Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Nymphales
Family: Nymphaceae “water lilies”
1.
2.
Perennial aquatic herbs with large rhizomes.
Leaves Alternate, long-petioled; floating, submerged or
emerged; peltate.
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Nymphales
Family: Nymphaceae “water lilies”
1.
2.
3.
4.
Perennial aquatic herbs with large
rhizomes.
Leaves Alternate, long-petioled;
floating, submerged or emerged;
peltate.
Flowers bisexual; longpedunculed; floral parts
numerous. CA 1-many CO 1many, A many G many.
Each pistil has 1 carpel, 1 locule
and parietal placentation.
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Nymphales
Family: Nymphaceae “water lilies”
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Perennial aquatic herbs with large
rhizomes.
Leaves Alternate, long-petioled;
floating, submerged or emerged;
peltate.
Flowers bisexual; long-peduncled;
floral parts numerous. CA 1-many
CO 1-many, A many G many.
Each pistil has 1 carpel, 1 locule
and parietal placentation.
Fruit: a spongy berry.
Nymphaea “water lilies”,
Nuphar “spadderdock”
Nelumbo “lotus”
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Ranunculaceae “Buttercups”
1.
Mostly herbs, leaves alternate with sheathing leaf
bases; mostly lobed.
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Ranunculaceae “Buttercups”
1.
2.
3.
Mostly herbs, leaves alternate with sheathing leaf bases;
mostly lobed.
Flowers bisexual, bisexual, actinomorphic or zygomorphic.
Calyx 3 - many; Corolla 5 - many, rarely absent (calyx and
corolla often not differentiated.), Androecium 3 - many,
Gynecium 3- many simple pistils each with 1 carpel, 1 locule
and parietal placentation. Ovary superior.
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Ranunculaceae “Buttercups”
Mostly herbs, leaves alternate with sheathing
leaf bases; mostly lobed.
2.
Flowers bisexual, bisexual, actinomorphic or
zygomorphic.
3.
Calyx 3 - many; Corolla 5 - many, rarely absent
(calyx and corolla often not differentiated.),
Androecium 3 - many, Gynecium 3- many
simple pistils with 1 carpel, 1 locule and parietal
placentation. Ovary superior.
Ranunculus “buttercups”, Anemone “windflowers”,
Clematis “virgin’s bowers”, Aquilegia “columbines”,
Delphinium “larkspurs”
1.
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae “Roses”
1.
Herbs, shrubs or trees; leaves alternate with
stipules.
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae “Roses”
1.
2.
Herbs, shrubs or trees; leaves alternate with
stipules.
Flowers bisexual, actinomorphic; sepals 5,
petals 5; stamens 5 - numerous; gynecium
mostly 5 or many; often perigynous
(hypanthium) or inferior.
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae “Roses”
1.
2.
Herbs, shrubs or trees; leaves alternate with
stipules.
Flowers bisexual, actinomorphic; sepals 5,
petals 5; stamens 5 - numerous; gynecium
mostly 5 or many; often perigynous
(hypanthium) or inferior.
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae “Roses”
2.
Flowers bisexual, actinomorphic; sepals 5,
petals 5; stamens 5 - numerous; gynecium
mostly 5 or many; often perigynous
(hypanthium) or inferior.
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae “Roses”
1.
2.
3.
Herbs, shrubs or trees; leaves alternate with
stipules.
Flowers bisexual, actinomorphic; sepals 5,
petals 5; stamens 5 - numerous; gynecium
mostly 5 or many; often perigynous
(hypanthium) or inferior.
Fruit – achene, follicle, pome, drupe.
Pyrus “crabapples and pears”, Malus “apples,
Rubus “blackberries and rapsberries”, Geum
“avens”, Rosa “roses”, Prunus “peaches and
cherries”
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Rosales
Family: Crassulaceae “Stonecrop Family”
1.
2.
Succulent herbs, sometimes shrubs; leaves simple without
stipules; alternate or opposite.
Flowers 4 to 5 merous; calyx 4-5, corolla 4-5, androecium
4-10, gynoecium 4-5 and superior; marginal placentation;
scalelike gland at the base of each ovary.
Ca 4-5, Co 4-5, A 4-10, G 4-5
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Rosales
Family: Crassulaceae “Stonecrop Family”
1.
2.
3.
Succulent herbs, sometimes shrubs; leaves
simple without stipules; alternate or opposite.
Flowers 4 to 5 merous; calyx 4-5, corolla 4-5,
androecium 4-10, gynoecium 4-5 and superior;
marginal placentation; scalelike gland at the
base of each ovary.
Ca 4-5, Co 4-5, A 4-10, G 4-5
Fruit a leathery or membranous follicle (tiny
seeds).
