTRUCTIONS
DRAW A PICTURE
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TAKE DOWN THE MESSAGE,
ADDRESS AND PHONE NUMBERS
PICK UP AND SHOW A CORRECT
PICTURE
GUIDELINES FOR LISTENING
SKILLS WORK IN CLASS:
Keep the recording short
 Play it 2 times at least
 Let students discuss their answers
together
 Do not be led by one strong student
 Give help only if they are
completely stuck
(DVD- feedback after an exercise)
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TYPES OF LISTENING:
1.
2.
GIST LISTENING (EXTENSIVE
LISTENING) (BOTTOM-UP)GETTING THE GENERAL MEANING
LISTENING FOR DETAIL (TOPDOWN)
POSSIBLE ROUTE MAP FOR A
LISTENING LESSON:
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Discuss the general topic
Predict the specific content
Predict the structure (who speaks? What
kind of questions)
Gist listening for overview
Gist listening for attitudes
More careful listening for complex
meanings
Listening for small details
LISTENING IDEAS:
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News headlines
Jigsaw listening
Home recordings
Live listening
Guest stars.
PROBLEMS IN READING:
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Lack of vocabulary
I need the dictionary all the time
It is very slow
Because it is slow the pleasure or
interest is soon lost
READING FOR DETAIL (INTENSIVE)
skimming=read quickly to get the
gist of the passage
 scanning= move eyes quickly over
the text to locate a specific piece of
information.
Skimming and scanning are both
“top-down skills”.
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POSSIBLE ROUTE MAP FOR A
READING LESSON:
1.
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Pre-text
Introduction and lead-in
First task (pre-reading)-prediction
from from illustrations, key-words,
headlines), reading questions
about the text.
POSSIBLE ROUTE MAP FOR A
READING LESSON:
2.
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Text
Skimming tasks (check text against predictions,
guess the title from the choice of 3 options, put
events in the right order)
Scanning tasks
Tasks to focus on general meaning (answer the
questions, make a sketch, fill out a form, find
out which picture is being described, compare
viewpoints)
Tasks to focus on detailed meaning
Vocabulary or grammar exercises, use of
dictionaries)
POSSIBLE ROUTE MAP FOR A
READING LESSON:
3.
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Post-text
Follow- on task (role-play, debate,
writing task, personalisation)
Closing (reflection).
Specific ideas for reading tasks:
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Put these illustrations of the text in
the correct order
Put these cut-up paragraphs in the
correct order
Find words in the text that mean
the same as the words in the list
Read the text and find mistakes in
the illustration
Specific ideas for reading tasks:
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Read the text and make a list of
particular items
Give a headline to each section of
the article
Insert the sentences into the text
Discuss or write the missing last
paragraph of the text
EXTENSIVE READING
READERS- books published
specifically for learners. They are
graded and have grammar and
vocabulary exercises.
Extensive reading activities:
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Do not always start at the beginning! Try
jumping in at the middle and reading one
page. Predict what happened before
Create a situation totally different from
the book and allow students to improvise
Review the book for a TV programme.
Meet the author, discuss and argue.
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TEACHING RECEPTIVE SKILLS: LISTENING AND READING