The Five Themes of
Geography
A Framework for Studying the
World
New Jersey
Theme 1: Location
• Where is It?
Two Types of
Location
•Absolute
•Relative
Absolute Location
•
•
•
•
A specific place on the Earth’s surface
Uses a grid system
Latitude and longitude
A global address
New Jersey
Absolute Location
• Fair Lawn, New Jersey
– 41° N Latitude 74° W longitude
Relative Location
• Where a place is
in relation to
another place
• Uses directional
words to describe
– Cardinal and
intermediate
directions
New Jersey
• New Jersey is
bordered by
New York on the north,
Delaware on the south, and Pennsylvania
on the west.
• The Atlantic Ocean forms New Jersey’s
east coast.
• North Carolina is one of the Northeastern
States
Theme 2: Place
Physical and Human
Characteristics
• What is this
place like? Why
is it unique?
• Land Features
• Mountains, plains,
and plateaus
• Climate
• Bodies of Water
• People, language,
jobs
New Jersey:
Physical
Characteristics
- The Pine Barrens
- The Shoreline
- The Palisades
Theme 2: Place
Human Characteristics
•
•
•
•
•
People
Culture
Language
Religion
Buildings and
Landmarks
• Cities
Theme 3: Human
Environmental Interaction
How do people change their environment
and how does the
environment change
people?
People . . .
• Adapt to Their Environment
• Modify Their Environment
• Depend on Their Environment
http://www.fotosearch.com/comp/corbis/DGT119/BAG0017.jpg
New Jersey: Human
Environmental Interaction
Theme 4: Movement
How are people and
places linked?
The Mobility of
• People
• Goods
• Ideas
New Jersey: Movement
Theme 5: Regions – Areas of
the world that are grouped
together
What Places Have in Common
• Political Regions
• Landform Regions
• Agricultural Regions
• Cultural Regions
New Jersey: Regions
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The Five Themes of Geography