APA ITU ANTROPOLOGI ?
"anthropology"
from the Greek anthrōpos (ἄνθρωπος), "man“
“logia “
(-λογία), "discourse" or "study."
Anthropology's basic concerns are the definition of human life
and origin, how social relations among humans are organized,
who the ancestors of modern Homo sapiens are, what the
characterizations of human physical traits are, how humans
behave, why there are variations among different groups of
humans, how the evolutionary past of Homo sapiens has
influenced its social organization and culture and so forth
Anthropology originated in the colonial encounter
between Western people and colonized nonwestern peoples, as Europeans tried to understand
the origins of observable cultural diversity. Today
anthropology is a global discipline, and
anthropologists study both Western and nonWestern societies.
Anthropology originated in the colonial encounter
between Western people and colonized nonwestern peoples, as Europeans tried to understand
the origins of observable cultural diversity. Today
anthropology is a global discipline, and
anthropologists study both Western and nonWestern societies.
Apa itu Antropologi ?
Ragam Pandangan Awam tentang Makna Kajian Antropologi
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Ilmu tentang ramalan rasi bintang dan nasib manusia
Ilmu tentang makna kuburan – makam yang keramat
Ilmu tentang fosil-fosil manusia dan hewan masa lalu
Ilmu tentang prilaku kera/orang utan/gorila
Ilmu tentang perdukunan dan santet
Ilmu tentang tari-tarian dan budaya manusia
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Asal Kata “Anthropology”
“Anthropology”
anthropos = manusia
logos = studi tentang
Apa beda antropologi dengan cabang ilmu lain yang mempelajari
tentang manusia?
( seperti sosiologi, biologi, psikologi, ilmu politik, ekonomi, sejarah
dan lain-lain)
Antropologi mempelajari manusia – asal mulanya, sejarah
perkembangan/evolusinya, keragamannya (fisik – sosial)
Bidang Kajian Antropologi
Antropologi Fisik/Biologi
a. Kajian Sinkronik
- Human Variation
- Antropologi Forensik
- Primatologi
- Antropologi Fisik
Terapan
b. Kajian Diakronik
- Paleoanthropology
Arkeokologi
Kajian Diakronik
- Arkeologi Sejarah
- Arkeologi pra sejarah
- Contract arkeology
- Cultural resource
management
Antropologi Linguistik
a. Kajian Sinkronik
- Descriptive linguistis
- Etnolinguistic
- Sociolinguistic
- Aplied linguistic
b. Kajian Diakronik
- Historical linguistic
Antropologi Sosial
Budaya
a. Kajian Sinkronik
- Antropologi ekonomi
- Antropologi psikologi
- Antropologi medis
- Antropologi perkotaan
- Antropologi pedidikan
- Antropologi terapan
Beberapa Prinsip Bidang Kajian Antropologi
Holistik : - holistik 7 prinsip kebudayaan universal
- holistik terfokus
Etnosentism : - pandangan bahwa kultur suatu gol.etnik lebih tinggi drpd gol.
etnik lain
Relatif Budaya (cultural relativism)
- pandangan bahwa kultur suatu gol. etnik di suatu lingkungan
tertentu, belum tentu cocok bila diterapkan pada gol etnik lain
Etik dan Emik – Going Native dalam penelitian antropologi
Peluang Karir dalam Bidang Kajian Antropologi
Antropologi
Fisik/Biologi
Arkeologi
Antropologi
Linguistik
Antropologi
Sosial Budaya
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APA ITU ANTROPOLOGI ?