Unit 1: The Renaissance and Reformation (1300-1600) LESSON 2: THE RENAISSANCE REVOLUTIONIZES ART AND LITERATURE Vocabulary (5 Mins) WE ARE IN THE FIRST CHP Donatello (Person) Renaissance Man (Concept) The Mona Lisa (Person) CLUE PAGE The further in the past art is, the more abstract and less defined it is. Further, Art works in the past focused more on Religious, rather than secular items. Perspective art – This clue can be found on Page 40. This artist not only created the Supper of Jesus, but also one of the first flying macheens The father or the Renaissance, well known for his Sonnets… P. 41 Teenage Mutant Ninja Turles: Raphael, Michaelangelo, Leonardo, Donatello Bell Ringer Renaissance Artists and Writers 1. He produced the boy David from bronze? a. Raphael b. Donatello c. Petrarch 2. He pained the Mona Lisa and designed the first known flying machine? a. da Vinci b. Raphael c. Michelangelo 3. He created a large statue of David and painted the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel? a. Donatello b. Michelangelo c. Raphael 4. He wrote poems called sonnets about a girl named Laura? a. da Vinci b. Petrarch c. Machiavelli What might these Characters have to do with the Renaissance? What is the Difference betewen Medieval (600CE1200CE) and Renaissance Art (1399-1600CE) Medieval Art Artists Created Religious and Spiritual Works. Flat Abstract 2-D VS Renaissance Art Used a realistic style copied from classical models Very Well Defined Greek & Roman subjects were very popular Use of perspective3D What Type of Painting is this? Whom might the Painter be? Realistic Painting and Sculpture Renaissance artists copied the realistic styles of Greek and Roman artists. They used perspective – a technique that showed 3 dimensions on a flat surface. Raphael’s Marriage of the Virgin (1504) See Page 40 of Text! The Last Supper 1495 – 1498 15 ft. X 29 ft. Da Vinci the Mona Lisa (Da Vinci) It was painted between 1504 and 1506. She is thought to be 16 yr-old Lisa Gherardini who married Francesco del Giocondo, a wealthy merchant of Florence. Leonardo Da Vinci (1452-1519) He was a painter, sculptor, inventor, and scientist. 3500 pages of his writings and drawings survive and 17 paintings: best known for the Mona Lisa and The Last Supper. He was a true “Renaissance man.” Raphael Sanzio (1483-1520) Advanced Realism He studied Michelangelo & Leonardo Favorite subject was Madonna and child Portrayed their expressions as gentle and calm Famous for use of perspective Madonna and Child With Book (1504) The School of Athens (Raphael) (1509-1510) The Ceiling of the Sistine Chapel (Michelangelo) Sistine Chapel (1508 – 1512) Michelangelo Buonarroti (1475–1564) Michelangelo used realistic style when depicting the human body in his statue David (1501-1504). It shows David before the battle with Goliath and it is 18 feet tall! Donatello di Betto Bardi(1386–1466) The Boy David was created in the 1440’s of bronze and stand about 6’ 2”. Sofonisba Anguissola (1532-1625) She was the first female artist to be known on an international level. She is know for her portraits of her sisters and this one: King Philip II of Spain (1558) Francesco Petrarch The father of Renaissance humanism. He wrote in the vernacular (his native language) as well as Latin. He wrote sonnets – 14 line poems – about a mysterious woman named Laura who died of the plague in 1348. SONNETS SONNET 18 - William Shakespeare Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? Thou art more lovely and more temperate: Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, And summer's lease hath all too short a date: Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines, And often is his gold complexion dimm'd; And every fair from fair sometime declines, By chance or nature's changing course untrimm'd; But thy eternal summer shall not fade Nor lose possession of that fair thou owest; Nor shall Death brag thou wander'st in his shade, When in eternal lines to time thou growest: So long as men can breathe or eyes can see, So long lives this and this gives life to thee. Niccolo Machiavelli Wrote The Prince (1513) to as a guidebook for politicians and rulers. He believed most people were selfish, fair weather, and corrupt. He said rulers should not be concerned with what was morally right, but with what was politically effective. Said lying was o.k. to lead and that rulers are better off feared than loved. ON YOUR OWN… Artists were commissioned (By wealthy Patrons) to create works/art that illustrated concerns of the day. DO: LIKE THE ARTISTS OF OLD, FOCUS ON ANY NEWS, EVENT, PROBLEM IN SOCIETY AND CREATE YOUR OWN WORK OF ART. YOU MAY CREATE AN ARTISTIC WORK OR POETRY OF YOUR CHOSING. If you don’t finish – you have it for homework. Exit Slip Renaissance Artists and Writers Match the Artist to the Artwork or the Author to the book! 1. Leonardo da Vinci A. 2. Michelangelo B. 3. Raphael C. 4. Machiavelli D.