Crassula “stonecrops and jade”, Sedum “hen and
chicks”, Kalanchoe “bryophyllum or life plant”
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Juncales
Family: Juncaceae “Rush Family”
1.
Perennial or annual herbs; stems form
tussocks or tufts; leaves sometimes
reduced to a basal sheath, small.
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Juncales
Family: Juncaceae “Rush Family”
1.
2.
Perennial or annual herbs;
stems form tussocks or
tufts; leaves sometimes
reduced to a basal sheath,
small.
Flowers usually bisexual,
actinomorphic, small; 6
perianth segments in 2
series (Ca 3, Co 3);
androecium usually 6;
compund pistil of 3 united
carpels; parietal
placentation, ovary
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Juncales
Family: Juncaceae “Rush Family”
1.
2.
Perennial or annual herbs; stems
form tussocks or tufts; leaves
sometimes reduced to a basal
sheath, small.
Flowers usually bisexual,
actinomorphic, small; 6 perianth
segments in 2 series (Ca 3, Co 3);
androecium usually 6; compund
pistil of 3 united carpels; parietal
placentation, ovary superior.
Juncus “rushes”
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Rosales
Family: Orchidaceae “Orchid Family”
1.
2.
One of the largest families. Perennial herbs often epiphytic or
saprophytic with rhizomes, tuberous roots or root stocks; sometimnes
aerial roots.
Leaves opposite, simple, often reduced to scales or fleshy; sheathing
at the base.
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Rosales
Family: Orchidaceae “Orchid Family”
1.
2.
3.
One of the largest families. Perennial
herbs often epiphytic or saprophytic with
rhizomes, tuberous roots or root stocks;
sometimnes aerial roots.
Leaves opposite, simple, often reduced
to scales or fleshy; sheathing at the
base.
Flowers bisexual and zygomorphic;
calyx 3, often colored; petals 2 lateral
and a middle labellum - often larger and
shaped different from laterals;
androecium of 1 or 2 stamens attached
to column; staminoide – extension of the
column; gyneocium – a compound pistil
of 3 carpels; 3 stigmas; ovary inferior.
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Rosales
Family: Orchidaceae “Orchid Family”
1.
2.
3.
4.
One of the largest families. Perennial herbs often epiphytic or
saprophytic with rhizomes, tuberous roots or root stocks; sometimnes
aerial roots.
Leaves opposite, simple, often reduced to scales or fleshy; sheathing
at the base.
Flowers bisexual and zygomorphic; calyx 3, often colored; petals 2
lateral and a middle labellum - often larger and shaped different from
laterals; androecium of 1 or 2 stamens attached to column; staminoide
– extension of the column; gyneocium – a compound pistil of 3 carpels;
3 stigmas; ovary inferior.
Fruit: capsule with tiny seeds.
Orchis “showy orchid”, Cyripedium “ladies slippers”, Spiranthes “ladies
tresses”, Platanthera “fringed”
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Rosales
Family: Hyperaceae “St. John’s-wort Family”
1.
Leaves simple, opposite, usually entire and dotted with glands.
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Rosales
Family: Hyperaceae “St. John’s-wort Family”
1.
2.
3.
.
Leaves simple, opposite, usually entire and
dotted with glands.
Flowers usually bisexual and actinomorphic.
Speals 2 – 10; petals 2 -12 (often 5),
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Rosales
Family: Hyperaceae “St. John’s-wort Family”
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Leaves simple, opposite, usually entire and
dotted with glands.
Flowers usually bisexual and actinomorphic.
Speals 2 – 10; petals 2 -12 (often 5),
Stamen ususally numerous; sometimes
coalescent basally in fasicles.
Carpels 3 – 5; sometimes 7 (Same no. of
styles.
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Rosales
Family: Hyperaceae “St. John’s-wort Family”
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Leaves simple, opposite, usually entire and
dotted with glands.
Flowers usually bisexual and actinomorphic.
Speals 2 – 10; petals 2 -12 (often 5),
Stamen ususally numerous; sometimes
coalescent basally in fasicles.
Carpels 3 – 5; sometimes 7 (Same no. of
styles.
Parietal/axile placentation.
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Rosales
Family: Hyperaceae “St. John’s-wort Family”
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Leaves simple, opposite, usually entire and
dotted with glands.
Flowers usually bisexual and actinomorphic.
Speals 2 – 10; petals 2 -12 (often 5),
Stamen ususally numerous; sometimes
coalescent basally in fasicles.
Carpels 3 – 5; sometimes 7 (Same no. of
styles.
Parietal/axile placentation.
Fruit a capule or berry.
Hypericum “St. John’s-wort”, Mammea “mammea
apple”, Ascyrum “St. Peter’s-wort”